Psychiatry terms

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denali1316
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120331
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Psychiatry terms
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2011-12-02 18:41:34
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Psychiatry terms
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Psychiatry terms
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  1. psychiatrist
    physician (MD) with medical training in diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders
  2. child psychiatrist
    diagnosis and treating childrens' mental disorders
  3. forensic psychiatrist
    specializing in legal considerations such as criminal responsibility, guardianship, and competence to stand trial
  4. psychologist
    nonmedical professional specializing in mental processes and how the brain functions in health and disease
  5. clinical psychologist
    provides testing and counseling services to patients with mental and emotional diseases
  6. experimental psychologist
    performs laboratory tests and experiments in a controlled environment to study mental processes
  7. social psychologist
    studies the effects of group membership on behavior and attitudes of individuals
  8. psychotherapy
    treatment of emotional problems by using psychological techniques
  9. psychoanalysis
    treatment that allows the patient to explore inner emotions and conflicts so as to understand and change current behavior, created by Freud- talk about past
  10. defense mechanism
    unconscious technique (coping mechanism) a person uses to resolve or conceal conflicts and anxiety, protects the individual against anxiety and stress,
  11. psychosis
    a disorder marked by loss of contact with reality, often with delusions and hallucinations
  12. OCD
    anxiety disorder in which recurrent thoughts and repetitive acts dominate behavior
  13. obsession
    an involuntary, persistent idea or emotion
  14. compulsion
    uncontrollable urge to perform an act repeatedly
  15. PTSD
    • Post traumatic stress disorder
    • anxiety-related symptoms appear after personal experience of a traumatic event
  16. cognition
    thinking, judgment, reasoning
  17. delirium
    confused thinking, disorientation, changes in alertness, difficulty paying attention, and fearfulness
  18. dementia
    loss of intellectual abilities with impairment of memory, judgment, and reasoning as well as changes in personality
  19. fugue
    flight from customary surroundings
  20. anorexia nervosa
    eating disorder with excessive dieting and refusal to maintain a normal body weight
  21. bulimia nervosa
    eating disorder with binge eating followed by vomiting, purging and depression
  22. manic
    extreme excitement, hyperactive elation, and agitation
  23. hypomania
    lesser intensity of mania
  24. cyclothymic disorder
    a mild form of bipolar disorder characterized by at least 2 years of hypomania and numerous depressive episodes
  25. euphoria
    very good feelings
  26. dysphoria
    sadness, hopelessness, worry, discouragement
  27. SAD
    • seasonal affective disorder
    • a regular appearance of depression may occur for about 60 days, between the beginning of October and end of November, every year- occurs in Alaska
  28. personality disorder
    when personality traits become inflexible and rigid adn are the source of impaired functioning, distress, and conflict with others
  29. autism
    pervasive developmental disorder characterized by inhibited social interaction and communication and by restricted, repetitive behavior
  30. Asperger syndrome
    usually want to interact with others but dont know how to, have difficulty with abstract concepts
  31. Schizophrenia
    • positive symptoms: thought disorder, hallucinations, delusions, and disorders of movement
    • negative symptoms: flat affect, impaired social functioning
  32. somatoform disorder
    presence of physical symptoms that can't be explained by an actual physical disorder or other well-described mental disorder such as depression
  33. psychological dependence
    compulsion to continue taking a drug despite adverse consequences
  34. physical dependence
    characterized by the onset of withdrawal symptoms when the drug is discontinued abruptly
  35. anxiety disorder
    disorder characterized by anxiety- the experience of unpleasant tension, distress, troubled feelings, and avoidance behavior
  36. phobic disorders
    charcterized by irrational or debilitating fears associated with a specific object or situation
  37. paraphilia
    recurrent intense sexual urge, fantasy, or behavior that involves unusual objects, activities, or situations
  38. sexual dysfunction
    impotence
  39. amnesia
    loss of memory
  40. anxiety
    varying degrees of uneasiness, apprehension, or dread often accompanied by palpitations, tightness in the chest, breathlessness, and choking sensations
  41. apathy
    absence of emotions, lack of interest, emotional involvement, or motivation
  42. compulsion
    uncontrollable urge to perform an act repeatedly
  43. conversion
    anxiety becomes a bodily symptom, such as blindness, deafness, or paralysis, that doesn't have a physical basis
  44. delusion
    a fixed, false belief that can't be changed by logical reasoning or evidence
  45. dissociation
    uncomfortable feelings are separated from their real object
  46. hallucination
    false or unreal sensory perception
  47. labile
    variable, undergoing rapid emotional change
  48. mutism
    little speech and negative or minimal thoughts and behavior
  49. paranoia
    overlay suspicious system of thinking,

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