Pharmacology terms

Card Set Information

Pharmacology terms
2011-12-02 17:56:34
Pharmacology terms

Pharmacology terms
Show Answers:

  1. addiction
    physical and psychological dependence on and craving for a drug
  2. antidote
    agent given to counteract an unwanted effect of a drug
  3. brand name
    commercial name for a drug, trademark or trade name
  4. chemical name
    chemical formula of a drug
  5. generic name
    legal noncommercial name for a drug
  6. indication
    reasons to prescribe a medication
  7. contraindication
    dangerous, ill-advised use
  8. controlled substance
    drugs that produce tolerance and dependence and have potential for abuse or addiction
  9. dependence
    prolonged use of a drug that may lead to physiologic need for its actions in the body
  10. dose
    amount of drug administered, usually measured in milligrams
  11. FDA
    food and drug administration, U.S government agency having the legal responsibility for enforcing proper drug manufacture and clinical use
  12. USP
    United States Pharmacopeia, authoritative list of drugs, formulas, and prepartations that sets a standard for drug manufacturing and dispensing
  13. idiosyncratic reaction
    unexpected effect produced in a particularly sensitive patient but not seen in most people
  14. PDR
    physicians' desk reference, a reference book that lists drug products
  15. pharmacodynamics
    study of the effects and strength of a drug within the body
  16. pharamcokinetics
    study of drug concentration in tissues and body fluids over a period of time
  17. pharmacist
    specialist in preparing and dispensing drugs
  18. pharmocologist
    specialist in the study of the properties, uses, and actions of drugs
  19. resistance
    lack of beneficial response, seen when drugs are unable to control the disease process
  20. side effect
    adverse reaction, usually minor, that routinely results from the use of a drug
  21. tolerance
    larger and larger drug doses must be given to achieve the desired effect
  22. toxicity
    harmful effects of a drug
  23. vitamin
    substance found in foods and essential in small quantities for growth and good health
  24. oral administration
    drugs are given by mouth
  25. sublingual administration
    drugs are given by placement under the tongue
  26. rectal administration
    drugs are inserted through the anus into the rectum
  27. parental administration
    drugs are given by injection into the skin, muscles, or veins (any route other than through the digestive tract)
  28. inhalation administration
    administration of drugs in gaseous or vapor form through the nose or mouth
  29. topical administration
    drugs are applied locally on the skin or mucous membranes of the body
  30. narcotic
    habit-forming drug that relieves pain by producing stupor or insensibility
  31. NSAIDS (IBP)
    nonsteriodal anti-inflammatory drugs, are not steriod hormones, act on tissues to inhibit prostaglandins(hormone-like susbstances that sensitize peripheral pain receptors) example: aspirin
  32. anesthetic
    reduces or eliminates senstation
  33. analgesic
    relieves pain
  34. antibiotics
    chemical substance, produced by a plant or microorganism, that has the ability to inhibit or destroy foreign organisms in the body
  35. antiviral
    acts against viruses
  36. antidepressants
    relieves symptoms of depression
  37. SSRI
    selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, an antidepressant
  38. APAP
    acetaminophen (Tylenol)
  39. MAOI
    monoamine oxidase inhibitor, an antidepressant
  40. antihistamines
    blocks the action of histamine and helps prevent symptoms of allergy
  41. anticoagulants
    prevents blood clotting
  42. stimulants
    excites and promotes activity
  43. sedative
    a mildly hypnotic drug that relaxes without necessarily producing sleep
  44. hypnotics
    produces sleep or a trance-like state
  45. tranquilizers
    controls anxiety and severe disturbances of behavior
  46. heart drugs(cardiovascular)
    acts on the heart and blood vessels
  47. endocrine drug
    a hormone or hormone-like drug
  48. GI drug
    relieves symptoms of diseases in the gastrointestinal tract
  49. respiratory drug
    treats asthma, emphysema, and infections of teh respiratory system (lungs)
  50. antidiabetics
    drug given to prevent or treat diabetes mellitus
  51. anticonvulsants
    prevents convulsions (abnormal brain activity)
  52. antiosteoporosis
    fights osteoporosis
  53. ac
    before meals
  54. bid
    two times a day
  55. c (with a line above the c)
  56. gtt
  57. p
  58. prn
    as needed, as necessary
  59. q
  60. s(with a line above it)
  61. Rx
  62. hs
    at bedtime