Chapter 7 Review
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the two divisions of the skeleton are the __ skeleton and the __ skeleton.
The __ bone supports the tongue.
The __ at the inferior end of the sacrum is composed of several fused vertebrae.
The ribs are attached to the __ posteriorly and to the __ anteriorly.
The thoracic cage is composed of __ pairs of ribs.
The scapulae and clavicles together form the __.
The __, __, and __ articulate to form the elbow joint.
The wrist is compsed of eight bones called __.
The coxal bones are attached posteriorly to the __ and are attached anteriorly to __.
The pelvic girdle (__), sacrum and coccyx together form the __.
The __ covers the anterior surface of the knee.
the bones that articulate with the distal ends of the tibia and fibula are __.
All finger and toe bones are called __.
Expanded ends of bones that form joints with adjacent bones are called __.
The shaft of a long bone is the __.
A tough layer of vascular connective tissue, called the __, covers the bone (except for the __) and is continuous with tendons and ligaments.
- articular cartilage
__ makes up the walls of the diaphysis; the epiphyses are filled with __ to reduce the weight of the skeleton.
The diaphysis contains a hollow __ that is lined with __ and filled with __.
- medullary cavity
Mature bone cells, called __, are located within lacunae thta lie in concentric circles.
__ contain blood vessels and nerve fibers and extend longitudinally through bone.
Bone cells pass nutrients and gases in the matrix through __.
Osteonic canals are interconnected by transverse __.
The flat boones of the skull form as __ that develop from layers of connective tissue; wherease, most bones of the skeleton are __ that develop from a hyaline cartilage model.
- intramembranous bones
- endochondral bones
A band of hyaline cartilage called the __ forms between the two ossification centers and is responsible for the lengthening of bones.
__ break down the calcified matrix of bone and are replaced with bone building cells called __ that deposit bone in place of calcified cartilage.
True or false:
Bony processes or grooves indicate places of attachment for muscles.
TRue or False:
The intercellular material in spongy bone is arranged in concentric circles called osteons.
false: compact bone not spongy
True or False:
Each bone is made up of several types of tissues and is therefore considered an organ.
The skull is composed of the __ and __.
cranium and facial bones
Near the distal end of the vertebral column, several vertebrae fuse to form the __. At the end of this is the __.
The thoracic cage protects the organs of the thoracic cavity and the uppper abdominal cavity. It is composed of __ pairs of ribs, which articulate posteriorly to the __. The thoracic cage also includes the __ to which most of the ribs attach anteriorly.
- thoracic vertebrae
At the distal end of the radius and ulna is the __, which includes __ bones and __ and __.
- eight carpal
- 5 metacarpals
- 14 bones of the fingers called phalanges
Two __ form the pelvic girdle and are attached to __ anteriorly and to the __ posteriorly.
- coxal bones
- each other
At the distal ends of the tibia and fibula is the __, which includes __, __ and __.
- seven tarsals
- five metatarsals
- 14 bones called phalanges
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