Chapter 7 - Physical Therapy

The flashcards below were created by user burkleyjensen on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. What is one contraindication for using heat?
    Injuries within 48 hours. If there is active swelling you shouldn't use heat.
  2. WHat are 3 indications for use of ultrasound for injuries?
    • 1. Edema
    • 2. Pain
    • 3. Adhesions/scar tissue.
  3. What are the contraindications to TENS unit?
    Contraindications: Pacemakers and Pregnancy

    • Stands for:
    • Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
    • -A pocket size, battery-operated device that provides mild, continuous electrical current through the skin by using 2 to 4 electrodes

    -High TENS (100-500Hz) relieves pain by blocking pain fibers and is used up to 24 hrs/day because when the unit is turned off the pain cycle often returns.

    -Low TENS (1-50Hz) relieves pain by endorphin release, and due to the 4 hour 1/2 life of endorphins need only be used 15-30 min at a time.
  4. When can you use iontophoresis
    Usually used for such things as topical anesthetics, antiinflammatories and muscle relaxants
  5. Compare Isometric to Isotonic to Isokinetic contraction.
    • Isometric contraction:
    • Static contraction- muscle contraction that is not associated with joint motion or change in muscle length. Can be performed in a cast.

    • Isotonic contraction:
    • Dynamic contraction - muscle contraction with associated joint motion and change in muscle length, either eccentric or concentric.
    • Eccentric contraction: muscle contraction in which the muscle lengthens while contracting. Contraction force of muscle is against an overpowering weight resistance
    • Concentric contraction: Where a weight is lifted with the force of muscle contraction

    Isokinetic contraction: contraction at a constant velocity at all ranges of motion by using a machine with an accommodating resistance.
Card Set:
Chapter 7 - Physical Therapy
2011-11-29 20:02:45
Podiatry boards II

Pocket Podiatrics chapter -7
Show Answers: