piganatomy

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The flashcards below were created by user julianamyduyen on FreezingBlue Flashcards.


  1. anterior/cranial
    towards the head
  2. posterior/caudal
    towards the rear
  3. distal vs. proximal
    • distal=further from the central axis
    • proximal=closer to central axis
  4. dorsal vs. ventral
    • dorsal=towards the back
    • ventral=away from the back, towards the belly
  5. frontal, sagittal, transverse
    • frontal=front&back
    • sagittal=divides the body into right&left portions
    • transverse=divides the body into upper and lower portions
  6. medial vs. lateral
    • medial=towards middle or median plane
    • lateral=away from middle or median plane
  7. rostral
    most forward portion of the body
  8. superior vs. inferior
    • superior=toward the top of the vertical plane
    • inferior=away from the top of the vertical plane
  9. thoracic, abdominal, and pelvic
    • thoracic=cranial region
    • abdominal=middle region
    • pelvic=rear region
  10. axial and appendicular
    • axial=bones that lie along central axis of the body
    • appendicular=bones that lie outside of the central axis
  11. adduction&abduction
    • adduction=moving arms towards the body
    • abduction=moving arms away from the body
  12. aponeurosis
    a sheetlike tendinous expansion, mainly serving to connect a muscle with the parts it moves
  13. fascia
    a binding connective tissue that surrounds muscles/groups of muscles
  14. flexor and extensor
    • flexor=A muscle that when contracted acts to bend a joint or limb in the body
    • extensor=A muscle that extends or straightens a limb or body part
  15. insertion&origin
    • insertion=the point of a tendon or ligament onto the skeleton or other part of the body
    • origin= the place or point at which a part or structure arises
  16. tendon
    fibrous connective tissue that connects the muscle to the bone
  17. Image Upload
    skeletal muscle
  18. Image Upload
    cardiac muscle
  19. Image Upload
    smooth muscle
  20. Image Upload
    • top=artery
    • bottom=vein
    • lumen=inside of both of them
  21. pes
    the hindfeet of a pig or just the foot or the hoof of a pig
  22. manus
    front limbs of a pig(distal portion)
  23. brachium
    the part of the forelimb extending from the shoulder to the elbow
  24. Atlas and axis
    first two cervical vertebrae
  25. Image Upload
  26. Image Upload
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  28. Image Upload
  29. vein&arteries
    • red=artery
    • blue=vein

Card Set Information

Author:
julianamyduyen
ID:
120291
Filename:
piganatomy
Updated:
2011-12-02 23:34:04
Tags:
practical
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Description:
bio
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