DA317 Unit test#2

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karlap
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120300
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DA317 Unit test#2
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2012-03-11 22:57:48
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DA317 Unit test
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DA317 Unit test#2
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  1. The _____ of the anesthetic syringe locks into the rubber stopper of the anesthetic cartridge so that the stopper can be retracted by pulling back on the piston rod
    harpoon
  2. A(n) _____ is what a patient tells you regarding how he or she feels or what he or she is experiencing; a _____ is what you observe in a patient
    symptom; sign
  3. Anesthesia is defined as _____.
    the temporary loss of feeling or sensation
  4. When the patient’s hands go to his throat, as spasms of coughing or choking occur during an emergency, it indicates _____.
    aspiration of a foreign object
  5. The cells of the brain are irreversibly damaged after _____ without oxygen
    4 to 6 minutes
  6. The ABCDs of basic life support stand for _____.
    airway, breathing, circulation, and defibrillation
  7. Lead foil from the radiographic film should be _____.
  8. The most frequently used drug in a medical emergency is _____.
    oxygen
  9. Scrap dental amalgam should be collected and stored in _____.
    a designated, dry, airtight container
  10. To be certain the anesthetic solution is not injected into a blood vessel, the dentist _____.
  11. During an emergency, it is most likely that the _____ will call emergency services and remain on the telephone at all times to obtain appropriate medical assistance
    business assistant
  12. A short-acting local anesthetic agent can last from _____.
    60 to 180 minutes
  13. During the loading of an anesthetic syringe, the _____ is loaded first
    anesthetic cartridge
  14. The lengths of the needles used in dentistry are _____.
    1 inch and mc041-7.jpg1 5/8 inches









  15. Which government agency enforces the disposal of regulated waste?

    EPA
  16. The agents that provide a temporary numbing effect on nerve endings located on the surface of the oral mucosa are _____
    topical anesthetics
  17. The use of an anesthetic solution without a vasoconstrictor is recommended for patients with a history of _____.
    recent myocardial infarction
  18. The gauge of the needle refers to the thickness of the needle; the larger the gauge, the _____ the needle
    thinner
  19. Which of the following choices represents the lowest ratio, meaning greatest concentration, of vasoconstrictor in local anesthetic?
    1:20,000
  20. Any chemical that can cause either a physical or health hazard is _____.
    a hazardous chemical
  21. Material Safety Data Sheets contain health and safety information about
    every chemical in the office
  22. A medical emergency can happen at any time, so it is important for the dental assistant to
    be alert and continuously observe the patient to watch for problems
  23. The most frequently used form of pain control in dentistry is _____.
    local anesthesia
  24. Hazard communication program training is required _____ for all continuing employees
    once a year
  25. Latex gloves worn during patient care do not provide adequate protection when handling chemicals, because
    the latex in the gloves degrades when exposed to chemical disinfectants
  26. The different levels of consciousness and unconsciousness are referred to as stages of anesthesia; these stages include which of the following?
  27. Absolute medical contraindications to nitrous oxide use _____.
    do not exist, but certain conditions make it a poor choice for some patients
  28. Any unexplained chest pain should be treated as _____.
    a potential acute myocardial infarction
  29. The color-coding system for anesthetic cartridges allows the practitioner to select the correct anesthetic solution by distinguishing _____.
    the correct brand of solution
  30. Most emergencies in the dental office occur _____ or at the onset of a procedure
    during or immediately after administration of local anesthesia
  31. Used radiographic fixer _____.
    may be managed on site with installation of a silver recovery system
  32. Intravenous sedation _____.
    may be monitored by a certified dental assistant in some states after completion of a board-approved course
  33. A victim who immediately feels the effects of a chemical spill, with symptoms of dizziness, headache, nausea, and vomiting, is experiencing
    acute chemical toxicity
  34. The dental assistant’s responsibility in an emergency situation is ____

  35. For a topical anesthetic ointment to have optimum effectiveness, it must remain on the site of injection for _____.
    1 minute
  36. Eyewash units _____.
    must be installed in every workplace where chemicals are used, according to OSHA regulations
  37. Emergency telephone numbers should _____.
    include local police, firefighters, and emergency medical services (EMS) personnel
  38. Dermatitis may occur following chemical exposure by _____.
    skin contact
  39. If a medical emergency involving a patient arises, the dentist and staff are responsible for providing emergency care until _____.
    more qualified personnel arrive
  40. The Hazard Communication Standard requires employers to inform their employees about the _____ of chemicals that they use in the workplace
    identity and hazards
  41. If a pregnant patient feels dizzy or lightheaded while in a supine position, the patient should be _____.
    turned onto her left side or moved into an upright sitting position
  42. _____ is considered regulated waste and requires special disposal
    Human tissue
  43. When a chemical is transferred to a different container, the new container _____.
    may be labeled with any label, providing the labeling system is easy to use and all employees are properly trained to understand and read the label
  44. Nitrous oxide/oxygen analgesia use in dentistry dates back to 1844 and is also known as _____.
    inhalation sedation
  45. When defibrillation is provided within the first five minutes of cardiac arrest, there is about a _____% chance that you can save the victim’s life
    50
  46. Ventricular fibrillation causes _____ % of cases of cardiac
    80 TO 90
  47. An allergy is an altered state of reactivity in body tissues in response to specific _____.
    antigens
  48. _____ is a condition in which numbness remains after the effects of the local anesthetic solutions should have worn off
    Paresthesia
  49. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is also known as _____.
    basic life support
  50. General anesthesia is most safely administered in _____.
    the hospital

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