Physio psych final review

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elk5057
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Physio psych final review
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2011-12-01 20:48:13
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physio psych review
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  1. ______________ may delay the onset of age-related dementia, including Alzheimer's disease.
    Bilingualism
  2. Speech _____________ happens in all lobes of the brain, as it involved invoking experiences, memories, and perceptions.
    production
  3. Aphsia is the disturbance in comprehension or production of ____________
    speech
  4. The right hemisphere is repsonsible for _________ or rhythms and stresses of speech (tone of voice).
    prosody
  5. ________ and Broca's area are implicated in expressive writing deficits.
    exners area
  6. He was Broca's famous patient
    Tan
  7. Dyslexia is more common among those whose first language is ______________ than those whose first language is Italian.
    english
  8. A symptom of all aphasias-- the person cannot find the words for what they want to say.
    anomia
  9. Research by Hughes and colleagues shows that the human ______ may offer cues of a speaker's mate value.
    voice
  10. Said to be the most important category of speech disorders.
    Aphasia
  11. Someone with ______ hemisphere damage may not know better than to speak to her boss how she would speak to her friends.
    right
  12. Your_______ cortex becomes activated if you can read the alphabet.
    Premotor
  13. Problems reading.
    Dyslexia
  14. _________ aphasia is a condition marked by slow, deliberate, non-fluent speech.
    Broca's
  15. Researchers have found that people with dyslexia have above average connectivity in the ________ __________
    corpus callosum
  16. Allowed for disemination across time and space.
    the printing press
  17. Someone with ________ aphasia has poor speech comprehension and produces meaningless speech.
    Wernicke's
  18. Research shows that people with dyslexia experience _______ of the left temporal cortex, and therefore neural activation is spreading too weakly through the primary reading areas of the brain.
    Hypoactivation
  19. _________ Dyslexia is caused by biological abnormalities.
    Developmental
  20. Verbal behavioral is _______ which means the left hemisphere is dominant (in most people)
    lateralized
  21. ________ areas are one method of referreing to specific brain regions.
    Brodmann
  22. A stroke
    CVA
  23. Aprosodia
    lack of prosody
  24. Repeating words or syllables
    stuttering
  25. Inability to read but if a word is spelled they know what it is (unable to read road signs) AKA pure word blindness
    pure alexia
  26. Dyslexia---can't recognize groups of letters, confuses letters
    visuospatial difficulties
  27. Dyslexia---problems understanding spoken language
    speech-sound difficulties
  28. Dyslexia---unable to find appropriate speech sounds
    correlating difficulties
  29. Inability to write, combining uppercase and lowercase letters as well as shapes, odd writing grips, pain when writing
    dysgraphia
  30. Can read, speak, and understand words but cannot type
    dystypia
  31. Masses of cells with uncontrolled growth (120 different types)
    tumors
  32. Sudden and excessive activity of cerebral neurons, "brain storm"
    seizures
  33. Violent spasms of muscles
    convulsions
  34. Petit mal seizure....
    ....brief, spells of absence
  35. Grand mal seizures....
    ....tonic (muscle contractions, clonic (agitated)
  36. Type of stroke---bleeding in the brain, blood vessels burst
    hemorrhagic stroke
  37. Type of stroke---blood vessels in brain get blocked preventing blood flow
    obstructive stroke
  38. Stroke---blood clot
    thrombosis
  39. Stroke---piece of blood clot (or other matter) that dislodges and blocks blood flow
    embolus
  40. an anti-clot drug
    LPA
  41. Toxic chemicals that harm an unborn child in utero are called?
    teratogens
  42. Type of tertaogen---German measels, interferes with CNS development in utero.
    Rubella
  43. Type of tertaogen---casues abnormal facial and brain development. Most vulnerable during weeks 3 and 4 of pregnancy.
    FAS (Fetal Alcohol Syndrome)
  44. An inheritied disorder--lacks an aminoacid called phenylalanine, disrupts myelination and can cause mental retardation. Higher prevalence in the US and among whites and native americans as opposed to other nationalites
    PKU (phenylketoneuria)
  45. An inherited disorder--occurs mainly in children of European Jewish decent. Brain swells to meninges. Lacks enzymes to help rid thte body of waste products. Symptoms amerge around 4 months old.
    Tay Sachs disease
  46. A tumor formed on the meninges is a...
    meningioma
  47. Damaged in Alzheimer's disease; as the major source of acetylcholine in the brain, this leads to a decrease in leaning and mental capacity.
    nucleus basalis
  48. A build up of phenylalanine in one's system can interfere with _____________ of the neurons in the CNS.
    myelination
  49. A cerebrovascular accident is also called a...
    stroke
  50. The immediate cause of neuronal death after a stroke is the presence of too much...
    glutamate
  51. Grand mal seizures are said to be....
    tonic clonic
  52. Sudden and excessive activity of cerebral neurons
    a seizure
  53. Korsakoff's syndrome results from a deficiency of...
    thiamine
  54. Generalized, brief seizures are called...
    spells of absence
  55. There are many causes of ____________, which is an infection of the entire brain,
    encephalitis
  56. Bovine ___________ encephalopathy
    spongiform
  57. A malignant tumor _________ the cells around it.
    infiltrates
  58. Mass of cells with uncontrolled growth
    a tumor
  59. Interferes with adhesion protein and disrupts fetal development
    alcohol
  60. Excessive amounts of glutamate released during seizures likely damage the...
    hippocampus
  61. _______________ tangles are seen in the brains of Alheimer's disease patients
    neurofibrillary
  62. If seizures involve motoneurons ___________ can occur
    convulsions
  63. The neuropathology of Alzheimer's disease involves amyloid ____________.
    plaques
  64. The inability to metabolize galactose...
    galactosemia
  65. When a tumor sheds cells that can seed the growth of new tumors, we say that tumor has....
    metastasized
  66. A condition in which an individual lacks a specific enzyme necessary to process a particular amino acid found in most foods.
    PKU
  67. The major difference between a benign and malignant tumor is whether or not it is...
    encapsulated
  68. In Tay-Sachs disease, an accumulation of ___________ in the nervous system leads to severe brain swelling and the build up of celluar waste products.
    lipids
  69. Seizures can be treated with...
    anti-convulsants
  70. Among ____________ patients, 75% have evidence of brain damage.
    AIDS
  71. A bite from an infected animal can travel through the peripheral nerves to hte CNS and salivary glands causing...
    rabies
  72. The _________ virus, more often recognized as an STI, can invade the brain
    herpes
  73. Relays information to hte hippocampus; shows damage in Alzheimer's disease patients
    entorhinal cortex
  74. The __________ Exam is used as an early diagnostic for Alzheimer's disease.
    mini mental state
  75. Tumors can ______ brain tissue
    compress
  76. Infections protein that cause healthy proteins around it to fold
    prions
  77. According to Carlson (2010), the most dangerous type of brain tumor is a...
    glioma

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