Mini CPE Two

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Mini CPE Two
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2011-11-29 02:53:28
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Mini CPE Two Clinical Proficiency Exam Bel Rea
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Mini CPE Two Clinical Proficiency Exam Bel Rea
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  1. Burtorphanol
    Torbugesic ®
  2. Naloxone
    Narcan ®
  3. Epinephrine
    Adrenalin ®
  4. Carprofen
    Rimadyl ®
  5. Clindamycin Hydrochloride
    Antirobe ®
  6. Enrofloxacin
    Baytril ®
  7. Ciprofloxacin
    Cipro (R)
  8. Amoxicillin Trihydrate and Clavulanate Potassium
    Clavamox ®
  9. Ivermectin
    Heartgard ®
  10. Milbemycin Oxime
    Interceptor ®
  11. Furosemide
    Lasix ®
  12. Xylazine
    Rompun ®
  13. Deracoxib
    Deramaxx ®
  14. Ampicillin and Sulbactam
    Unasyn ®
  15. Tepoxalin
    Zubrin ®
  16. Meloxicam
    Metacam ®
  17. Fenbendazole
    Panacur ®
  18. Praziquantel
    Droncit ®
  19. Prednisolone
    Solu-Delta-Corted ®
  20. Cimetidine
    Tagamet ®
  21. Acetaminophen
    Tylenol ®
  22. Ibuprofen
    Advil/Motrin ®
  23. Diazepam
    Valium ®
  24. Glycopyrrolate
    Robinul V ®
  25. Phenylbutazone
    • Butazolidin ®
    • "Bute"
  26. Glucosamine and Chondroitin
    Cosequin ®
  27. Metronidazole
    Flagyl ®
  28. Metoclopramide
    Reglan ®
  29. Methimazole
    Tapazole ®
  30. Methylprednisolone Acetate
    Depo Medrol ®
  31. Firocoxib
    Previcox ®
  32. Famotidine
    Pepcid ®
  33. Telazol ®
    Tiletamine and zolazepam
  34. Which microscope objective is used to examine a fecal float
    10x
  35. Which microscope objective is used to examine a fecal cytology
    100x
  36. Which microscope objective is used to examine a urinary sediment final analysis
    40x
  37. Which microscope objective is used to examine a fecal direct (ID Giardia)
    40x
  38. Which microscope objective is used to examine a gram stained slide
    100x
  39. Which microscope objective is used to examine a WBC differential
    40x
  40. Which microscope objective is used to examine a RBC morphology and platelet estimate on blood smear
    100x
  41. How much oxygen does a full E tank hold?
    2000-2200 PSI
  42. Preventing pain before the onset is called __________ analgesia
    Pre-emptive analgesia
  43. A neuroleptanalgesic is a combo of ____________
    A tranquilizer and an opiod
  44. Captive turtles require what kind of light? And why?
    • Sunlight OR UV light
    • to Synthesize Vit D
  45. Snuffles
    • Respiratory infection in rabbits
    • Caused by Pasteurella multocida
  46. Cranial landmark of the abdomen
    Xiphoid Process
  47. Urinary crystal that looks like a coffin lid
    Struvite
  48. Urinary crystal that looks like a crossed square
    Calcium oxalate dihydrate
  49. Urinary crystal that looks like a thorn apple
    Ammonium Biurate crystal
  50. Urinary crystal that looks like yellow/gold needles (can be normal in canine urine)
    Bilirubin crystals
  51. Urinary crystal that looks like picket fence posts
    Hippuric Acid
  52. A fixed urine specific gravity is between ____________
    1.008 and 1.012
  53. Caudal landmark for a thorax
    Xiphoid process
  54. On a V/D abdomen, which kidney is higher?
    The right kidney is higher
  55. u100
    100u/ml
  56. u400
    400u/ml
  57. Vertebral formula for a dog
    c7 t13 l7 s3 ca3-24
  58. Vertebral formula for a horse
    c7 t18 l6 s5 ca15-21
  59. An underexposed film is too (dark/light)
    light
  60. A thoracic radiograph should be taken on (inspiration/expiration)
    Inspiration
  61. Cranial limit for a lateral abdomen
    Diaphragm
  62. Air shows up _______ on a radiograph
    black
  63. An extremity (<10cm) should be radiographed table top or bucky?
    • table top
    • (>10cm = bucky)
  64. Air is radiolucent or radiopaque?
    Radiolucent
  65. Barium is radiolucent or radiopaque?
    Radiopaque
  66. A dark radiograph is over or under exposed?
    Over
  67. Would you increase or decrease your mAs or Kvp for an under exposed radiograph?
    Increase
  68. Why are bodie cavities (>10cm) radiographed using a bucky or grid?
    To reduce excess scatter
  69. Common name for laminitis in a horse
    Founder
  70. Volvulus (intestinal volvulus producing colic)
    Obstruction caused by twisting
  71. 1 tsp
    5 cc
  72. 1 tbsp
    15 cc
  73. 1 oz
    30 cc
  74. 1 grain
    60 mg
  75. 2.2 lbs
    1 kg
  76. 5 grams
    1 tsp
  77. 15 grams
    1 tbsp
  78. 30 grams
    1 oz
  79. 20% =
    20% = 20 grams/ 100 ml
  80. 4 things a drug is used for
    • 1. treat disease
    • 2. curing disease
    • 3. diagnosis
    • 4. prevention
  81. half life
    amount of time for half of given dose to be rendered inactive or eliminated
  82. Maine route for drug elimination
    • Kidney
    • Followed by:
    • Biliary system
    • Intestines
    • Lungs
  83. definition of x-rays
    a form of electromagnetic radiation. Wavelength is shorter then visible light
  84. Two characteristics of electromagnetic radiation
    • Particles
    • Waves
  85. x-ray absorption is dependent on
    • Atomic number
    • Density of object
    • Energy of x-ray
    • (lower density needs lower energy)
  86. MPD
    • Maximum permissible dose
    • Measures the max dose a person may be exposed to in a given amount of time
  87. Absorbed dose
    • Amount of energy transmitted by decreased ionizing x-rays to matter
    • Gy *gray) or cGy (centigray)
  88. Does equivalent
    • Amount of radiation equal to the absorbed dose in the tissue
    • Sv (sievert) or Rem (Roentgen)
  89. Radiology limit
    Parts of the body that need to be visible in film
  90. Radiology landmarks
    Parts of the body that you can see or palpate to make sure the proper limits are included
  91. Thorax limits
    • Thoracic inlet
    • Diaphragm
    • Dorsal spinous processes of the thoracic vertebrae
    • Sternum
  92. Thorax landmarks
    • Manubrium
    • Xiphoid process
    • Dorsal Spinous Process of the Thoracic vertebrae
    • Sternum
  93. Abdomen limits
    • Diaphragm
    • Pelvic inlet
    • DSP of the lumbar vertebrae
    • Abdominal wall
  94. Abdomen landmarks
    • Xiphoid process
    • Wings of the ileum
    • DSP of the lumbar vertebrae
    • abdominal wall
  95. Whole body limits
    • Thoracic inlet
    • Pelvic inlet
    • DSP of thoracic or lumbar vertebrae
    • sternum or abdominal wall
  96. Whole body landmarks
    • Manubrium
    • wings of the ilium
    • DSP of the lumbar vertebrae
    • Sternum or abdominal wall
  97. Pelvis limits
    • pelvic inlet
    • ischiatic tuberosity
  98. pelvis landmarks
    • wings of the ilium
    • ischiatic tuberosity
  99. cervical spine limits
    • C1
    • C7
  100. Cervical spine landmarks
    • wings of the atlas
    • Cranial part of the dorsal tips of the scapula
  101. Thoracic spine limits
    • T1
    • T13
  102. Thoracic spine limits
    • Cranial part of the dorsal tip of the scapula
    • 13th rib
  103. Lumbar spine limits
    • L1
    • L7
  104. Lumbar spine landmarks
    • 13th rib
    • Wings of the ilium
  105. T/L junction limits
    • T11
    • L2
  106. T/L junction landmarks
    • 13th rib and count cranial 9/10
    • 13th rib and count caudal to L3
  107. 5 steps to processing film
    • 1. developing
    • 2. rinsing/stop bath
    • 3. fixing
    • 4. washing
    • 5. drying
  108. what equals mAs?
    ma X s = mAs
  109. The _____ the ma, the lower the s
    Higher
  110. 5 tissues most sensitive to radiation
    • Gonads
    • Thyroids
    • Lens of the eye
    • Skin and intestinal epithelium
    • blood-forming organs
  111. high contrast
    Black to white
  112. low contrast
    shades of grey
  113. slow speed film
    • increased detail
    • Increased radiation
    • decreased sensitivity
    • decreased crystal size
  114. Fast speed film
    • decreased detail
    • decreased radiation
    • increased sensitivity
    • increased crystal size
  115. 4 parts to a film
    • 1. base
    • 2. reflective layer
    • 3. phosphor crystal layer
    • 4. protective coat
  116. Layers of a cassette
    • cassette top
    • top padding
    • intensifying screen
    • film
    • intensifying screen
    • bottom padding
    • lead foil
    • cassette bottom
  117. 5 main object densities from least to most
    • air
    • fat
    • tissues
    • bone
    • enamel and metal
  118. An overexposed film, change _______ first
    Time
  119. An underexposed film, change ________ first
    mA
  120. New s =
    ma/new mAs
  121. new ma =
    Old s denominator X new mAs
  122. what does FVRCP stand for
    Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis, Calicivirus, Panleukopenia
  123. What does DHLPP stand for
    • Distemper
    • Hepatitis
    • Leptospirosis
    • Parvovirus
    • Parainfluenza
  124. Canine TPR
    • 101.5 +/-1 degree F
    • 70-180 BPM
    • 10-30 RPM
  125. Feline TPR
    • 101.1 +/- 1 degree F
    • 110-240 BPM
    • 20-30 RPM
  126. Active immunity
    Body produces abds in response to ags
  127. passive immunity
    abs are acquired by body, not produced
  128. structural organization (in order) of the body
    • cell
    • tissues
    • organ
    • organ system
    • organism
  129. 7 step process of virus replication
    • attachment
    • penetration
    • uncoating
    • latent period
    • virus replication
    • virus assembly
    • virus release
  130. Canine distemper
    • CDV
    • Hard pad disease
    • contagious viral disease
  131. Canine infectious hepatitis
    CAV-1
  132. Canine Parvovirus
    • CPV
    • Virus, causes acute, severe gastroenteritis in dogs
    • myocardial form that occurs in neonates 1-3 weeks old
  133. Equine TPR
    • 99-101 degrees F
    • 30-40 BPM
    • 10-20 RPM
  134. Equine dental formula
    2 (I 3/3 C 0-1/0-1 P 3-4/3 M 3/3)
  135. Equine breeding season
    Seasonally polyestrus
  136. Equine estrus length
    21 days
  137. Equine heat period
    7 days
  138. Equine gestation
    335-340 days
  139. Bovine vertebral formula
    c7 t13 l6 s5 cy18-20
  140. bovine dental formula
    2 (I0/4 C 0/0 P 3/3 M 3/3)
  141. Bovine breeding season
    Polyestrus
  142. Bovine estrus length
    21 days
  143. bovine heat period
    18 hours
  144. bovine gestation
    285 days
  145. Equine GI tract
    • lips
    • teeth
    • esophagus
    • stomach
    • Small intestine
    • Ileocecal junction
    • cecum
    • cecocolic junction
    • colon
    • ventral colon
    • pelvic flexure
    • dorsal colon
    • descending colon
    • rectum
  146. Rumen stomach
    • Reticulum (1st compartment)
    • rumen (2nd compartment)
    • Omasum (3rd compartment)
    • Abomasum (4th compartment)
    • Scapula
    • Scapulohumeral joint - shoulder
    • humerus
    • humeroradioulnar joint - elbow
    • olecranon - end of ulna
    • radius/ulna fused
    • carpus - knee
    • accessory carpal bone - LATERAL
    • metacarpal bones medial to lateral:
    • Metacarpal 2, metacarpal 3, metacarpal 4
    • Medial splint bone, cannon bone, lateral splint
    • metacarpophalangeal joint - fetlock
    • proximal sesamoid bones
    • P1 - long pastern - proximal phalanx
    • proximal interphalangeal joint - pastern
    • P2 - short pastern - middle phalanx
    • distal interphalangeal joint - coffin joint
    • P3 - distal phalanx - coffin bone

    Navicular sesamoid bones
    • Coxofemoral joint - hip
    • Femur
    • Patella
    • Femorotibial joint - stifle
    • tibia
    • tarsus - hock
    • calcaneous tuberosity - LATERAL
    • metatarsals medial to lateral:
    • 2, 3, 4
    • medial splint, cannon, lateral splint
    • Everything distal same as forelimb
  147. 3 routine equine arteries
    • Transverse facial a.
    • Submandibular a.
    • Lateral dorsal metatarsal a.
  148. equine mm
    pale pink normal
  149. equine CRT
    < or equal to 2 sec
  150. equine triangle of the neck
    • nuchal ligaments
    • cervical vertebrae
    • scapula
  151. 3 places for an equine IM injection
    • Pectorals
    • Neck triangle
    • semimembranosus/semitendinosus
  152. Anticholinergics
    • Atropine sulfate
    • Glycopyrrolate
  153. Phenothiazine tranquilizers
    Acepromazine
  154. Benzodiazepine tranquilizers
    • Diazepam
    • Midazolam
    • Zolezapam
  155. Alpha-2 agonists
    • Xylazine
    • Medetomidine
    • Dexmedetomidine
    • Detomidine
  156. Alpha-2 antagonists
    • Yohimbine
    • Atipamezole
    • Tolazoline
  157. Pure agonist opioid
    • Morphine
    • Hydromorphone
    • Oxymorphone
    • Fentanyl
  158. Mixed agonist/antagonist opioid
    Butorphanol
  159. Partial agonist opioid
    Buprenorphine
  160. Pure opioid antagonist
    Naloxone
  161. Barbiturates
    • Thiopental
    • Methohexital
  162. Cyclohexamines
    • Ketamine
    • Tiletamine
  163. Muscle relaxant
    Guaifenesin
  164. Triple drip
    • 1st Xylazine - sedation and analgesia
    • 2nd Guaifenesin - muscle relaxant
    • 3rd Ketamine - recumbency
  165. Low to high solubility inhalants
    • Sevo
    • Iso
    • Halo
    • Metho
  166. Increased MAC = _________ potent
    Decreased
  167. Low to high MAC
    • Metho
    • Halo
    • Iso
    • Sevo

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