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2011-11-29 22:28:36

tri 1 final study guide
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  1. Observation
    • noun
    • act or instance of noticing or perceiving.
    • act or instance of regarding attentively or watching.
    • 3.the faculty or habit of observing or noticing.
    • 4.notice: to escape a person's observation.
    • act or instance of viewing or noting a fact or occurrence for somescientific or other special purpose: the observation of blood pressureunder stress.
  2. Interpretation
    • noun
    • 1.the act of interpreting; elucidation; explication: This writer's workdemands interpretation.
    • explanation of the meaning of another's artistic or creative work;an elucidation: an interpretation of a poem. 3.a conception of another's behavior: a charitable interpretation of histactlessness.
    • 4.a way of interpreting.
    • 5.the rendering of a dramatic part, music, etc., so as to bring out themeaning, or to indicate one's particular conception of it.
  3. Sense
    • noun
    • 1.any of the faculties, as sight, hearing, smell, taste, or touch, bywhich humans and animals perceive stimuli originating from outside orinside the body.
    • 2.these faculties collectively.
    • 3.their operation or function; sensation.
    • 4.a feeling or perception produced through the organs of touch, taste,etc., or resulting from a particular condition of some part of the body:to have a sense of cold.
    • 5.a faculty or function of the mind analogous to sensation: the moralsense.
  4. Problem
    • noun
    • 1.any question or matter involving doubt, uncertainty, or difficulty.
    • 2.a question proposed for solution or discussion.
    • 3.Mathematics . a statement requiring a solution, usually by means of amathematical operation or geometric construction.
  5. Question
    • noun
    • 1.a sentence in an interrogative form, addressed to someone in order toget information in reply.
    • 2.a problem for discussion or under discussion; a matter forinvestigation.
    • 3.a matter of some uncertainty or difficulty; problem (usually followedby of ): It was simply a question of time.
    • 4.a subject of dispute or controversy.
    • 5.a proposal to be debated or voted on, as in a meeting or a deliberativeassembly.
  6. Hypothesis
    • noun
    • 1.a proposition, or set of propositions, set forth as an explanation for theoccurrence of some specified group of phenomena, either assertedmerely as a provisional conjecture to guide investigation (workinghypothesis) or accepted as highly probable in the light ofestablished facts.
    • 2.a proposition assumed as a premise in an argument.
    • 3.the antecedent of a conditional proposition.
    • 4.a mere assumption or guess.
  7. Experimentation
    • noun
    • the act, process, practice, or an instance of making experiments.
  8. Conclusion
    • noun
    • 1.the end or close; final part.
    • 2.the last main division of a discourse, usually containing a summing upof the points and a statement of opinion or decisions reached.
    • 3.a result, issue, or outcome; settlement or arrangement: The restitutionpayment was one of the conclusions of the negotiations.
    • decision: The judge has reached his conclusion.
    • 5.a reasoned deduction or inference.
  9. Lab Design/Report
    • noun
    • account or statement describing in detail an event, situation, or thelike, usually as the result of observation, inquiry, etc.: a report on thepeace conference; a medical report on the patient.
    • 2.a statement or announcement.
    • 3.a widely circulated statement or item of news; rumor; gossip.
    • account of a speech, debate, meeting, etc., especially as takendown for publication.
    • 5.a loud noise, as from an explosion: the report of a distant cannon.
  10. Purpose
    • noun
    • 1.the reason for which something exists or is done, made, used, etc.
    • intended or desired result; end; aim; goal.
    • 3.determination; resoluteness.
    • 4.the subject in hand; the point at issue.
    • 5.practical result, effect, or advantage: to act to good purpose.
  11. Background
    • noun
    • 1.the ground or parts, as of a scene, situated in the rear ( opposed toforeground).
    • 2.Fine Arts .a.the part of a painted or carved surface against which representedobjects and forms are perceived or depicted: a portrait against apurple background.b.the part of an image represented as being at maximum distancefrom the frontal plane.
    •'s origin, education, experience, etc., in relation to one's presentcharacter, status, etc.
    • 4.the social, historical, and other antecedents or causes of an event orcondition: the background of the war.
    • 5.the complex of physical, cultural, and psychological factors that servesas the environment of an event or experience; the set of conditionsagainst which an occurrence is perceived.
  12. Procedure
    • noun
    • act or a manner of proceeding in any action or process; conduct.
    • 2.a particular course or mode of action.
    • 3.any given mode of conducting legal, parliamentary, or other business,especially litigation and judicial proceedings.
    • 4.Computers .a.the sequence of actions or instructions to be followed in solving aproblem or accomplishing a task.b.Also called subprogram. a group of statements that may beused at one or more points in a computer program.
  13. Data
    • noun
    • 1.a plural of datum.
    • 2.( used with a plural verb ) individual facts, statistics, or items ofinformation: These data represent the results of our analyses. Data areentered by terminal for immediate processing by the computer.
    • 3.( used with a singular verb ) a body of facts; information: Additionaldata is available from the president of the firm.
  14. Analysis
    • noun
    • 1.the separating of any material or abstract entity into its constituentelements ( opposed to synthesis).
    • 2.this process as a method of studying the nature of something or ofdetermining its essential features and their relations: the grammaticalanalysis of a sentence.
    • 3.a presentation, usually in writing, of the results of this process: Thepaper published an analysis of the political situation.
    • 4.a philosophical method of exhibiting complex concepts or propositionsas compounds or functions of more basic ones.
    • 5.Mathematics investigation based on the properties of numbers.b.the discussion of a problem by algebra, as opposed to geometry.c.the branch of mathematics consisting of calculus and its higherdevelopments.d.a system of calculation, as combinatorial analysis or vector analysis.e.a method of proving a proposition by assuming the result andworking backward to something that is known to be true.Compare synthesis ( def. 4 ) .
  15. Base unit
    • 1=1
    • noun Physics .one of the units, as mass, length, time, or electric current, taken as a basisfor a system of units in the sciences.
  16. Liter
    • noun
    • a unit of capacity redefined in 1964 by a reduction of 28 parts in a million tobe exactly equal to one cubic decimeter. It is equivalent to 1.0567 U.S. liquidquarts and is equal to the volume of one kilogram of distilled water at 4°C.
  17. Meter
    • noun
    • the fundamental unit of length in the metric system, equivalent to 39.37 U.S.inches, originally intended to be, and being very nearly, equal to one ten-millionth of the distance from the equator to the pole measured on ameridian: defined from 1889 to 1960 as the distance between two lines on aplatinum-iridium bar (the “International Prototype Meter”) preserved at theInternational Bureau of Weights and Measures near Paris; from 1960 to 1983defined as 1,650,763.73 wavelengths of the orange-red radiation of krypton86 under specified conditions; and now defined as 1 / 299,792,458 of thedistance light travels in a vacuum in one second.
    • Abbreviation: m
  18. Gram
    • nouna metric unit of mass or weight equal to 15.432 grains; one thousandth of akilogram.
    • Abbreviation: g
  19. Second
    • adjective
    • after the first; being the ordinal number for two.
    • 2.being the latter of two equal parts.
    • after the first in place, time, or value: the second house from thecorner.
    • after the first in rank, grade, degree, status, or importance: thesecond person in the company.
    • 5.alternate: I have my hair cut every second week.
  20. Celsius
    • adjective
    • after the first; being the ordinal number for two.
    • 2.being the latter of two equal parts.
    • after the first in place, time, or value: the second house from thecorner.
    • after the first in rank, grade, degree, status, or importance: thesecond person in the company.
    • 5.alternate: I have my hair cut every second week.
  21. Kilo-
    • kilo- a Greek combining form meaning “thousand,” introduced from French in thenomenclature of the metric system ( kiloliter ); on this model, used in theformation of compound words in other scientific measurements ( kilowatt ).
    • 1=1000
  22. Hecto-
    • hecto- a combining form meaning “hundred,” used in the formation of compoundwords: hectograph; hectogram.
    • 1=100
  23. Deca-
    • deca- a combining form meaning “ten,” used in the formation of compound words:decapod.
    • 1=10
  24. Deci-
    • deci- a combining form meaning “tenth,” used in words denoting units of the metric system ( deciliter ); on this model, extended to other systems ( decibel ).
    • 1=0.1
  25. Centi-
    • centi- a combining form meaning “hundredth” or “hundred,” used in the formationof compound words: centiliter; centimeter; centipede.
    • 1=0.01
  26. Milli-
    • milli- a combining form meaning “thousand” ( millipede ): in the metric system,used in the names of units equal to one thousandth of the given base unit (millimeter ).
    • 1=0.001
  27. Metric Slide
    Milli Centi Deci Base Deca Hecto Kilo
  28. Volume
    • noun
    • 1.a collection of written or printed sheets bound together and constitutinga book.
    • book of a related set or series.
    • 3.a set of issues of a periodical, often covering one year.
    • 4.History/Historical . a roll of papyrus, parchment, or the like, or ofmanuscript.
    • 5.the amount of space, measured in cubic units, that an object orsubstance occupies.
  29. Area
    • noun
    • 1.any particular extent of space or surface; part: the dark areas in thepainting; the dusty area of the room.
    • 2.a geographical region; tract: the Chicago area; the unsettled areas alongthe frontier.
    • 3.any section reserved for a specific function: the business area of atown; the dining area of a house.
    • 4.extent, range, or scope: inquiries that embrace the whole area ofscience.
    • 5.field of study, or a branch of a field of study: Related areas of inquiryoften reflect borrowed notions.
  30. Density
    • noun
    • 1.the state or quality of being dense; compactness; closely set orcrowded condition.
    • 2.stupidity; slow-wittedness; obtuseness.
    • 3.the number of inhabitants, dwellings, or the like, per unit area: Thecommissioner noted that the population density of certain city blocks hadfallen dramatically.
    • 4.Physics . mass per unit volume.
    • 5.Electricity .a.the quantity of electricity per unit of volume at a point in space,or the quantity per unit of area at a point on a surface.b.current density.
  31. Area of Circle
    Area of Circle = πr2
  32. Area of Box
    Area of Box = L*W
  33. Volume of Box
    Volume of Box = L*H*W
  34. Direct linear line
    • B=A*C
  35. Indirect linear line
    • B=(1/2)A*C
  36. Exponential line
    • B=2A*C
  37. Hooke's Law
    • noun Physics
    • the law stating that the stress on a solid substance is directly proportional tothe strain produced, provided the stress is less than the elastic limit of thesubstance.
  38. Boyle's Law
    • noun Thermodynamics
    • the principle that, for relatively low pressures, the pressure of an ideal gaskept at constant temperature varies inversely with the volume of the gas.
  39. Charles Law
    • noun Thermodynamics
    • Gay-Lussac's law.
    • the principle that, for relatively low pressures, the density of an ideal gas atconstant pressure varies inversely with the absolute temperature of the gas.
  40. Composition
    • noun
    • 1.the act of combining parts or elements to form a whole.
    • 2.the resulting state or product.
    • 3.manner of being composed; structure: This painting has an orderlycomposition.
    •; constitution: His moral composition was impeccable.
    • aggregate material formed from two or more substances: acomposition of silver and tin.
  41. Major Gases
    • make up most of earths atmosphere
    • Nitrogen (N2) - 780,840 ppmv (78.084%)
    • Oxygen (O2) - 209,460 ppmv (20.946%)
    • Argon (Ar) - 9,340 ppmv (0.9340%)
    • Carbon dioxide - (CO2)390 ppmv (0.039%)
  42. Minor Gases
    make up less than 1% of earths atmosphere
  43. Nitrogen
    780,840 ppmv (78.084% of earths atmosphere)
  44. Argon
    9,340 ppmv (0.9340% of earths atmosphere)
  45. Oxygen
    209,460 ppmv (20.946% of earths atmosphere)
  46. Carbon Dioxide
    390 ppmv (0.039% of earths atmosphere)
  47. Helium
    5.24 ppmv (0.000524% of earths atmosphere)
  48. Methane
    1.79 ppmv (0.000179% of earths atmosphere)
  49. Neon
    18.18 ppmv (0.001818% of earths atmosphere)
  50. Greenhouse Gas
    • noun
    • any of the gases whose absorption of solar radiation is responsible for thegreenhouse effect, including carbon dioxide, methane, ozone, and thefluorocarbons.