Pharmco mini3 sem1

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Author:
pandachowmein
ID:
119264
Filename:
Pharmco mini3 sem1
Updated:
2011-11-27 19:48:40
Tags:
cardio pharmco mini3 sem1
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Description:
heart and hypertension pharmco intro
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  1. ACE Inhibitors
    • Angiotensin II blocker
    • Decrease volume to decrease heart load
    • Captoril
  2. Amiodarone
    • K+ repol channel blocker
    • arrthmia medication
    • increase refractory period
    • slows firing down
  3. Anticoagulation drugs
  4. Antiplatelet Drugs
    • NASIDs
    • asprin, thromboxane inhibitor
  5. ARBs
    • Angiotensin receptor blocker
    • Losartan
    • lower volume lower heart load
    • hypertension
    • no dry cough like ACE inhibitor captirol
  6. Beta blockers
    • Propranolol
    • hypertension and arrthmia drug
    • decrease cardiac output
    • increase refractory period and decrease conduction speed
  7. cacium channel blockers
    • Verapamil - L type open/inactivated calcium channel blocker (ischemic heart disease and Class 4 arrhthmia)
    • decrease conduction
    • decrease contractility
    • decrease automaticity of pacemakers
    • decrease vessel constriction
    • Relax heart
  8. cardiac glycosides
    • Digitalis - heart failure
    • Increase contractility
    • heart failure drug
  9. Clonidine
    • α2-agonist
    • sympathetic hypertension drug
    • reduce cardiac output
  10. Diuretics
    • Hydroclorothiazide and fuermoside (tritransporter blocker)
    • Na/Cl symport blocker
    • hypertension and ischemic drug
  11. Fibrinolytics
    Alteplase - plasminogen activator
  12. NitratesNitrites
    • Nitropresside - hypertension drug
    • Nitroglycerin - Ischemic heart disease
    • vasodilation
  13. Sodium channel blockers
    • Digitoxin - incresae intraceullar sodium
    • increase contractility by increase intraceullar calcium
    • heart failure drug
  14. Statins
    • HMG CoA reductase blocker
    • prevents the production of cholester from AcetylCoa

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