2. Subsistence Systems
HOW things are procured. Closely related to settlement patterns in terms of how people move over the landscape
1. Food Extractors- two ends of a continuum for hunter gatherers
a. Foragers (travelers)- a subsistence system in which neither plants not animals are the dominant food source, and where the pattern of energy extraction is non-systematic. Rather, because the resource distribution is unpredictable, foragers take whatever is available (generalized). More search time and less pursuit time.
b. Collectors (processors)- plants, animals, or some combination is focused on in a systematic fashion; often (but not necessarily) specialized as resource distribution is predictable and reliable. More pursuit time and less search time (e.g., acorn processing in prehistoric California)