PHAR 401 Medical Terms

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jgiantess
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PHAR 401 Medical Terms
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2011-11-28 14:49:09
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  1. 1) Absorption -
    passing of substances into or across tissues of the body
  2. 2) Achlorhydria –
    absence of acid that normally would be found in stomach
  3. 3) Adjunct –
    an addition or secondary treatment that would be helpful but may not be necessary for treatment of particular condition; not effective if used alone
  4. 4) Adverse effect –
    any unwanted effect produced by drug or therapy that is harmful to patient
  5. 5) Afebrile –
    absence of fever
  6. 6) Agranulocytosis –
    disease marked by a severe decrease in the number of granulocytes (one type of white blood cell) normally present in the blood also called granulocytopenia
  7. 7) Alopecia –
    loss of absence of hair from areas where it is normally present
  8. 8) Analgesic –
    medication that relieves pain
  9. 9) Anemia –
    reduction, to below normal, of hemoglobin (the oxygen carrying substance in red blood cells) in the blood
  10. 10) Anorexia –
    loss of appetite for food
  11. 11) Antitussive –
    medicine used to relieve cough
  12. 12) Arrhythmia –
    abnormal heart rhythm
  13. 13) Bradycardia –
    slow heart rate usually less than 60beats/min in adults
  14. 14) Bronchodilator –
    medicine used to open up the bronchial tubes (air passages) of the lungs to increase the flow of air through them
  15. 15) Buccal –
    relating to the cheek. A buccal medicine is taken by placing it by the cheek and gum and letting it slowly dissolve
  16. 16) Compliance –
    the extent to which a patient follows medical advice
  17. 17) Contraceptive –
    medicine or device used to prevent pregnancy
  18. 18) Contraindication –
    condition/factor that serves as reason to withhold certain tx
  19. 19) Diastolic –
    BP when heart relaxed
  20. 20) Dietary supplement –
    nutrient eaten or taken into the body in addition to the usual food
  21. 21) Diplopia –
    awareness of two images of a single object at one time; double vision
  22. 22) Diuretic –
    medicine used to increase the amount of urine produced by helping the kidneys get rid of water and salt
  23. 23) Drug interaction –
    the action of one drug upon another when taken close together; depending on the drugs and the patient’s medical condition, may be harmful to the patient
  24. 24) Dyskinesia –
    refers to abnormal involuntary movement or having difficulty in performing voluntary movement
  25. 25) Edema –
    swelling of body tissue due to accumulation of excess fluids
  26. 26) Electrolyte –
    in medical use chemicals (ions) such as bicarbonate, chloride, sodium, and potassium in body fluids and tissues. Healthy functioning of the body depends on correct amounts and balances of electrolytes
  27. 27) Emetic –
    substance that caused vomiting; used in some cases of drug overdose and poisonings
  28. 28) Enema –
    solution introduced into the rectum and colon to help empty the bowel, give nutrients or medicine, or help x-ray the lower intestines
  29. 29) Enteritis –
    inflammation of the small intestine, usually causing diarrhea
  30. 30) Expectorant –
    medicine used to help the patient cough up and expel mucus from the air passages
  31. 31) Extrapyramidal symptoms –
    movement disorders occurring with certain diseases or with use of certain drugs, including trembling and shaking of hands/fingers, twisting movements of the body, shuffling walk, and stiffness of arms/legs
  32. 32) Fibrosis –
    scarring and thickening of connective tissues causing it to tighten and become less flexible
  33. 33) Flatulence –
    excessive amount of gas in the stomach or intestine
  34. 34) Generic drug –
    refers to a medicine’s chemical name which is not protected by a trademark and can therefore be used by all manufacturers or providers of the medicine
  35. 35) Gout –
    disorder caused by uric acid in the joints and kidneys, leading to painful inflammation of the joints and kidney stones
  36. 36) Gynecomastia –
    excessive development of the breast tissue in the male
  37. 37) Hematuria –
    presence of blood or red blood cells in the urine
  38. 38) Hereditary –
    genetically passed on from parent to offspring
  39. 39) Hyperglycemia –
    abnormally high amount of glucose in the blood
  40. 40) Hypertension –
    blood pressure in the arteries ( blood vessels) that is higher than normal for the patient’s age group. Hypertension may lead to a number of serious health problems AKA high blood pressure
  41. 41) Hypoglycaemia –
    abnormally low amount of glucose in the blood
  42. 42) Hypokalemia –
    abnormally low amount of potassium in the blood
  43. 43) Incontinence –
    inability to control natural passage of urine or bowel movements
  44. 44) Insomnia –
    inability to sleep or remain asleep
  45. 45) Ischemia –
    condition caused by inadequate blood flow to a part of body; usually caused by constriction or blocking of blood vessels that supply the part of the body affected
  46. 46) Jaundice –
    yellowing of the eyes and skin due to the presence of bilirubin, a substance that may be released into the blood and tissues of patients with certain medical problems, such as hepatitis (inflammation of the liver often caused by a virus infection)
  47. 47) Lozenge –
    a dry medicated tablet or disk to be placed in the mouth and allowed to dissolve slowly also called troche
  48. 48) Malignant –
    refers to a condition, usually a cancer, that can become life threatening if untreated
  49. 49) Mineral –
    one of many elements needed in small amounts for many body functions, including blood clotting, muscle movement, and fluid balance
  50. 50) Miotic –
    medicine used in the eye that causes the pupil to constrict (become smaller)
  51. 51) Mydriatic –
    medicine used in the eye that causes the pupil to dilate (become larger)
  52. 52) Narcolepsy –
    condition in which the patient is unable to prevent himself/herself from repeatedly falling asleep, often at inappropriate times/places
  53. 53) Neuralgia –
    severe stabbing or throbbing pain along the course of one or more nerves
  54. 54) Nystagmus –
    rapid, rhythmic, involuntary movements of the eyeball; may be from side to side, up and down or around
  55. 55) Palpitation –
    rapid forceful or throbbing heart beat
  56. 56) Parenteral –
    most often refers to injecting a medicine directly into a body part (eg. Vein/muscle)
  57. 57) Phlebitis –
    inflammation of a vein often caused by a blood clot
  58. 58) Placebo –
    medicine that, unknown to the patient, has no active medicinal substance; its use may relieve or improve a condition because the patient believes it will. In some studies it may be used as a “control” against which the medicine being studied can be compared also called sugar pill
  59. 59) Polymyalgia rheumatica –
    a rheumatic disease, most common in elderly patients, which causes aching and stiffness in the shoulders and hips
  60. 60) Preservative –
    substance added to a product to destroy or prevent the growth of microorganisms
  61. 61) Priapism –
    prolonged abnormal painful erection of the penis
  62. 62) Prophylactic –
    agent or medicine used to prevent the occurrence of a specific condition
  63. 63) Psychosis –
    severe mental illness marked by loss of contact with reality, often involving delusions, hallucinations, and disordered thinking
  64. 64) Raynaud’s syndrome –
    condition caused by poor blood circulation in the hands; marked by numbness, tingling and colour change (white, blue and then red), in the fingers when they are exposed to cold
  65. 65) Relapse –
    to fall back into illness after recovery has begun or after remission
  66. 66) Reye’s syndrome –
    serious disease affecting the liver and brain that sometimes occurs after a virus infection such as influenza or chicken pox. It occurs most often in young children and teenagers (especially those who have been treated with ASA during illness.) the first sign of reye’s syndrome is usually severe prolonged vomiting.
  67. 67) Rhinitis –
    inflammation of the mucus membrane inside the nose; often caused by an infection (such as a cold) or an allergy. Symptoms include running or stuffy nose or sneezing
  68. 68) Sign –
    possible evidence of a disease or other change in condition that can be seen or measured by someone other than the person experiencing it for example, a skin rash or high blood pressure
  69. 69) Sinusitis –
    inflammation of a sinus
  70. 70) Stye –
    infection of one or more sebaceous glands of the eyelid, marked by swelling
  71. 71) Symptom –
    possible evidence of a disease or other change in condition that is apparent only to the person experiencing it for example headache
  72. 72) Syncope –
    sudden loss of consciousness due to inadequate blood flow to the brain; fainting
  73. 73) Systemic –
    having general effects throughout the body; applies to most medicines when taken by mouth or given by injection into a blood vessel or muscle
  74. 74) Systolic –
    BP when heart contracting
  75. 75) Tardive dyskinesia –
    slow, involuntary movements, often of the tongue, lips, or arms usually brought on by certain drugs
  76. 76) Tendinitis –
    inflammation of a tendon
  77. 77) Teratogenic –
    causing abnormal development in an embryo or fetus resulting in birth defects
  78. 78) Thrush –
    overgrowth of the yeast Candida in the mouth; marked by white patches on the tongue or inside the mouth
  79. 79) Tinea –
    fungus infection of the surface of the skin particularly the scalp, feet, and nails also called ringworm
  80. 80) Tinnitus –
    ringing in the ears
  81. 81) Transdermal –
    a method of applying a medicine to the skin that produces a prolonged systemic effect rather than a local effect. The medicine is contained in a special patch, disk, or ointment from which it slowly passed through the skin and is absorbed into the bloodstream, which carries it through the body
  82. 82) Trigeminal neuralgia –
    severe burning or stabbing pain along certain nerves in the face
  83. 83) Urticaria –
    an eruption of itching wheals on the skin AKA hives
  84. 84) Vertigo –
    sensation of motion, usually whirling or dizziness either of oneself or one’s surroundings
  85. 85) Vitamin –
    any of a group of substances needed in small amounts only for growth and health. Vitamins are usually found naturally in food, may also be man made
  86. 86) Water pill –
    see “diuretic”

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