Card Set Information
Med Surg final
Med Surg final
Characterized by alternating exacerbations and remissions with progressive deterioration
Binds structures together, providing support for individual organs and a framework for the body as a whole.
Hard tissue that makes up most of the skeletal system.
Provides firm but flexible support for the embryonic skeleton and part of the adult skeleton.
Strong and flexible fibrous bands of connective tissue that connect bones and cartilage and support muscles.
A break or disruption in continuity of bone.
The incomplete fracture most commonly seen in children.
Older, white women have a high incidence of this.
Immature bone cells are gradually replaced by mature bone cells.
An infection of the bone.
The removal of body limbs or parts of limbs.
Term used for an amputation through the joint.
A limb or part of limb that may be absent or deformed at birth.
Diseases leading to impaired circulation
(PVD, DM, Arteriosclerosis)
Sacs of synovial fluid found in joints that also promote smooth articulation of joint structures
Most prominent tendon in body.
Cartilage gradually loses elasticity and becomes soft and frayed.
(age related changes)
Found in the knee, do not stretch but provide stability.
Released from marrow of broken bone into the bloodstream.
Fat particles, thrombi can break off and travel to the lungs.
Loss of blood leads to this.
Expected healing time is appropriate but unsatisfactory alignment of bone results in external deformity and dysfunction.
Process of bringing ends of broken bone into proper alignment.
Sensation that a limb still exists following amputation.
Tissue destruction and death due to ongoing disease.
Redness, warmth, swelling and exudates due to invasion of tissues by pathogens.
Normal pink color within 3 seconds on extremities.
Grief experienced before the loss actually occurs.
How the disease affects the pt. daily life
(nonsteroidal anti inflammatory drugs).
Drug recalled by Merck due to concerns that might increase risk of heart attack and stroke.
Test that requires us to check if pt worked with metal.
Lab test that assesses renal function.
Osteoporosis, advanced age, white race, use of psychotropic drugs and being female.
(risk factor for hip fracture)
Ends of broken bone begin to knit.
Bone cells deprived of oxygen and nutrients, they die and their cell walls collapse.
Bone that is broken or crushed into small pieces.
Attempt to attach fragments of the broken bone together when reduction alone is not feasible.
Injection of radiopaque dye into blood vessels.
Test that reaveals cold areas which indicates a decreased blood flow.
Hemorrhage, hematoma, necrosis, wound dehiscence, gangrene, edema and contractures.
(complications with an amputation)
Inflammation of a vein
Severed nerve endings attempt to regenerate.
Employs exercise and positioning to help preserve functional capability and minimize disability
( physical therapy)
This is important in the successful treatment and management and psychological support given to a patient
Used for specific intervals and the time and degree of flexion and extension are gradually increased
Disease where pain is commonly assoiciated with activity but is relieved by rest.
Surgical treatment of choice for osteroarthritis of hip or knee.
(arthroplasty or total joint replacement)
Nonsurgical realignment of bones that returns them to previous anatomic position
(what is manipulation)
Split down the front to allow material and padding to spread.
(what is a bivalve cast)
Gardner-Wells, Crutchfield and Vinke tongs and halo vest.
(example of skeletal traction)
Impaired circulation, inadequate fracture alignment, skin breakdown and soft tissue injury.
(complications of traction)
Successful in approx. 80% of cases, with average healing time of 16 weeks
(electrical bone stimulators)
If no problems three months after amputation pt may?
(bear full weight on permanent prosthesis)
Greatest danger in early postoperative period.
Early signs of hemorrhage is
(restlessness, increased pulse and respirations)
In the first 24 hours most common sign of the residual limb is?
To promote healing and to maintain or build strength encourage this?
(increase protein and increase calorie intake)
A more precise measurement of joint motion done by a physician.
Procedure done at bedside or in exam room where local is used.
Motrin, Rufin, Naproxyn and Relafen.
(first generation NSAIDS)
People react to chronic illness, disability and dependence according to their
(cultural values and beliefs)
Characterized by dryness of mouth, eyes and vagina.
Consists of anhydrous calcium sulfate embedded in gauze
(plaster of paris cast)
Drying time is 10-15 minutes can withstand weight bearing within 30 minutes of application.
Device that cuts plaster
( cast cutter)
Increases mobility and assists with ambulation after a fracture of the lower extremity
Placed on the unaffected side to assist pt with ambulation.
A review of patients psychosocial background may offer insight.
( how pt will tolerate treatments and procedures)
They require that body parts be made available for burial
A general goal for weight bearing of a lower extremity amputation is?
(about 3 months)
Pale or blue color, slow capillary refill, shriveled appearance and coolness.
(signs of arterial occlusion)
Treated with leeches
(what is venous congestion)