World History Vocab

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World History Vocab
2011-11-27 21:26:23
world history vocab unit war

Unit 7
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  1. Triple Alliance
    A military alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy in the years preceding World War I.
  2. Triple Entente
    A military alliance between Great Britain, France, and Russia in the years preceding World War I.
  3. Militarism
    A policy of glorifying military power and keeping a standing army always prepared for war.
  4. Trench Warfare
    A form of warfare in which opposing armies fight each other from trenches dug in the battlefield.
  5. Schlieffen Plan
    Germany’s military plan at the outbreak of World War I, according to which Germany troops would rapidly defeat France and then move east to attack Russia.
  6. Unrestricted Submarine Warfare
    The use of submarines to sink – without warning – any ship (including neutral ships and unarmed passenger liners) found in an enemy’s waters.
  7. Propaganda
    Information or material spread to advance a cause or to damage an opponent’s cause.
  8. Total War
    A conflict in which the participating countries devote all their resources to the war effort.
  9. Armistice
    An agreement to stop fighting.
  10. Fourteen Points
    A series of proposals in which U.S. president Woodrow Wilson outlined aplan for achieving a lasting peace after World War I.
  11. Treaty of Versailles
    The peace treaty signed by Germany and the Allied powers 12. after World War I.
  12. League of Nations
    An international association formed after World WarI with the goal of keeping peace among nations.
  13. Proletariat
    In Marxist theory, the group of workers who would overthrowthe czar and come to rule Russia.
  14. Bolsheviks
    A group of revolutionary Russian Marxists who took control of Russia’s government in November1917.
  15. Provisional government
    A temporary government.
  16. Totalitarianism
    Government control over every aspect of public and private life.
  17. Five-Year Plan
    Plansoutlined by Joseph Stalin in 1928 for the development of the SovietUnion’s economy.
  18. Nuremberg Trials
    A series of court proceedings held in Nuremberg, Germany, after World War II, in which Nazi leaders were tried for aggression, violationsof the rules of war, and crimes against humanity.
  19. Command Economy
    An economic system in which the government makes all economic decisions.
  20. Long March
    A 6,000-mile journey made in 1934-1935 by Chinese Communists fleeing from JiangJieshi’s Nationalist forces.
  21. Atlantic Charter
    A declaration of principles issued in August 1914 byBritish prime minister Winston Churchill and U.S. president Franklin Roosevelt,on which the Allied peace plan at the end of World War II was based.
  22. Weimar Republic
    The republic that was established in Germany in 1919 and ended in 1933.
  23. Axis Powers
    In World War II, the nations of Germany, Italy,and Japan,which had formed an alliance in 1936.
  24. Fascism
    A policy movement that promotes an extreme form ofnationalism, a denial of individual rights, and a dictatorial one-party rule.
  25. Nazism
    The fascist policiesof the National Socialist German Workers’ party, based on totalitarianism, abelief in racial superiority, and state control of industry.
  26. Mein Kampf
    “My Struggle” – a bookwritten by Adolf Hitler during his imprisonment in 1923-1924, in which he setforth his beliefs and his goals for Germany
  27. Lebensraum
    “living space” – the additional territory that,according to Adolf Hitler, Germanyneeded because it was overcrowded.
  28. Isolationism
    A policy of avoiding political or military involvementwith other countries.
  29. Third Reich
    The Third German Empire, established by AdolfHitler in the 1930s.
  30. Blitzkrieg
    “lighting war” – aform of warfare in which surprise attacks with fast-moving airplanes arefollowed by massive attacks with infantry forces.
  31. Nonaggression Pact
    An agreement in which nations promise not to attackone another.
  32. Genocide
    The systematic killing of an entire people.
  33. Holocaust
    A mass slaughter ofJews and other civilians, carried out by the Nazi government of Germanybefore and during World War II.
  34. Kamikaze
    During World War II, Japanese suicide pilotstrained to sink Allied ships by crashing bomb-filled planes into them.
  35. Civil disobedience
    A deliberate and public refusal to obey a lawconsidered unjust.