a. Perception: is when a person gives meaning to a sensation from sight, hearing, touch, smell, and taste. For example: when a student learns how to do stalls from seeing, hearing and feeling the aircraft.
- b. Insight: is a grouping of perception. For example: The student doing stalls learns more about the power settings, and why we do certain things for stalls.
- c. Motivation: is dominant force which governs the student progress