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General George Pickett
- risen to the rank of major general, and he leads an entire division
- Pickett’s division has not had much action
- Confederate general did not survive the Battle of Gettysburg
General J. E. B. Stuart
- Stuart is the cavalry leader assigned by Lee to track the movements of the Union army
- it is his negligence that causes the Confederate army to lose track of the Union troops in the first place.
- Because of Stuart’s absence, during the first two days the Confederates never know where the Union troops are or what the surrounding area looks like.
- he soon becomes a liability when Joshua Chamberlain realizes that he might, at some point, order his brother to his death.
General Lew Armistead
- his wife’s death constantly causes him sorrow.
- A general serving in Pickett’s division, Armistead knows that his old friend, Winfield Hancock, is on the other side of the war, serving as a general in the Union army.
General Richard Ewell
- Chosen to replace part of “Stonewall” Jackson’s command
- Become unsure of himself after suffering an injury that cost him his leg
- Ewell has a great amount of responsibility, which is a source of concern to Lee
General Jubal Early
- A young, ambitious, and cold general.
- Like Ewell, he has been given a part of Jackson’s old command
- Though Ewell technically has the greater responsibility and the greater control, he defers to Early
General Ambrose Powell Hill
- A general whose troops do much of the fighting on the first day of the battle, first with Union General John Buford’s cavalry, then John Reynolds’s infantry.
General Winfield Scott Hancock
- A competent, important general of the Union army, who directs much of the action at Gettysburg.
General Isaac Trimble
Confederate. An old general who participates in Pickett’s Charge.
General John Hood
- A major general under Longstreet’s command
- Longstreet’s most competent soldier
- Prefers defensive strategies, and he understands that the nature of war is changing.
- An aide to Longstreet. Sorrel is a competent but not very sociable man.
- Informs Longstreet that a soldier spotted Union cavalry in Gettysburg
General George Meade
- Recently appointed commander of the Union armies
- Meade arrives a bit late to the Battle of Gettysburg
General John Reynolds
- An intelligent infantry general who has a gift for positioning troops
- Reynolds refuses to become the commander of the Union army, a position that is then given to George Meade
- Reynolds is killed shortly after the action begins at Gettysburg.
- Harrison, a Confederate spy, discovers a large mass of Union troops moving north.
- The Union troops are moving dangerously close to the Confederate army
- Harrison reports his discovery to General James Longstreet.
- Longstreet quickly wakes up General Robert E. Lee
- Lee is also skeptical, since he has sent General J. E. B. Stuart out with his cavalry to keep an eye on the movements of the Union army.
- Longstreet believes that Stuart is out joyriding. Longstreet presses Lee to get the army moving west. Lee agrees, deciding to move toward Gettysburg.
Longstreet is stubborn, and he constantly tries to convince Lee to fight defensively
The Civil War
- Battle lasted THREE DAYS
- PENNSLYVANIA CAPITAL IS RICHMOND
- The Battle of Gettysbury was the high point of the Confederacy, when the Confederate army, flushed with success, actually invaded Union territory. If Lee had been successful in destroying the Union army or capturing Washington, D.C., the North would have had to admit defeat, and the Confederacy would have been established as a new country. But the Union won the Battle of Gettysburg
- The battle is often referred to as the “high tide of the Confederacy,” because it was as close as the Confederate States of America ever came to achieving their independence
Colonel Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain
- It was Chamberlain who accepted the surrender of the Confederate forces at Appomattox.
- Unusually educated and thoughtful man compared with many other soldiers
Robert E. Lee
- General Lee would never agree to defensive warfare, because he thinks it is somewhat dishonorable.
- Longstreet thinks Lee would rather lose the war than his dignity
- He wants to destroy the Union army in a single battle, and his attitude is that fate has picked Gettysburg as the place to do it.
- The high ground consists of four hills: Culp’s Hill, Cemetery Hill, Little Round Top, and Round Top
- he hills are all connected by a long, crescent-shaped ridge called Cemetery Ridge.
- This high ground will be important throughout the Civil War.
- Control of the high ground gives an army several things: a good view of the entire battlefield; an excellent place from which to fire off artillery, meaning cannons; and a good defensive position. It is much more difficult to run uphill toward an enemy than it is to fire downhill at one.
General John Burford
- Thigh ground was critical in the Battle of Gettysburg, and, therefore, Buford made an excellent move in realizing that fact and protecting it.
- Leads the Union cavalry
Fremantle hopes that the English and the Confederacy can become allies
What is the real name of the Confederate army?
The Army of Northern Virginia
Which ally of Chamberlain is shot during the Battle of Little Round Top?
18.What type of military strategy does James Longstreet endorse?
He wants to attack in the middle of the night andsurprise the Union forces
What high ground does Chamberlain’s regiment have to protect?
Pickett’s Charge was not actually planned by Pickett. Whose idea was the charge?
General John Reynolds
Who tells Longstreet that the Union army is very close by?
Who leads the Union cavalry?
General John Buford
Disagreement between Confederate generals Robert E. Lee and James Longstreet on how they should fight the battle. What does each man think the army should do and why? What is significant about Longstreet’s plan?
Longstreet has come to understand the modern nature of warfare: he realizes that new technology, such as long-range artillery and repeating, breech-loading rifles, means the old strategies of war can no longer work as well. A single man armed with a good rifle and in a defensive position—behind a tree, for instance—can kill at least three men charging toward him from across a field
Robert E. Lee, however, is a more traditional soldier, and he believes he can destroy the Union army—even in a fortified, high ground position—if he simply puts his men in the right places.