History Flashcards Chaprter 24-25: The Roaring Twenties

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History Flashcards Chaprter 24-25: The Roaring Twenties
2011-12-14 16:43:36
History notes Twenties Eureka High School

History notes for the roaring twenties
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  1. Red Scare
    • Post World War 1
    • Public hysteria over Boolshevic influence in the US
    • Directed agianst labor activists, radical dissenters, and some ethnic groups
    • US public feared that the Russians and other disendents of communist countries are trying to change the US
    • US feared that US would hace a revolution like that in Russia (common everyday yahoo would get equal pay as those higher up, all get basic nessesitities.

    Historical Significance: Led to distrust of immagrants, and the US shipped loads of people to Russia and like countries that are close if a person was a disendent or if they wanted to change the US
  2. Election of 1920
    • Wilson's peace on the issues of progressivism and peace came apart after the war
    • Workers resented the administration's hostility to the postwar strikes
    • Ethnic groups brutalized by the Americanization of the war years blamed Wilson for the war or condemmed his peace settlement.
    • Farmers didn't loke the wartime price controls, no did they like the fact that they went into debt when the war ended
    • Warren Harding (Republican) called for "normalacy"
    • Democrats nominated James Cox to continue Progressivism

    Historical Significance: Harding, like Grant, named his friends who caused problems, and even though he won by a large margin, afterwards, nobody wanted him back in office because many scandals happened during his time.
  3. Henry Ford
    • Henry paid his workers twice the amount of normal($5 compared to $2.50) workers so long as they worked hard
    • Henry wanted his workers to actually be able to buy his product, and made it as cheaply as possible
    • Henry Ford made the assimbley line productive by hiring a lot of workers, but having each one do only one job, therefore making it so they become specialized in that one job
    • symbol of modern America's mechaniztion & modernization
    • Became so efficent that he produced one Model T every 1- seconds

    Historical Significance: Mass production techniques change American Industry
  4. Factors of economic boom
    • Availability of electricity opend markets for appliances
    • car industry helped many other industries
    • Laissex faire polices aided business growth
    • Historical Significance: Poor people did not do so well, and continue to do so
  5. Booming industries
    • Huge war and post war profits provided investment capital that enabled business to mechanize
    • Mass prosuction spread quickly
    • Machine-made standardized parts and the moving assembly line aided the increased efficency and production
    • Credit is used, it allows people to pay things of over time, instead of paying it upfront. Allowed poor people to buy what they needed and sometimes something else as well
    • All types of industries flourished, and an aviation industry sprung up among others

    Historical Significance: The middle class and white collar and the wealthy class are the only classe that got better, farmers and blue collar workers and the poor classes got worse
  6. Attacks on Labor
    • Merging became popular in business
    • Great corporation swallowed up thousands of smaller firms
    • Spread of oligopy [control of an entire industy by a few giant firms]
    • Three companies [Ford, General Motors, and Chrysler] produced 83 percent of the nation's cars
    • Electric/power industries, nearly four thousand local utility companies were merged into a dozen of holding companies
    • Open shop is when employing workes whther or not they are union members becomes rare
    • Yellow dog contracts pop up agian

    Historical Significance: Many of the old Laissex Faire polices came back, low paying jobs, yellow dog contracts, etc.
  7. Harding Presidency
    • Republicans in 1920 had retained control of Congress and Put Warren Harding in the White House
    • Harding was neither capable nor bright, but he had a genial touch that contrasted favorably with Wilson.
    • He pardoned Debs, whom Wilson refused to release from prison, and spoke out agianst racial violence
    • Helped shape the modern precidency by supporting the Bidget and Accounting Acts
    • Was in presidency when the Teapot Dome Scandal happened
    • The teapot dome scandal is when Harding had bad friends. Oil fields in Teapot Dome were illegaly leased. Albert Fall was out in jail

    Historical Significance: Many other scandals happened during his precidency, and made the Republicans look bad
  8. Government Corruption
    • The Teapot Dome Scandal [look in Harding Presidency] was one of the scandals that happenes
    • Attorny General Daughterly escaped a faye of jail by destroying records and invoking the Fith Admentdment
    • Albert Fallm secretary of the interior, leased the petroleum reserves set aside by the progressive conservationalists to oil companies

    Historical Significance: The public started to not like the Republicans because of all the scandals that have happened in Hardings presidency
  9. 1924 Election
    • On August 3, 1923, Vice President Coolidge was sworn into presidency by his father while visiting his birthplace. This is because Harding died in office
    • Coolidge worked for 4 hours a day, was very Laissex Faire
    • Coolidge won election over John Davis and Robert Lafollette

    Historical Significace: Coolidge did not run for another presidency because he claimed it to be to much work even though he only worked for 4 hours then went home and took a nap
  10. Women's Reforms of the 1920's
    • At first, the adoption of women sufferage prompted politicians to champion women's reform issues
    • Both major parties endorsed many of the goals of the new League of Women Voters
    • Within a year, many states had granted women the right to serve on juries, several enacted equal pay laws, and Wisconsin adopted an equal rights law

    Historical Significance: The Sheppard-Towner Maternity and AInfancy Act, the first federal social welfare law, provided federla funds for infant and materninty care, precisely the type of protection legislation that the suffragists wanted
  11. Great Migration
    • African Americans moved from the south to the north during the war because there were a surplus of jobs
    • They did not want to go back to the south
    • Jobs were low paying, and unsecure, but was better than the extreme rural jobs in the south
    • Men worked as unskolled or semiskilled laborers.
    • Women became domestics in white homes

    Historical Significance: Black ghettos developed in Northern cities, but the African Americans put up with it because they really didn't want to go back south
  12. Harlem Renaissance
    • Marcus Garvey's UNIA sought to go "back to Africa"
    • Harlem Renaissance refers ro growth of pride, literature, artistry, from Africa
    • Marcus was accused of mail fruad, sold tickets to Africa even though his ship was not finished building

    Historical Significance: A new African American culural awareness that flourished in literature, art and music in the 1920's [example is Jazz]
  13. Consumer Society
    • advertising popular
    • Jazz Age
    • Music Popular
    • Flappers
    • women working

    Historical Significance: Urbanization has started
  14. Leisure of the 1920's
    • advertising popular
    • Jazz Age
    • Music Popular
    • Flappers
    • women working

    Historical Significance: Urbanization has started
  15. Leisure of the 1920's
    • Jazz
    • music
    • Movies
    • Buying stuff
    • Buying stock
    • Professional sports
    • Planes

    Historical Significance: people had time for leisure, not just what needed to be done.
  16. Flapper
    • New Women of the 1920's
    • drank
    • Smoked
    • short hair
    • short(ish) skirt
    • danced
    • self absorbsion

    Historical significance: Many people did not like flappers, but flappers led the way for make up to be poplular, girls to dance, wear skirts, etc.
  17. immagration issues
    • Red Scare
    • people distrusted immagrants
    • acco-Venzetti Trail (italians claimed to be killers, murdered, not the guys who did the crime)

    Historical Significance: Nativism became popular again. Immagration laws set.
  18. Scopes Trail
    • Trail of the century
    • Monkey Trail
    • Teacher taught evolution,was against the popular thought of how go created everything
    • was aimed at Darwins theory of evolution

    Historical Significane: Even though the church won, science was seeded into the minds of people, and eventualy, science won out.
  19. Kellog-briand pact
    • Signed by 64 nations
    • all nations agreed not to enter a war

    Historical significance: outlawed war, renounced agression, but no enforcments, good idea, but was not carried out/
  20. 1928 Election
    • Hoover versus Smith
    • Hoover won
    • Hoover was the guy people loved, great speaker, humble, LAIZZES FAIRE

    Historical Significance: Hoover went into office loved, went out of office hated, no president has ever had such a dramatic shift in support
  21. Causes of the Great deppression
    • Uneven concentration of wealth
    • *over 1/2 lacked purchasing power to buy more goods

    • Corporate domination
    • *oligopoliws created artifical supply/demand

    • Declining Trade
    • *Debt, reperatioons damaged Europe's ability yo buy US goods

    • Government Policies
    • *Unenforced Anti-Trust Laws
    • *Unregulated stock speculation
    • *Anti-labor laws
    • *High tarrifs

    • Over speculation
    • *Buying on credit