______________ may delay the onset of age-related dementia, including Alzheimer's disease.
Speech _____________ happens in all lobes of the brain, as it involved invoking experiences, memories, and perceptions.
Aphsia is the disturbance in comprehension or production of ____________
The right hemisphere is repsonsible for _________ or rhythms and stresses of speech (tone of voice).
________ and Broca's area are implicated in expressive writing deficits.
He was Broca's famous patient
Dyslexia is more common among those whose first language is ______________ than those whose first language is Italian.
A symptom of all aphasias-- the person cannot find the words for what they want to say.
Research by Hughes and colleagues shows that the human ______ may offer cues of a speaker's mate value.
Said to be the most important category of speech disorders.
Someone with ______ hemisphere damage may not know better than to speak to her boss how she would speak to her friends.
Your_______ cortex becomes activated if you can read the alphabet.
_________ aphasia is a condition marked by slow, deliberate, non-fluent speech.
Researchers have found that people with dyslexia have above average connectivity in the ________ __________
Allowed for disemination across time and space.
the printing press
Someone with ________ aphasia has poor speech comprehension and produces meaningless speech.
Research shows that people with dyslexia experience _______ of the left temporal cortex, and therefore neural activation is spreading too weakly through the primary reading areas of the brain.
_________ Dyslexia is caused by biological abnormalities.
Verbal behavioral is _______ which means the left hemisphere is dominant (in most people)
________ areas are one method of referreing to specific brain regions.
lack of prosody
Repeating words or syllables
Inability to read but if a word is spelled they know what it is (unable to read road signs) AKA pure word blindness
Dyslexia---can't recognize groups of letters, confuses letters
Dyslexia---problems understanding spoken language
Dyslexia---unable to find appropriate speech sounds
Inability to write, combining uppercase and lowercase letters as well as shapes, odd writing grips, pain when writing
Can read, speak, and understand words but cannot type
Masses of cells with uncontrolled growth (120 different types)
Sudden and excessive activity of cerebral neurons, "brain storm"
Violent spasms of muscles
Petit mal seizure....
....brief, spells of absence
Grand mal seizures....
....tonic (muscle contractions, clonic (agitated)
Type of stroke---bleeding in the brain, blood vessels burst
Type of stroke---blood vessels in brain get blocked preventing blood flow
Stroke---piece of blood clot (or other matter) that dislodges and blocks blood flow
an anti-clot drug
Toxic chemicals that harm an unborn child in utero are called?
Type of tertaogen---German measels, interferes with CNS development in utero.
Type of tertaogen---casues abnormal facial and brain development. Most vulnerable during weeks 3 and 4 of pregnancy.
FAS (Fetal Alcohol Syndrome)
An inheritied disorder--lacks an aminoacid called phenylalanine, disrupts myelination and can cause mental retardation. Higher prevalence in the US and among whites and native americans as opposed to other nationalites
An inherited disorder--occurs mainly in children of European Jewish decent. Brain swells to meninges. Lacks enzymes to help rid thte body of waste products. Symptoms amerge around 4 months old.
Tay Sachs disease
A tumor formed on the meninges is a...
Damaged in Alzheimer's disease; as the major source of acetylcholine in the brain, this leads to a decrease in leaning and mental capacity.
A build up of phenylalanine in one's system can interfere with _____________ of the neurons in the CNS.
A cerebrovascular accident is also called a...
The immediate cause of neuronal death after a stroke is the presence of too much...
Grand mal seizures are said to be....
Sudden and excessive activity of cerebral neurons
Korsakoff's syndrome results from a deficiency of...
Generalized, brief seizures are called...
spells of absence
There are many causes of ____________, which is an infection of the entire brain,
Bovine ___________ encephalopathy
A malignant tumor _________ the cells around it.
Mass of cells with uncontrolled growth
Interferes with adhesion protein and disrupts fetal development
Excessive amounts of glutamate released during seizures likely damage the...
_______________ tangles are seen in the brains of Alheimer's disease patients
If seizures involve motoneurons ___________ can occur
The neuropathology of Alzheimer's disease involves amyloid ____________.
The inability to metabolize galactose...
When a tumor sheds cells that can seed the growth of new tumors, we say that tumor has....
A condition in which an individual lacks a specific enzyme necessary to process a particular amino acid found in most foods.
The major difference between a benign and malignant tumor is whether or not it is...
In Tay-Sachs disease, an accumulation of ___________ in the nervous system leads to severe brain swelling and the build up of celluar waste products.
Seizures can be treated with...
Among ____________ patients, 75% have evidence of brain damage.
A bite from an infected animal can travel through the peripheral nerves to hte CNS and salivary glands causing...
The _________ virus, more often recognized as an STI, can invade the brain
Relays information to hte hippocampus; shows damage in Alzheimer's disease patients
The __________ Exam is used as an early diagnostic for Alzheimer's disease.
mini mental state
Tumors can ______ brain tissue
Infections protein that cause healthy proteins around it to fold
According to Carlson (2010), the most dangerous type of brain tumor is a...