Card Set Information

2012-03-11 22:58:48

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  1. A benign tumor is
    • A benign tumor is not life-threatening, but this is only one of two correct descriptions presented here
    • A benign tumor is a neoplasm, but this is only one of two correct descriptions presented here.
  2. Dental assistants should be immunized against
    • Hepatitis B and tetanus are both important immunizations for dental assistants.
    • Hepatitis B and tetanus are both important immunizations for dental assistants
  3. T or F: Arrested Caries is decay whose progress has been stopped either by the body’s defense mechanism or through outside intervention.
  4. A broad term for abnormal tissues in the oral cavity is
  5. The _____ is made up of the structures that surround, support, and are attached to the teeth
  6. Chronic Inflammation is a slow, __________ process that may result in __________ tissue damage
    ongoing ... permanent
  7. An oral habit consisting of involuntary gnashing, grinding, and clenching of the teeth is _____.
  8. One part per million (ppm) of fluoride is approximately equivalent to one drop of fluoride in a _____ of water
  9. The cusp of Carabelli is found on the
    maxillary first molars
  10. The major effects of water fluoridation have been proven to be
  11. Acute Inflammation is the immediate and __________ protective response of the body to physical injury or invasion of pathogenic organisms
  12. Who originated the title of “surgeon dentist” and dispelled the theory that tooth decay was caused by tooth worms?
    Pierre Fauchard
  13. What type of microorganism can live and multiply only inside an appropriate host cell?
  14. To avoid spreading bacteria that cause caries in a baby, a parent should not put anything into the baby’s mouth
    that has been in his or her own mouth
  15. The Dr. Samuel D. Harris National Museum of Dentistry is located in
  16. _____ cannot be removed by the patient and must be removed by the dentist or the dental hygienist with scaling instruments
  17. Dental professionals generally recommend that patients use _____ toothbrushes
  18. Dissolution of calcium and phosphate from hydroxyapatite crystals is called
  19. Permanent maxillary molars have _____ roots
  20. Smokeless tobacco is associated with
    an increased incidence of tooth loss from periodontal disease
  21. As a dental assistant, your first step as a partner in prevention with your patients is to
    help patients understand what causes dental disease and how to prevent it
  22. Periodontitis is differentiated from gingivitis by
    loss of attachment
  23. The caries process requires a susceptible tooth, a diet rich in _____, and _____.
    fermentable carbohydrates; specific bacteria
  24. The goal of preventive dentistry is to
    help people of all ages to have the maximum oral health possible, throughout their lives
  25. The carious lesions found frequently in elderly patients are
    root caries
  26. The _____ are the longest teeth in the permanent dentition and are known as the cornerstone of the dental arches
  27. The condition known as _____ refers to any teeth in excess of the 32 normal permanent teeth
    supernumerary teeth
  28. Foods that cause caries are known as
  29. T or F:A-delta nerve fibers have a low threshold of pain
  30. The specific group(s) of bacteria responsible for dental caries is/are
    • Lactobacilli, as well as mutans streptococci, are the bacteria mainly responsible for dental caries.
    • Mutans streptococci, as well as lactobacilli, are the bacteria mainly responsible for dental caries
  31. Oral candidiasis is an opportunistic infection caused by
  32. Bacteria that require oxygen in order to grow are called
  33. Microorganisms that produce disease in humans are known as
  34. Dental caries cannot occur without _____.
    • Dietary sugar is one of two elements that must be present for development of dental caries.
    • The presence of specific bacteria in the mouth is one of two elements that must occur for development of dental caries.
  35. A condition characterized by abnormally large jaws is
  36. A general term that literally means “white patch” is
  37. T OR F:The majority of dental emergencies are associated either with the dental pulp or the periodontal tissue
  38. The “Grand Old Man of Dentistry” was
    G.V. Black
  39. T OR F: C-type nerve fibers produces a type of pain that is dull, throbbing, and remain after stimuli is removed
  40. _____ is a soft mass of bacterial deposits that covers the tooth surface
  41. The goal of a plaque control program is to thoroughly remove plaque at least _____ a day.
  42. The common term for an aphthous ulcer is
    canker sore
  43. Which of the following are characteristics of gingivitis?
    inflammation of gingival tissue
  44. Patients should be cautioned about abnormal _____ of tooth structure over time, caused by vigorously scrubbing the teeth with any toothbrush
  45. Which infectious disease is a leading cause of death worldwide and is an occupational risk for healthcare workers?
  46. The caries process can be slowed or prevented by
    using fluoride
  47. Which of the following adult teeth is nonsuccedaneous?
    mandibular left second molar

  48. The disease that breaks down the body’s immune system and that is transmitted through bloodborne contact is
  49. The leading cause of tooth loss in adults is
    periodontal disease
  50. T OR F: Root Caries is decay that occurs on root surfaces that are totally encased in bone
  51. The most resistant form of life known is
  52. Antibiotics are ineffective in treating disease caused by
    viral infections
  53. Fluoride that is ingested in water, food, beverages, or supplements is known as
    systemic fluoride
  54. A condition that results from chronic overexposure to fluoride is known as
  55. The rounded enamel extensions on the incisal ridge of newly erupted central and lateral incisors are called
  56. The physicist who discovered x-rays in 1895 was
    Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen
  57. Since the 1950s, _____ has been the primary weapon in combatting dental caries
  58. Myelinated
    Low threshold
    Pain stops when stimuli is removed
    Pain is quick, sharp, momentary

  59. High threshold

    Pain can be spontaneous

    Involves an inflammatory response within the pulp

    Pain is dull, throbbing, remains after stimuli removed
  60. Pulp tissue is destroyed.
    Can occur from untreated irreversible pulpitis
    Thermal stimuli causes quick, sharp, hypersensitive response that subsides within seconds after stimuli is removed

    Not sensitive to percussion or palpation
  61. Pain lingering once stimulated
    Irreversible pulpitis
  62. Remove cause, pulp heals, symptoms subside
    Cause related
    • Reversible Pulpitis
  63. Asymptomatic

    Not sensitive to percussion or palpation