Card Set Information
What effects does motivation have on behaviors?
motivated behavior is energized, directed and sustained
the body's tendency to maintain an equilibrium or steady state
What role does motivation play in homeostasis?
Motivation helps to maintain homeostasis
According to drive reduction theory, how does a drive develop?
a drive is an aroused state that occurs because of a psychological need
What is meant by phrase self-regulation?
the process by which an irganism effortfully controls beavior in order to pursue important objectives
What is an instinct?
an unlearned biological pattern of behavior that is assumed to be universal throughout a species
Drive reduction theory
as a drive becomes stronger, we are motivated to reduce it
How is hunger initiated and stopped?
Hunger is initiated by the contraction of the stomach which result in hunger pangs and CCK helps start the digestion of food and then travels to the brain to signal us to stop eating
How does learning influence us to eat even if we aren't hungry?
learned associations of food with particular places and times and activities allows one to eat even though they aren't hungry
Recent research on sexual patterns of behavior in the US show what?
That motivation for sexual behavior is centered in the hypothalamus
What factors are involved in determining a person's sexual orientation?
genetic, hormonal, cognitive and environmental factors
Maslow's Theory of Motivation
theory that needs must be satisifed in order of the strength of the need. physiological needs, safety, love and belongingness, esteem, self actualization
based on internal factors such as organismic needs (competence, relatedness, and autonomy) as well as curiosity, challenge, and fun. we engage in these behaviors because we enjoy them
involves external incentives such as rewards and punishments. we engage in the behavior for some external payoff or to avoid an external punishment
Research on delayed gratification indicates that the best way to resist temptation is...
to distract yourself from whatever is tempting you for as long as possible
James Lange theory of emotions
emotion results from physiological states triggered by stimuli in the environment
proposition that emotion and physiological reactions occur simultaneously
Facial feedback hypothesis
idea that facial expressions can influence emotions as well as reflect them
Richard Lazarus's position on emotion regarding thought and emotion
he believed cognitive activity preceded emotion. we appraise ourselves and those appraisals determineour emotions
refers to whether an emotion feels pleaseant or unpleasant
the degree to which the emotion is reflected in an individual's being active, engaged or excited versus more passive, relativly disengaged or calm
When comparing a highly resilient individual to a less
resilient individual, what might you expect regarding the experience of emotion?
highly resilient individuals use positive emotions to bounce back from negative emotional experiences