Final Exam

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bcastro
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119322
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Final Exam
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2011-11-28 02:02:15
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medical terminology
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Final Exam
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  1. -centesis
    surgical puncture
  2. -clasis
    to break; surgical fracture
  3. -desis
    binding, fixation (of a bone or joint)
  4. -ectomy
    excision, removal
  5. -lysis
    separation; destruction; loosening
  6. -pexy
    fixation (of an organ)
  7. -plasty
    surgical repair
  8. -rrhaphy
    suture
  9. -stomy
    forming an opening (mouth)
  10. -tome
    instrument to cut
  11. -tomy
    incision
  12. -tripsy
    crushing
  13. -gram
    record, writing
  14. -graph
    instrument for recording
  15. -graphy
    process of recording
  16. -meter
    instrument for measuring
  17. -metry
    act of measuring
  18. -scope
    instrument for examining
  19. -scopy
    visual examination
  20. -algia
    pain
  21. -dynia
    pain
  22. -cele
    hernia, swelling
  23. -ectasis
    dilation, expansion
  24. -edema
    swelling
  25. -emesis
    vomiting
  26. -emia
    blood condition
  27. -gen
    forming, producing, origin
  28. -genesis
    forming, producing, origin
  29. -iasis
    abnormal condition (produced by something specific)
  30. -itis
    inflammation
  31. -lith
    stone, calculus
  32. -malacia
    softening
  33. -megaly
    enlargement
  34. -oma
    tumor
  35. -osis
    abnormal condition; increase (used primarily with blood cells)
  36. -pathy
    disease
  37. -penia
    disease, deficiency
  38. -phagia
    eating, swallowing
  39. -phasia
    speech
  40. -phobia
    fear
  41. -plasia
    formation,growth
  42. -plasm
    formation, growth
  43. -plegia
    paralysis
  44. -ptosis
    prolap, downward, displacement
  45. -rrhage
    bursting forth (of)
  46. -rrhagia
    bursting forth (of)
  47. -rrhea
    discharge, flow
  48. -rrhexis
    rupture
  49. -sclerosis
    abnormal condition of hardening
  50. -spasm
    involuntary contraction, twitching
  51. -stenosis
    narrowing, stricture
  52. -toxic
    poison
  53. -trophy
    nourishment, development
  54. -ac
    pertaining to
  55. -al
    pertaining to
  56. -ar
    pertaining to
  57. -ary
    pertaining to
  58. -eal
    pertaining to
  59. -ic
    pertaining to
  60. -ical
    pertaining to
  61. -ile
    pertaining to
  62. -ior
    pertaining to
  63. -ous
    pertaining to
  64. -tic
    pertaining to
  65. -esis
    condition
  66. -ia
    condition
  67. -ism
    condition
  68. -iatry
    medicine; treatment
  69. -ician
    specialist
  70. -ist
    specialist
  71. -y
    condition, process
  72. -icle
    small, minute
  73. -ole
    small, minute
  74. -ule
    small, minute
  75. epi-
    above, upon
  76. hypo-
    under, below, deficient
  77. infra-
    under, below
  78. sub-
    under, below
  79. inter-
    between
  80. post-
    after, behind
  81. pre-
    before, in front of
  82. pro-
    before, in front ot
  83. retro-
    backward, behind
  84. bi-
    two
  85. dipl-
    double
  86. diplo-
    double
  87. hemi-
    one half
  88. hyper-
    excessive, above normal
  89. macro-
    large
  90. micro-
    small
  91. mono-
    one
  92. uni-
    one
  93. multi-
    many, much
  94. poly-
    many, much
  95. primi-
    first
  96. quadri-
    four
  97. tri-
    three
  98. ab-
    from, away from
  99. ad-
    toward
  100. circum-
    around
  101. peri-
    around
  102. dia-
    through, accross
  103. trans-
    through, accross
  104. ecto-
    outside, outward
  105. exo-
    outside, outward
  106. extra-
    outside, outward
  107. endo-
    in, within
  108. intra-
    in, within
  109. para-
    near, beside, beyond
  110. super-
    upper, above
  111. supra-
    above; excessive; superior
  112. ultra-
    excess, beyond
  113. a-
    without, not
  114. an-
    without, not
  115. anti-
    against
  116. contra-
    against
  117. brady-
    slow
  118. dys-
    bad; painful; difficult
  119. eu-
    good, normal
  120. hetero-
    different
  121. homo-
    same
  122. homeo-
    same
  123. mal-
    bad
  124. pan-
    all
  125. pseudo-
    false
  126. syn-
    union, together, joined
  127. tachy-
    rapid
  128. aneurysm/o
    widened blood vessel
  129. angi/o
    vessel (usually blood or lymph)
  130. vascul/o
    vessel (usually blood or lymph)
  131. aort/o
    aorta
  132. arteri/o
    artery
  133. arteriol/o
    arteriole
  134. atri/o
    atrium
  135. arther/o
    fatty plaque
  136. cardi/o
    heart
  137. electr/o
    electricity
  138. embol/o
    embolus (plug)
  139. hemangi/o
    blood vessel
  140. my/o
    muscle
  141. phleb/o
    vein
  142. ven/o
    vein
  143. scler/o
    hardening; sclera (white of eye)
  144. sept/o
    septum
  145. sphygm/o
    pulse
  146. sten/o
    narrowing, stricture
  147. thromb/o
    blood clot
  148. ventricul/o
    ventricle (of the heart or brain)
  149. -gram
    record, writing
  150. -graph
    instrument for recording
  151. -graphy
    process of recording
  152. -sphyxia
    pulse
  153. -stenosis
    narrowing, structure
  154. brady-
    slow
  155. endo-
    in, within
  156. extra-
    outside
  157. peri-
    around
  158. tachy-
    rapid
  159. trans-
    across
  160. aneurysm
    localized abnormal dilation of a vessel, usually an artery
  161. arrest
    condition of being stopped or bringing to a stop
  162. arrhythmia
    inability of the heart to maintain a normal sinus rhythm, possibly including a rapid or slow beat or "skipping" a beat; also called dysrythmia
  163. bruit
    soft blowing sound heard on auscultation, possibly due to vibration associated with the movement of blood, valvular action, or both; also called a murmur
  164. cardiomyopathy
    any disease or weakening of heart muscle that diminishes cardiac function
  165. catheter
    thin, flexible, hollow plastic tube that is small enough to be threaded through a vein, artery, or tubular structure
  166. coarctation
    narrowing of a vessel, especially the aorta
  167. deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
    blood clot that forms in the deeo veins if the bodym especially those in the legs or thighs
  168. ejection fraction (EF)
    calculation of how much blood a ventricle an eject with one contraction
  169. heart failure (HF)
    failure of the heart to supply an adequate amount of blood to tissues and organs
  170. embolus
    mass of undissolved matter (foreign object, tissue, thrombus) circulating in blood or lymphatic channels until it becomes lodged in a vessel
  171. fibrilation
    quivering or spontaneous muscle contractions, especially of the heart, causing ineffectual contractions
  172. hemostasis
    arrest of bleeding or circulation
  173. hyperlipidemia
    excessive amounts of lipids (cholesterol, phospholipids, and triglycerides)in the blood.
  174. hypertension (HTN)
    common disorder characterized by elevated blood pressure persistently exceeding 140 mm Hg systolic or 90 mm Hg diastolic
  175. hypertensive heart disease
    any heart disorder caused by prolonged hypertension, including left ventricular hypertrophy, coronary artery disease, cardiac arrhythmias, and heart failure
  176. implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD)
    implantable battery-powered device that monitors and automatically corrects ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation by sending electrical impulses to the heart
  177. infarct
    area of tissue that undergoes necrosis following cessation of blood supply
  178. ischemia
    local and temporary deficiency of blood supply due to circulatory obstruction
  179. mitral valve prolapse (MVP)
    common and occasionally serious condition in which the leaflets of the mitral valve prolapse into the left atrium during systole causing a characteristic murmur heard on auscultation
  180. radioisotope
    chemical radioactive material used as a tracer to follow a substance thorugh the body or a structure
  181. palpitation
    sensation that the heart is not beating normally, possibly including "thumping," "fluttering," "skiped beats." or a pounding feeling in the chest
  182. patent ductus arteriosus
    failure if the ductus arteriousus to close after birth, allowing blood
  183. perfusion
    circulation of blood through tissues or the passage of fluids through vessels of an organ
  184. tetralogy of Fallot
    congenital anomaly consisting of four elements: 1. pulmonary artery stenosis; 2. interventricular septal defect; 3. transposition of the aorta, that both ventricles empty in to the aorta; 4. right ventricular hypertrophy caused by increased workload of the right ventricle.
  185. stent
    slender or threadlike device used to hold open vessels, tubes, or obstructed arteries.
  186. thrombus
    blood clot that obstructs a vessel
  187. cardiac chatheterization (CC)
    passage of chatheter into the heart through a vein or artery to provide a comprehensive evaluation of the heart
  188. electrocardiogram (ECG, EKG)
    graphic line recordingthat shows the spread of electrical excitation to different parts of the heart using small metal electrodes applied to the chest, arms, and legs.
  189. holter monitor test
    ECG taken with a small portable recording system capable of storing up to 24 hours of ECG tracings
  190. nuclear
    ECG that utilized a radioisotope to evaluate coronary blood flow
  191. stress test
    ECG taken under controlled exercise stress conditions
  192. cardiac enzyme studies
    blood test that measures troponin T, troponin I, and creatinine kinase (CK-MB)
  193. lipid panel
    series of tests (total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein, low density lipoprotein, and triglycerides) used to assess risk factors of ischemic heart disease
  194. angiography
    radiographc imaging of the heart and blood vessels after injection of a contrast dye.
  195. coronary
    agiography to determine the degree of obstruction of the arteries that supply blood to the heart
  196. digital subtraction
    angiography in which two radiographic images are obtained, the first one without contrast material and the second one after a contrast material has been injected, and then compared by a computed that digitally substracts (removes) the images of soft tissues, bones, and muscles, leaving only the image of vessels with contrast.
  197. aortography
    radiological examination of the aorta and its branches following injection of a contrast medium via a catheter.
  198. echocardiography (ECHO)
    noninvasive diagnosic method that uses ultrasound to visualize internal cardiac structures and produce images of the heart
  199. doppler ultrasound
    noninvsive adaptation of ultrasound technology in which blood flow velocity is assesed in different areas of the heart
  200. magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
    noninvasive technique that uses radiowaves and a strong magnetic field, rather than an x-ray beam, to produce multiplanar cross-sectional images of blood vessels
  201. mutli-gated acquisition (MUGA)
    nuclear procedure that uses radioactie tracers to produce movie-like images of the structures of the heart, including the myocardium and the mitral and tricuspid valves.
  202. phonocardiography
    imaging technique that provides a graphic display of heart sounds and murmurs during the cardiac cycle
  203. scintigraphy
    diagnostic test tht uses radiation emitted by the body after an injection of radioactive substances to create images of various organs or identify body functions and diseases.
  204. thallium study (resting)
    scintigraphy procedure that uses injected radioactive thallium and records the uptake of the isotope with a gamma camera to produce an image.
  205. venography
    radiography of a vein after injection of a contrast medium to detect imconplete filling of a vein, which indicates obstruction.
  206. cardioversion
    procedure to restore normal rhythm of the heart by applying a controlled electrical shock to the exterior of the chest
  207. embolization
    technique used to block blood flow to a site by passing a catheter to the area and injecting a synthetic material or medication specially desgined to occlude the blood vessel.
  208. sclerotherapy
    injection of a chemical irritant (sclerosing agent) into a vein to produce inflammation and fibrosis that destroys the lumen of the vein
  209. angioplasty
    procedure that alters a vessel through surgery or dilation of the vessel using a balloon catheter.
  210. coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)
    surgical procedure that uses a vessel graft from another part of the body to bypass the blocked part of a coronary artery and restore blood supply to the heart muscle.
  211. percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA)
    dilation of an occluded vessel using a balloon under fluroscopic guidance
  212. atherectomy
    removal of material from an occluded vessel using a specially designed catheter fitted with a cutting or grinding device
  213. biopsy
    removal and examination of a small piece of tissue for diagnostic purposes
  214. arterial
    removal and examination of a segment

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