Evergreen identification

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Author:
jeremiahm
ID:
119933
Filename:
Evergreen identification
Updated:
2011-11-30 20:53:02
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Evergreen identification
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Evergreen identification
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    • Black Hills Spruce
    • - Small cones, 1 to 2.5" long
    • - Pale green or dull blue-green needles
    • - Buds are rouned chestnut brown scales, blunt, free of resin
    • Red Pine
    • - Two needles per fasicle, dense
    • - Needles are slender
    • - Buds ovoid to narrow conical, about 1/2" long, often covered in resin
    • Red Pine
    • - Two needles per fasicle, dense
    • - Needles are slender
    • - Buds ovoid to narrow conical, about 1/2" long, often covered in resin
    • Austrian Pine
    • - Two needles per fasicle
    • - Dense needle population, needles stiff, thicker and denser than red pine.
    • - buds are white, cylyndrical, sharp point
    • White Pine
    • - Five needles per fascicle
    • - Needles are slender, soft to touch. White stomatic lines on the inner surfaces
    • - Buds are ovoid with a sharp point, 1/4 " long with some resin
    • Colorado Spruce
    • - Needles mostly spread all around stem, stout, rigid, prickly. Dull green to bluish or silvery white
    • - Buds broadly conical to nearly spherical, not resinous
    • - Cones are sylyndrical but slighty narrowed at each end, 2" to 4" long
    • Ponderosa Pine
    • - 3 needles per fascicle, sometimes 2, Rigid, crowded on branchlets
    • - Buds are oblong, cylindrical, resinous, reddish brown
    • Norway Spruce
    • - needles on upper side of stem pointing forwards, those on lower side spreading right and left exposing stem
    • - Needles are 1.2 to 1" long, stiff, blunt, 2 or 3 stomatic lines
    • - Buds are reddish or light broun, not resinous.
    • Large cones, 4 to 6" long.
    • Hemlock
    • - Needles spirally arranged, more or les 2-ranked, flat, with 2 white stomatic bands underneath
    • - Buds are rounded, and not resinous
    • - Needles on this specimen look almost flat to either side of the stem
    • Hemlock
    • - Needles spirally arranged, more or les 2-ranked, flat, with 2 white stomatic bands underneath
    • - Buds are rounded, and not resinous
    • - Needles on this specimen look almost flat to either side of the stem
    • Mugo Pine
    • - Two needles per fascicle
    • - rigid, curved needles, medium to dark green. Stomatic lines on both surfaces.
    • - Buds are oblong ovoid, reddish brown encrusted with resin
    • - cones are ovoid, 1 to 2" long
    • Black Spruce
    • - Needles are 4-sided, dull bluish green.
    • - Cones are small, 3/4" to 1 1/5" long
    • Yew
    • - Needles are densly set, in 2 ranks on either side of stem.
    • - Glossy dark green above, paler green beneath.
    • - Winter buds are small and scaly
    • Scotch Pine
    • - 2 needles per fascicle, stiff, twisted
    • - Buds are oblong-ovate, pointed, reddish brown, resinous
    • - 1.5" to 3" long gray or dull brown, ovoid-conic
    • Balsam Fir
    • - Needles flat needle-like, ½–1" long, dark green above often with a small patch of stomata near the tip, and two white stomatal bands below,
    • - a slightly notched tip. They are arranged spirally on the shoot, but with the leaf bases twisted to appear in two more-or-less horizontal rows.
    • Douglasfir
    • - Needles have a v-shaped arrangement between two lateral sets.
    • -Needles are straight, thin, shining green. to blue-green, 2 white bands below.
    • - Buds are ovoid -conical, shining chestnut brown, resinous at base.
    • Concolor Fir
    • - Needles curve outwards and upwards, flat, claucous on both surfaces, rounded tips
    • - Buds are large, broadly conical,e blunt. Covered with resin, light brown scales.
    • - Needles have blue tint, but softer than colorado blue spruce.

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