CJ Seminar

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  1. Types of Systems
    • Closed system - does not
    • interact with environment

    • Open system - in contact with
    • and interacts with environment
  2. The environment in which the justice process operates.
    Material environment

    • laws(crimes)
    • offenders

    Ideological environment

    • ideas
    • values
    • philosophy
    • morals
  3. Social Values and Criminal Justice
    Due Process vs. Crime Control

    Federalism vs. Uniformity

    Vengeance vs. Assistance

    • Rule of Law vs. Individualism
    • (individualization)

    • Balancing Conflicting Values
    • - In large part because of the need to balance competing values, the actors in the criminal justice process exercise discretion.
  4. Discretion
    • Discretion is the ability to choose. Regardless of the
    • specificity of applicable law, there is almost always room for “judgment calls.”

    • Three principle ways of
    • controlling discretion:

    • Confine by defining limits
    • Check by requiring review of decisions
    • Structure by providing guidance or guidelines
  5. The Basic Structure of the American Criminal Justice System
    Legislature

    Executive

    Judiciary

    Agencies
  6. The Basic American Criminal Justice Process
    Major decisions are:

    • Detection
    • Investigation
    • Arrest
    • Charging
    • Arraignment - the point where defendent pleads
    • Conviction
    • Sentencing
    • Correction- decisions about custody and supervision
    • Revocation-whether offender has broken probation/parole
    • Discharge

Card Set Information

Author:
Freecitizen
ID:
120176
Filename:
CJ Seminar
Updated:
2011-12-02 02:36:55
Tags:
Criminal Justice
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Description:
Exam notes
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