Imflam Heart Dis 2

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Imflam Heart Dis 2
2010-03-29 15:18:35
cardiac baker scalf

exam 4
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  1. Infectious heart disease that often begins after surgery?
  2. What infectious heart disease can be caused by Janeway Lesions or Osler's Nodes?
  3. What are red spots on palm of hands or soles of feet that are not painful but can allow bacteria to enter the body and causes endocarditis?
    Janeway Lesions
  4. What are painful red areas on the soles of the feet and palms of hands that can lead to endocarditis?
    Osler's Nodes
  5. Who are high risk patients for endocarditis?
    IV drug users, Prior valve surgery patients, dental surgeries, and patients with weak valves
  6. What is the medical management for endocarditis?
    Antibiotic therapy. Usually 6 weeks.
  7. If a new murmur is detected is may be a signs of what disease?
  8. What is inflammation of the heart muscle?
  9. What infectious heart disease may be caused by viral, bacterial, or fungal infections or an allergic reaction?
  10. What is inflammation of the pericardium called?
  11. What infectious heart disease may be causes by a complicated viral infest or less frequently by influenza and HIV?
  12. What is the medical management for pericarditis?
    Antibiotics for bacteria or Antifungal for fungus and Corticosteriods for inflammation Diuretics for excess fluid in the pericardial sac Analgesics for pain
  13. Which infectious heart disease can be the most painful? Why?
    Pericarditis. Pressure from the fluid compresses the heart.
  14. What is compression of the heart that occurs when blood or fluid builds up?
    Cardiac Tamponade
  15. What is the treatment for cardiac tamponade?
    Pericardiocentesis to drain the fluid around the heart.
  16. What condition has classic signs of chest pain radiating to the neck, shoulders, back or belly. Usually sharp or stabbing. Gets worse with deep breaths or coughing?
    Cardiac Tamponade.
  17. What is defined by a group of heart muscle diseases that affect the structural or functional ability of the myocardial cells?
  18. What form of cardiomyopathy has an unknown etiology& involves only the heart muscle?
  19. What form of cardiomyopathy is caused from another disease?
  20. What is amyloidosis?
    When protein gets into organs and tissue
  21. Name 4 diseases that cause secondary cardiomyopathy.
    Cardiotoxic Agents, HTN (if uncontrolled for a long time), Amyloidosis, Myocarditis
  22. All types of cardiomyopathy can lead to what?
    Heart Failure