3 - Mood

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Author:
rsumule
ID:
119316
Filename:
3 - Mood
Updated:
2011-11-28 00:54:02
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mood
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Psyc 553
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  1. Comparing views of human nature by Freud and Seligman
    • Freud: negative, rotten to the core, sinner, psychopathology
    • Seligman: positive, morality, altruism, positive psychology
  2. Where does happiness come from? Difference between pleasure and gratification
    • Pleasure: having fun. --> more short term effect of happiness
    • Gratification: exercising kindness --> more long term effect of happiness
  3. The types of Mood Disorders
    • Unipolar Depressive Disorders
    • - Major Depressive disorder
    • - Dysthymic
    • - Depressive NOS

    • Bipolar Disorders
    • - Bipolar I
    • - Bipolar II
    • - Cyclothymic
    • - Bipolar NOS

    Mood Disorder NOS
  4. Major Depressive Episode in adults
    • 2 week period, at least 5:
    • - depressed mood most of the day nearly every day [one of the two must haves]
    • - markedly diminished interest or pleasure in activities [one of the twi must haves]
    • - significant weight loss or weight gain
    • - insomnia or hypersomnia
    • - psychomotor agitation or retardation
    • - fatigue or loss of energy
    • - feelings o worthlessness or excessive guilt
    • - diminished ability to think or concentrate or indeciveness
    • - recurrent thoughts of death, suicidal ideations, a suicide attempt/plan
  5. Major Depressive Episode in youth
    • 2 week period, at least 5:
    • depressed mood most of the day nearly every day [one of the two must haves] -- irritable mood (frustration & temper tantrums)
    • markedly diminished interest or pleasure in activities [one of the twi must haves] -- withdraw
    • significant weight loss or weight gain -- or failure to gain
    • insomnia or hypersomnia -- nightmares
    • psychomotor agitation or retardation
    • fatigue or loss of energy -- somatic compalints
    • feelings o worthlessness or excessive guilt -- self-esteem
    • diminished ability to think or concentrate or indeciveness -- school
    • recurrent thoughts of death, suicidal ideations, a suicide attempt/plan
  6. Major Depressive Disorder
    • Single Episode (Mild, Moderate, Severe)
    • One major depressive episode
    • No manic/hypomanic/mixed episodes

    • Recurrent (Mild, Moderate, Severe)
    • 2+ major depressive episodes
    • no manic/hypomanic/mixed episodes
  7. Dysthymic Disorder
    • Depressed mood for most of the day, more days than nor, for at least 2 years (in youth: can be irritable and duration must be at least 1 year)
    • Presence, while depressed, of 2 or more:
    • -poor appetite or overeating
    • -insomnia or hypersomnia
    • -low energy or fatigue
    • -low self-esteem
    • -poor concentration or difficulty making decisions
    • -feelings of hopelessness
    • without making symptoms for 2 straight months
    • specify "early onset" of person is less than 21 years old
  8. Depressive disorder NOS
    • examples are:
    • Minor depressive disorder: has fewer than the required 5 symptoms
    • Recurrent brief depressive disorder: episodes lasting from 2 days up to 2 weeks, once a month for 12 months
  9. Prevalence if MDD by gender (Hankin et al., 1998)
    • Based on Age and Percentage of Youth with MDD:
    • 11 : M 2% F 1%
    • 13 : M 2% F 2%
    • 15 : M 1% F 4%
    • 18 : M 9% F 20% --> big life transition
    • 21 : M 6% F 15%
  10. Concordance Rates (Bertelsen et al., 1977)
    • Any Mood D/O
    • Identical Twin : 0.6
    • Fraternal Twin : 0.2
  11. Biology
    • Norepinephrine (NE)
    • Serotonin (5HT)
    • Hormones can play a role
    • Most research with adults
  12. Biology - Norepinephrine (PE)
    • Deficiency = depressed
    • Excess = mania
  13. Biology - Serotonin (5HT)
    Reduction can trigger fall in NE
  14. Biology - hormones can play a role
    • High cortisol - more depressed
    • Directionality is just correlational studies
  15. Behavioral Theories on Depression
    • Lack of Positive reinforcement (RF+)
    • Learned helplessness (Seligman, 1975)
    • Modelling
  16. Behavioral theory : Lack of positive reinforcement
    • Not valued by family or peers
    • Lack social skills to obtain social positive reinforcement
  17. Behavioral theory: Learned helplessness
    • Repeated experiences with uncontrollable events
    • Depressive attributional style: stable, internal, global
  18. Behavioral theory: Modelling
    Depressed caregivers have depressed children

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