Sociology ch.10-11 vocab

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Sociology ch.10-11 vocab
2011-12-15 13:33:19
10 11

Ch.10&11 vocabulary
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  1. Social Stratification
    A system by which a society ranks categories of people in heirarchy.
  2. Social Mobility
    A change in position within the social heirarchy.
  3. Caste system
    social stratification based on ascription, or birth. (race, gender, or ethnicity)
  4. Class system
    Social stratification based on both birth and individual achievement.
  5. Meritocracy
    Social stratification based on personal merit.
  6. Status consistency
    The degree of uniformity in a person's social standing across various dimensions of social inequality.
  7. Structural Social Mobility
    A shift in the social position of large numbers of people due more to changes in society itself than to individual efforts.
  8. Davis-Moore thesis
    The functional analysis claiming that social stratification has beneficial consequences for the operation of society.
  9. Blue-collar Occupations
    Lower-prestige jobs that involve mostly manual labor.
  10. White-collar Occupations
    Higher-Prestige jobs that involve mostly mental activity.
  11. socioeconomic status (SES)
    A Composite ranking based on various dimensions of social inequality.
  12. Conspicuous consumption
    Buying and using products because of the "statement" they make about social position.
  13. Ideology
    Cultural beliefs that justify particular social arrangments, including patterns of inequality.
  14. Income
    earnings from work/investments
  15. Wealth
    The total value of money and other assets minus, outstanding debts.
  16. Intragenerational Social Mobility
    A change in social position occuring duringa persons lifetime.
  17. Intergenerational social Mobility
    Upward or downward social mobility of children in relation to their parents.
  18. Relative Poverty
    The lack of resources of some people in relation to those who have more.
  19. Absolute Poverty
    A lack of resources that is life-threatening.
  20. Feminization of poverty
    The trend of women makine up an increasing proportion of the poor.