Theatre Forms Exam Review

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  1. What is the essential relationship in the theatre?
    The actor and audience
  2. What is the difference between theatre as entertainment and theatre as art?
    • Theatre as entertainment is mostly about money and doing shows that the majority will like and enjoy
    • theatre as art is more about getting a message across to the audience.
  3. Why is theatre valuable
    • it is an educational tool
    • it is a tool for social change
    • it helps us understand the human condition
  4. Arena Stage
    type of theatre with audience sitting on all sides of performance space
  5. Thrust stage
    type of theatre with audience sitting on 3 or 2 sides of a raised platform
  6. proscenium stage
    the audience is separated from the stage; proscenium arch frames the stage like a picture frame (the way movie theaters are set up)
  7. flexible space
    aka black box; smaller space, do not have permenant seating arangements or a permanate stage.
  8. Greek theatre
    • Masks.
    • 3 actors and a chorus
    • plays written for the gods.
    • chorus recaps the play because it is hard to hear. chorus is one character and is kind of like the narrarator.
  9. roman theatre
    • to honor gods
    • used theatre as propoganda to distract people from problems like war
    • blood sport; romans like violence.
    • women allowed but they were usually slaves and prostitutes
    • theaters not built into the hillside
  10. medieval drama: professional theatre in England, France, and Italy
    theatre is no longer mainly religious. in order to survive must please the public and become more geared toward entertainment

    • Shakespeare:
    • is not bound by laws of the church but still has to write plays that please the queen and the public to be able to make money

    first to mix tragedy and comedy

    Moliere: had to work under the rules of neoclassic ideas (unity of time place and action)

    set the standard for comedy throughout history
  11. French neoclassical Ideal
    • unity of time place and action
    • one consistant time, 1 location, and 1 plot, no breaks
    • tragedy and comedy cant mix
    • tragedy is only about nobility, comedy is only about middle and lower class
    • poetic justice; punish the wicked, reward the good
  12. Realism
    • honest portrayal of man in action
    • real people overcoming the odds; basic humanity
    • everyman theatre, not elitist
    • realistic conflicts and personal social issues like marriage, drugs, etc
  13. symbolism
    • rejected realism altogether
    • truth can only be hinted at thru symbols that evoke feelings and states of mind
    • scenery was suggested thru the use of drops or draperies
    • actors chant lines and use unnatural gestures
  14. futurism
    • viewed the speed and energy of the machine age as key to an enlightened future
    • advocated simultaneity and multiple focus
    • sought confrontation with audience
    • wanted to compress (synthesize) into a moment the essence of a full-length play
  15. dada
    • the world is a nonsensical place so theatre should be nonsensical
    • deliberately provoke audience
    • art example: the urinal. here's a picture of a urinal and I'm calling it art
  16. expressionism
    • reaction to the war
    • negative reaction toward materialism and industrialism
    • society keeping man down
    • distorted scenery
    • episoic and representative plays
  17. federal theatre project
    • government began to subsidize theatres
    • during the depression. not everyone could afford newspapers. use tableus to act out the news of the day
    • very political
  18. epic theatre and alienation effect
    • invented by Bertolt Brecht
    • alienation effect: distancing the audience from the action so they can view the play critically
    • episodic scenes
    • half curtain, visable hardware, scaffleding, unfinished feel
  19. theatre of cruelty
    • exposes the merciless side of humanity
    • based on the idea that there are subconcious truths that everyone knows
    • abuse the audience with harsh lights, sounds etc so they lose their civilized appearance and are forced to confront subconcious truths inside of them
  20. absurdism
    • truth in disorder and chaos
    • no right or wrong, only man's perception
    • different from dada in that it has deeper philosophical messages and is looking for answers
  21. american musical theatre
    • romantic appeal of far away places
    • storyline unimportant intil 1920
    • showboat: first bi-racial show with an integrated, chronilogical plot
    • takes on the aspects of all other genres. no realism
  22. postwar american theatre
    • didn't change much after the war
    • realism and musical theatre were dominant forms
    • group theatre emerged
    • Arthur Miller and Tennessee Williams time period
  23. decentralization/subsidation
    Off Broadway and Off Off Broadway
    • starts during the depression, ends after the war
    • move theatres to bigger cities
    • Off Broadway is prestigious just not actually on broadway
    • Off Off broadway is still in New York and is still a pretty big deal
  24. living theatre
    • against the commercialization of theatre
    • hippies, nudity, extreme language, marijuana, anti-establishment
    • important because it challenged long accepted theatrical conventions
  25. Performance Art
    • an art form from the mid 20th century
    • performers use some combination of visual arts, theatre, dance, music, and poetry to dramatize political ideas
    • purpose is less to tell a story than to convey a state of being
  26. kabuki
    • traditional japanese theatre
    • more comedic
    • no solid plot line, more about emotional states
    • sometimes involved a chorus
  27. noh
    • classical japanese performance that combines dance, drama, music, and poetry
    • deals with supernatural world
    • use of masks and universal props
    • done by men professionally trained
  28. bunraku
    • japanese puppetry
    • 3 puppeteers who are not hidden. maybe wear all black and the puppeteer who controls the head his face is visible
    • has a narrarator and an orchestra, music is important
  29. african theatre
    • relies heavily on dance, drumming and traditions
    • costumes passed down through the families
    • does have a story line, usually folk tales etc
  30. playwrite
    • Writes the play.
    • Involves a process.
    • Ging to rehearsals,
    • making sure the director doesn't change his play until it's all the way past previews
    • Collaborating with the director.
  31. dramaturg
    • researches in order to be able to educate the actors and the audience
    • advises the production from objective point of view to keep everyone true to their original production concept
  32. director
    • analyze and study script
    • create production concept
    • choose directing approach and coordinate with designers and production crew
  33. producer
    • provide funding and publicity
    • secures a venue
    • hires and fires directors, actors, negotiates contracts
  34. actor
    • a person who acts in stage plays, motion pictures, television broadcasts, etc.
    • (not sure if this is what Cara meant but it's the best I could find)
  35. stage manager
    person who is responsible for running the show during the performance and helping the director during auditions and the rehearsal process by taking notes, recording blocking, and scheduling rehearsals
  36. scene designer
    • visualize the setting through analysis of the play and visual research
    • collaborate with the director and other designers
    • draft floor plans for each set and elevations
    • decide on and acquire set and hand props
  37. lighting designer
    • creates light plot
    • makes sure that actors can be seen on stage
    • help create mood
  38. costume designer
    • determine the dramatic groups within the play
    • draft and render a costume plate for each costume
    • choose the fabric and accessories for those costumes which will be built in the shop
  39. Oedipus Rex
    • Sophocles
    • Fate catches up with Oedipus and he realizes that out of pride he has married his mother and killed his father.
    • Greek tragedy
    • Has masks
    • greek chorus that recaps action
    • Oedipus is a tragic hero
    • he recognizes his guilt and scratches his eyes out
    • fate and pride are universal themes
  40. Hamlet
    • Shakespeare
    • Hamlet sees the ghost of his father who tells Hamlet that his uncle Claudius murdered him. Hamlet sets out for revenge but because of his cautiousness everyone he loves ends up dead
    • tragedy
    • tragic hero: hamlet
    • tragic flaw: indecisiveness/too analytical
    • tragic fall: pretty much everyone he loves dies including himself
  41. Tartuffe
    • Moliere
    • Comedy about a guy named Tartuffe who pretends to be a man of God only to swindle Orgon and his family out of everything they have
    • French Neoclassical
    • unity of time place and action
    • takes place within a 24 day
    • all action is in Orgon's house
    • all action is chronological and relies on the action before it to make sense
  42. A Doll's House
    • Henrik Ibsen
    • Nora borrowed money from Krogstad to pay for her husband's surgery and has been working to pay it off. Her secret is revealed and she realizes that her husband doesn't actually love her and she leaves him.
    • Modern Realism
    • Realistic problems; debt, lies, sexism
    • deals with the role of women in society, does not include typical happy ending, Nora walks out on her family
  43. The Hairy Ape
    • Eugene O'Neil
    • Yank is opressed by society, goes to new york to realize he doesn't belong anywhere and dies in a gorilla cage
    • expressionism
    • industrialism took away man's ability to think for himself
    • politically and socially driven, example, Yank tries to join the IWW
    • distorted scenery
  44. Mother Courage
    • Bertolt Brecht
    • Mother Courage makes money by profiting off the 30 years war which is what kills all 3 of her children
    • Epic theatre
    • simple names like carpenter, soldier, mother
    • interuptions in the play with songs
    • 12 acts represent 12 years
  45. Cat on a hot tin roof
    • Tennessee Williams
    • Brick and Maggie's marriage is not going well. Brick is gay, maggie got his lover to confess before he killed himself and brick's parents are not in good health. Brick has a temper tantrum and then him and Maggie agree to try to make things work out.
    • Realism
    • shows homosexuality on stage which was not done much before
    • shows realistic marriage and family problems
    • shows realistic alcoholism
  46. Ma Rainey's Black Bottom
    • August Wilson
    • Ma Rainey and her jazz band are trying to make a record. Levy stabbs Toledo because he is angry that he can't record his version of the song
    • Contemporary
    • African american theatre
    • tells the story of african american struggles in that decade
  47. Buried Child
    • Sam Shepard
    • Vince and his girlfriend go to visit his family. While they are there, the play shows his disfunctional family. A cheating wife, violent siblings, incest. The play ends when Tilden brings the dead child he has dug up from the yard into the house.
    • Contemporary absurdism
    • has a standard 3 act framework and logical sense of time
    • has symbols like corn and rain
    • has surreal dream-like parts
  48. 6 characters in search of an author
    • Parendello
    • tells the story about 6 characters who are trying to tell the actors how to play them and actors trying to tell the characters that they already know what they're doing
    • surrealist/absurdist
    • started with the curtain already open which broke the convention at the time
    • has surrealist elements like the idea that the mind should be freed from controls of logic
    • reality is relative
Card Set:
Theatre Forms Exam Review
2011-11-30 20:24:16
Theatre Forms Cara AU Anderson University Wood

Study for Cara's Theatre Forms Exam
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