spao final

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jenh12
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120118
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spao final
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2011-12-01 17:18:34
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spao final
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  1. chapter 7 motor speech disorders and dysphagia
    p 160
  2. 2 categories of motor speech disorders: apraxia of speech and the dysarthrias
    p 160
  3. respiration, phonation, articulation, nasal resonance, prosody
    p 160
  4. injury, disease or stroke
    p 160
  5. the big 3 neurogenic communication disorders: aphasia, apraxia of speech, and the dysarthrias
    p 161
  6. 3 types of apraxia: apraxia of speech (verbal), oral apraxia (buccofacial), limb apraxia (body)
    p 161
  7. aphasia
    often occurs with apraia of speech
    receptive aphasia, expressive aphasia, broca's aphasia,
    p 164
  8. broca: speech programming deficit
    164
  9. apraxia of speech
    broca's area (general area of affected during apraxia and aphasia. found in left hemisphere of the brain in most right-handed individuals
    164
  10. overshooting: carp vs car
    undershooting: dar vs car
    p 166
  11. when want to say CAR
    addition: k-s-ar vs car
    uh: schwa
    substitution: f for k so far vs car
    filler
    propositionality
    166
  12. therapy
    automatic speech
    other apraxias (3 apraxias discussed)
    p 167
  13. dysarthrias: group of motor speech disorders that can be classified based on the site and nature of damage to the brain and central nervous system; sometimes called neuromuscular disorders
    p 168
  14. types of dysarthria:
    ataxic, flaccid, hyperkinetic, hypokinetic, mixed, spastic

    spastic:in the state of prolonged partial or complete contraction
    p 169
  15. range of motion
    pitch range
    monopitch
    monoloudness
    p169
  16. flaccid dysarthria: the opposite of spastic
    results from lower motor neuron damage, and the motor unit is impaired

    final common pathway of neurological impulses

    a flacid muscle is weak and limp

    breathy or completely without the ability to make a voice (aphonic)

    unilateral adductor paralysis (1 vocal cord is completely or partially paralyzed)
    bilateral adductor paralysis
    inhalatory stridor
    midline
    hypernasality and nasal emissions
    interoral air pressure
    p 170
  17. ataxic dysarthria: results from damage to the cerebella system;prosody disorder
    cerebellum
    ataxia: coordination problem; ill timed & jerky

    cerebral palsy

    stress: amount of loudness one syllable has compared to another in a word

    your movements would appear ham-handed and clumsy (drunkard)

    coarticulation
    p 171
  18. hypokinetic dysarthria
    extrapyramidal system
    parkinson's disease
    indirect motor system
    dopamine

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