Freshman Language and Comp Semester 1 Lesson 4 Study Guide

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john708
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Freshman Language and Comp Semester 1 Lesson 4 Study Guide
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2011-11-30 20:58:13
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Freshman Language Comp Semester Lesson Study Guide
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Freshman Language and Comp Semester 1 Lesson 4 Study Guide
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  1. What is a SUBJECT?
    A SUBJECT tells whom or what the sentence is about.
  2. What is a PREDICATE?
    A PREDICATE says something about the subject.
  3. What is a COMPLEMENT?
    A COMPLEMENT is a word or word group that completes the meaning of a verb.
  4. What is a DIRECT OBJECT?
    A DIRECT OBJECT is a noun, pronoun, or word group that tells who or what receives the action of a verb or shows the result of the action.
  5. What is an INDIRECT OBJECT?
    An INDIRECT OBJECT is a noun, pronoun, or word group that often appears in sentences containing direct objects. An INDIRECT OBJECT tells to whom or to what ( or for whom or for what ) the action of a transitive verb is done.
  6. What is a PREDICATE NOMINATIVE?
    A PREDICATE NOMINATIVE is a word or word group that is in the predicate and that identifies the subject or refers to it.
  7. What is a PREDICATE ADJECTIVE?
    A PREDICATE ADJECTIVE is an adjective that is in the predicate and that modifies the subject.
  8. What is a DECLARATIVE SENTENCE?
    A DECLARATIVE SENTENCE makes a statement and ends with a period.
  9. What is an IMPERATIVE SENTENCE?
    An IMPERATIVE SENTENCE gives command or makes a request. Most imperative sentences end with a period. A strong command ends with an exclamation point.
  10. What is an INTERROGATIVE SENTENCE?
    An INTERROGATIVE SENTENCE asks a question and ends with a question mark.
  11. What is an EXCLAMATORY SENTENCE?
    An EXCLAMATORY SENTENCE shows excitement or expresses strong feeling and ends with an exclamation point.
  12. What is a PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE?
    A PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE includes a preposition, the object of the preposition and any modifiers of that object.
  13. What is a PARTICIPLE?
    • A PARTICIPLE is a verb that can be used as an adjective.
    • Present PARTICIPLES end in -ing.
    • Past PARTICIPLES usually end in -d or -ed.
  14. What is a GERUND?
    A GERUND is a verb form ending in -ing that is used as a noun.
  15. What is an INFINITIVE?
    An INFINITVE is a verb form that can be used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. Most INFINITIVES begin with " to ".
  16. What is a CLAUSE?
    A CLAUSE is a word group that contains a verb and its subject and that is used as a sentence or as part of a sentence.
  17. What is an INDEPENDENT CLAUSE?
    An INDEPENDENT CLAUSE expresses a complete thought and can stand by itself as a sentence.
  18. What is a SUBORDINATE CLAUSE?
    A SUBORDINATE ( OR DEPENDENT ) CLAUSE does not express a complete thought and cannot stand by itself as a sentence.
  19. What is an ADVERB CLAUSE?
    An ADVERB CLAUSE generally tells how, when, where, why, how much, to what extent, or under what condition the action of a verb takes place.
  20. What is an ADJECTIVE CLAUSE?
    An ADJECTIVE CLAUSE is a subordinate clause that modifies a noun or pronoun.
  21. What is a NOUN CLAUSE?
    A NOUN CLAUSE is a subordinate clause that is used as a noun.
  22. What is a SIMPLE SENTENCE?
    A SIMPLE SENTENCE contains one independent clause and no subordinate clauses. It may have a compound subject, a compound verb, and any number of phrases.
  23. What is a COMPOUND SENTENCE?
    A COMPOUND SENTENCE contains two or more independent clauses and no subordinate clauses.
  24. What is a COMPLEX-SENTENCE?
    A COMPLEX SENTENCE contains one independent clause and at least one subordinate clause.
  25. What is a COMPOUND-COMPLEX SENTENCE?
    A COMPOUND-COMPLEX SENTENCE contains two or more independent clauses and at least one subordinate clause.

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