Schaffer Test 2

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Schaffer Test 2
2011-12-01 11:14:58
Schaffer Test

Schaffer Test 2
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  1. Which of the following radiographs do chiropractors use to evaluate posture and biomechanics?
    both a & b (static & functional)
  2. Which of the following is NOT a clinical reason for taking radiographs?
    To determine the existence of a subluxation complex
  3. Static radiography is the procedure of analyzing spine radiographs for which of the following abnormalities?
    Postural and structural
  4. Marking radiographs to identify misalignments began in the early 1900s what is the one fundamental criticism of this type of analysis?
    anatomical asymmetry or accuracy
  5. Which of the following emphasized motion segment hypomobility and its effect on the vascular and lymphatic systems?
  6. Which of the following best describes the events occurring during immobilization?
    Water is released from the proteoglycan molecule causing CT to contact and cross-link one another
  7. Which of the following describes the effect of manual therapy on an immobilization
    both a and c (breaks cross linkages of fibrous adhesions providing inhibition to occur and stretches segmental mm causing spindle reflexes that may decrease hypertonicity)
  8. Which of the following is considered a direct end result of joint dysfunction?
    spinal degeneration
  9. The mnemonic PARTS is used to identify the five diagnostic criteria of which of the following?
    Joint dysfunction
  10. Which of the following would be documented as the "T" component of PARTS?
    Muscle strength
  11. Musculoskeletal dysfunction is considered to be one of many factors that can lead to visceral dysfunction and disease.
  12. Which of the following is considered the ideal ratio with regard to Omega-6 and Omega-3 fatty acids for promoting appropriate inflammatory and healing response.
    Omega 3/ Omega 6 (1:1)
  13. Which regard to omega 6 and omega 3 FA, promote excessive inflammatory responses?
  14. n6 fatty acids in all grains
    linoleic acid
  15. Which of the following is an Omega-3 fatty acid that converts EpA and is associated with anti-inflammatory properties?
    linolenic acid
  16. Omega 6 pro inflammatory
    arachidonic acid
  17. Which of the afferent fibers are considered nociceptive?
    Grp III & IV
  18. Which of the follow is a term for increased nociception and reduced mechanoreceptors
  19. Which of the following is not a clinical reason for taking radiographs?
    To determine existence of subluxation complex
  20. Which of the following is considered the ideal ration of omega 3
    6 for promoting appropriate inflammation and healing?
  21. Which of the following is considered a direct end result of joint dysfunction?
    Spinal degeneration.
  22. With regard to joint dysfunction?
    Spinal adhesions
  23. Which of the following best describes the effect of man therapy on immobilization?
    Breaks across linkages and fibrous adhesions providing imbibitions to occur. And stretches segmental muscles causing spindle reflexes that may decrease hypertonicity (answers a &c)
  24. Which of following is an Omega-3 that converts EPA and is associated with anti-inflammatory properties?
    Linolenic acid
  25. Polymodal nociceptors are considered regulators of inflammation, wound healing and tissue homeostasis and are made up mostly of which of the following afferents?
    Group IVa
  26. Chronic inflammation perpetuated by nociceptors and symp is chararacteristic of which?
    Neurogenic inflammation
  27. The term used to describe pain caused by innocuous input such as normal palpation
  28. Which of the following describe effects of subluxation?
    Subluxation syndrome
  29. Chiropractors treat
    subluxation complex
  30. Which of the following example of manual therapy?
    Trigger point therapy
  31. Which intentionally effects neurophysiologic function?
    The adjustment
  32. Which best describes movement applied singularly or repetitively within physiologic joint motion without impulse?
  33. Term provides set of scientific and metaphysical beliefs a theoretical play of work that can b used to evaluation and applied?
  34. Allopathic belief system?
  35. Belief system represented by the chiropractic profession?
  36. Work of Bruce lipton help chiropractic in
  37. Assessment of chiropractic position on the practice of chiropractic described?
    Spine and relation to nervous system
  38. ACC position on scope in practice of chiro?
    Human function neurologically integrated
  39. Position of what forms significant boundary between the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system?
  40. What's true of IVD?
    Repairs and regenerate
  41. How many z joint sensory receptors have been identified?
  42. Which does not fire at rest?
    Type 2
  43. Which is sensitive and fire continuously?
    Type 1
  44. Which is slow/mechanic receptor?
    type 4
  45. Psoas M. innervates from
    ventral ramus
  46. Z-joints innervated by
    dorsal ramus
  47. Erector spinae M. innervates?
    Dorsal ramus
  48. Increase sensitivity to pain?
  49. Radiating pain to 4th and 5th finger of hand?
    Dorsal root ganglion/dorsal n root
  50. What type of pain is dull achy constant, not localized?
    Somatic Referred Pain