AP 1 (11-3)
Card Set Information
AP 1 (11-3)
AP 1 chapter 11.
What are the basic structures of the neuron?
Where can cell bodies of neurons be found?
What function does the cell body fufill in the neuron?
Besides the normal organelles, what two organelles do cell bodies have?
What are neurofibrils?
microtubules - move material
(neurotransmitter, from cell body to end of axon)
Describe the structure of dendrites.
What is the function of dendrites?
receive and transmit impulses toward cell body
How many axons are connected to a cell body?
Where do axons connect to on a cell body?
Describe the structure of an axon.
Very in length
May have branches
At end, many short terminal branches may occur, each ending in synaptic knobs or bulbs that containsecretory vesicles filled with neurotransmitter.
What is the function of an axon?
transmit nerve impulses away from cell body to another nerve cell, or to an effector cell.
When do cell bodies and dendrites contain myelin sheaths?
What are the two types of axons and where can they be found?
Myelinated - white matter
Unmyelinated - gray matter
What forms myelin sheaths in the PNS?
The outter layer of the myelin sheaths in the PNS is called what?
What gives the white appearence of myelin in the PNS?
The high lipid content.
What are the nodes of Ranvier and what are their functions?
Area between schwann cells that lack myelin.
These act as conductive segments that allow nerve impulses to travel.
Oligodendrocytes extend long processes that form _____ in the CNS.
cell bodies and cytoplasm remain in spaces between neurons in the CNS, which means that there are no _____.
Nodes of Ranveir occur in what?
Because of the absence of _____ in the CNS, it is unlikely that neurons will regenerate after injury.
Myelination development is completed when?