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"What period is 1600-1775 ""Irregular Shaped Pear"""
Requires two instrumentalists
-Harpsichord Plays chord progression-Viola Da gamba plays bass line"
- -Harpsichord Plays chord progression
- -Viola Da gamba plays bass line"
- "Basso Continuo
repetition of motives at higher or lower degrees
"Sudden Contrast of dynamics. ""surprise symphony"""
Emerged in norther Italy late 1500s
song"" expresses the characters emotion"
Composed ""The Secret Lover"""
Repeating bass line
composed ""Dido Aeneas"""
An aria based on a basso ostinato (ground bass)
- When I am laid in earth
Violin family dominates. Harpsichord for basso continuo.
Career in France. Superintendent of court music. Created first thoroughly disciplined orchestra. Perfected the French Overture.
Main theme returns. Tutti plays.
"A virtuoso violinist.
- Hospice of Mercy in Venice-taught lessons and conducted orchestra.
- -More than 450 concertos
- -Best known composition ""The Spring"""
- Antonio Vivaldi
J.S. Bach's influences
Cornelli, Pachelbel, Palestrina, and Vivaldi
2-5 parts-vocal or instrumental
- -Begins w/ successive statements of subject
- -then alternations of subject and episodes"
- -Includes a ""Pedal point""
- -plagal cadence"
- Organ Fugue"""
The most famous composer in Europe.
- George Frideric Handel
Invented around 1700
- -Played by amateurs, especially women"
Invented around 1710
- -Mozart first heard in 1778"
What composers were most popular in Vienna?
Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven
Worked for the Esterhazy family.
Creator of the String Quartet
Sonata Allegro Form
Added at the end of the movement
Emphasizes movement's conclusion
Theme altered continually
theme and variations
Refrain continually returns
- -One of the oldest musical forms"
- -Two violins, viola, and cello"
- The string Quartet
Composed ""Orfeo"" (1607)-1st important opera"
A small group of soloists works together, performing as a unit against the full orchestra.
Showy passage for soloist alone
Hymn""-spiritual melody or religious folk song of the Lutheran Church"
A large scale, three movement work, for instrumental soloist and orchestra. Intended for public audience.
three or more characters can express their own emotion simultaneously in an opera. Mozart was famous for this.
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