Drugs Part One

Card Set Information

Author:
emtaglover
ID:
119584
Filename:
Drugs Part One
Updated:
2011-11-29 15:03:08
Tags:
Paramedic
Folders:

Description:
Part One Quiz
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user emtaglover on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. 1 mg of 1:10,000 IV- 3 to 5 minutes
    (ET 2-2.5 mg of 1:1,000)
    • Epinephrine (Adrenalin)
    • Arrest: Adult Dose
  2. 0.01 mg/kg of 1:10,000 IV / IO- 3 to 5 min.
    (ET 0.1 mg/kg of 1:1000)
    **All subsequent doses 0.1 mg/kg IV / IO
    • Epinephrine (Adrenalin)
    • Arrest: Pediatric Dose
  3. 0.3 to 0.5 mg of 1;1, SQ / IM 5-15 minutes as needed
    or
    0.5 mg of 1:1,000 IV if SQ dose ineffective or severe reaction.
    • Epinephrine (Adrenalin)
    • Allergic Reaction: Adult Dose
  4. 0.01 mg/kg of 1:1,000 SQ- 10 to 15 minutes
    or
    0.01 mg/kg of 1:10,000 IV if SQ dose is ineffective or severe.
    • Epinephrine (Adrenalin)
    • Allergic Reaction: Pediatric Dose
  5. 6 mg rapidly (over 1 to 3 seconds) IV,
    then flush line rapidly with saline.
    If ineffective, 12 mg in 1 to 2 minutes, may be repeated.
    • Adenosine (Adenocard)
    • Adult Dose
  6. 0.1 mg/kg to a maximum of 6 mg (rapidly) IV
    followed by rapid saline flush,
    then 0.2 mg/kg in 1 to 2 minutes maximum 2nd dose of 12 mg.
    • Adenosine (Adenocard)
    • Pediatric Dose
  7. 1 to 1.5 mg/kg IV / IO repeated at 0.5 to 0.75 mg every 5 to 10 minutes up to 3 mg/kg,
    follow conversion with a drip of 1 to 4 mg/min.
    • Lidocaine (Xylocaine)
    • Cardiac Arrest: Adult Dose
  8. 1 mg/kg rapid IV / IO, to 100 mg, follow conversion with a drip of 20 to 50 mcg/kg/min.
    • Lidocaine (Xylocaine)
    • Cardiac Arrest: Pediatric Dose
  9. 0.5 to 1.5 mg/kg SLOW IV.
    May repeat at one-half dose every 5 to 10 minutes until conversion up to 3 mg/kg.
    Follow with an infusion of 1 to 4 mg/min.
    • Lidocaine (Xylocaine)
    • Ventricular Tachycardia: Adult Dose
  10. 1 mg/kg, followed by a drip at 20 to 50 mcg/kg/min.
    • Lidocaine (Xylocaine)
    • Ventricular Tachycardia: Pediatric Dose
  11. 1 mg IV / IO every 3 to 5 minutes (maximum 3 doses)
    • Atropine
    • Asystole/PEA
  12. 0.5 mg IV Repeat 3 to 5 minutes to 3 mg.
    • Atropine
    • Symptomatic Bradycardia: Adult Dose
  13. 0.02 mg/kg IV, 0.03 mg/kg ET
    may double and repeat IV dose in 5 minutes up to 1 mg.
    • Atropine
    • Symptomatic Bradycardia: Pediatric Dose
  14. 1 mg x 2
    • Atropine
    • Symptomatic Bradycardia: Adolescent Dose
  15. 2 to 5 mg IV / IM / IO 10 to 15 minutes.
    • Atropine
    • Organophosphate poisoning: Adult Dose
  16. 0.05 mg/kg IV / IM / IO 10 to 15 minutes.
    • Atropine
    • Organophosphate poisoning: Pediatric Dose
  17. 150 to 300 mg IV over 10 minutes,
    then 1 mg/min. over next hours.
    • Amiodarone (Cordarone & Pacerone)
    • Adult Dose
  18. 5 mg/kg IV / IO,
    then repeat up to 15 mg/kg.
    • Amiodarone (Cordarone & Pacerone)
    • Pediatric Dose
  19. 0.25 mg/kg IV over 2 minutes,
    may repeat in 15 minutes with 0.35 mg/kg followed
    by an hour NOT to exceed 15 mg/hr over 24 hours.
    • Diltiazem (Cardizem)
    • Adult Dose
  20. Calcium Channel Blocker
    Diltiazem (Cardizem) Class
  21. Antidysrhythmic
    Amiodarone (Cordarone & Pacerone) Class
  22. Parasympatholytic
    Atropine Class
  23. Antidysrhythmic
    Lidocaine (Xylocaine) Class
  24. Antidysrhythmic
    Adenosine (Adenocard) Class
  25. Sympathomimetic
    Epinephrine (Adrenalin) Class
  26. Epinephrine (Adrenalin) Precautions
    • Elderly
    • Debilitated patients
    • HTN
    • Diabetes
    • Hyperthyroidism
    • Parkinson's Disease
    • TB
    • Asthma
    • Emphysema
    • Kids less than 6 years old
  27. Adenosine (Adenocard) Precautions
    • It may cause transient dysrhythmias
    • COPD
  28. Lidocaine (Xylocaine) Precautions
    • Hepatic or Renal Impairment
    • CHF
    • Hypoxia
    • Respiratory depression
    • Hypovolemia
    • Myasthenia Gravis
    • Shock
    • Debilitated patients
    • Elderly
    • Family Hx of malignant hypothermia
  29. Diltiazem (Cardizem) Precautions
    • CHF (especially with beta blockers)
    • Conduction abnormalities
    • Renal or Hepatic Impairment
    • Elderly
    • Nursing mothers
  30. Amiodarone (Cordarone & Pacerone) Precautions
    • Hepatic Impairment
    • Pregnancy
    • Nursing mothers
    • Children
  31. Atropine Precautions
    • Acute Myocardial Infarction
    • Glaucoma
  32. Atropine Contraindications
    None in emergency setting.
  33. Amiodarone (Cordarone & Pacerone) Contraindications
    • Hypersensitivity
    • Cardiogenic Shock
    • Severe Sinus Bradycardia
    • Advanced Heart Block
  34. Diltiazem (Cardizem) Contraindications
    • Hypersensitivity
    • Sick Sinus Syndrome
    • 2nd & 3rd-degree Heart Blocks
    • Systolic less than 90
    • Diastolic less than 60
    • Wide Complex Tachycardia
    • WPW
  35. Lidocaine (Xylocaine) Contraindications
    • Hypersensitivity to amide-type local anesthetics
    • Supraventricular dysrhythmias
    • Stokes-Adams Syndrome
    • 2nd & 3rd-degree Heart Blocks
    • Bradycardias
  36. Adenosine (Adenocard) Contraindications
    • Hypersensitivity
    • 2nd & 3rd-degree Heart Block
    • Sinus Node Disease
    • Asthma
  37. Epinephrine (Adrenalin) Contraindications
    • Hypersensitivity to sympathomimetic amines
    • Narrow Angle Glaucoma
    • Hemmorrhagic
    • Traumatic
    • Cardiac Shock
    • Coronary Insufficiency
    • Dysrhythmias
    • Organic Brain or Heart Disease
    • During Labor
  38. Epinephrine (Adrenalin) Indications
    • To restore rhythm in cardiac arrest
    • Sever allergic reactions
  39. Adenosine (Adenocard) Indications
    Narrow, complex supraventricular tachycardia refractory to vagal maneuvers.
  40. Lidocaine (Xylocaine) Indications
    • Pulseless Ventricular Tachycardia
    • Ventricular Fibrillation
    • Ventricular Tachycardia (w/pulse)
  41. Diltiazem (Cardizem) Indications
    • Supraventricular Tachydysrhythmias:
    • - Atrial Fibrillation
    • - Atrial Flutter
    • - PVST refractory to Adenosine
    • To increase artery perfusion in angina.
  42. Amiodarone (Cordarone & Pacerone) Indications
    Life-threatening recurrent ventricular & supraventricular dysrhythmias that have not responded to other antidysrhythmic agents.
  43. Atropine Contraindications
    • Hemodynamically Significant Bradycardia
    • Bradyasystolic Arrest
    • Organophosphate Poisoning
  44. Atropine Description
    • Blocks the parasympathetic nervous system, specifically the vagal effects on the heart rate.
    • It does NOT increase contractility but may increase myocardial oxygen demand.
    • Decreases Airway Secretions
  45. Amiodarone (Cordarone & Pacerone) Description
    Is an antidysrhythmic that prolongs the duration of the action potential & refractory period and relaxes smooth muscles, reducing peripheral vascular resistance and increasing coronary blood flow.
  46. Diltiazem (Cardizem) Description
    • Is a SLOW calcium channel blocker, similar to Verapamil.
    • It dilates coronary and peripheral arteries and arterioles thus increasing circulation to the heart and reducing peripheral vascular resistance.
  47. Lidocaine (Xylocaine) Description
    • Is an antidysrhythmic that suppresses automaticity and raises stimulation threshold of the ventricles.
    • It also causes sedation, anticonvulsant, and analgesic effects.
  48. Adenosine (Adenocard) Description
    • A naturally occuring agent that can "chemically cardiovert" PSVT to a normal sinus rhythm.
    • It has a half-life of 10 seconds and does NOT cause hypotension.
  49. Epinephrine (Adrenalin) Description
    • Is a naturally occuring catecholamine that increases heart rate, cardiac contractile force myocardial electrical activity, systemic vascular resistance, and systolic BP and decreases overall airway resistance and automaticity.
    • It also, through bronchial artery constriction may reduce pulmonary congestion and increase tidal volume and vital capacity.

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview