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  1. A client is sweating and his/her face is red.
    • Take a short break and then continue training – This is not a dangerous
    • situation.
  2. A client has a headache.
    • Stop the session and send the client home to rest – This is not a dangerous
    • situation, but the client should not continue training at this point.
  3. a client experiences chest pain.
    Call an ambulance – This is a potentially dangerous situation.
  4. A client has a fever.
    • Stop the session and send the client home to rest – This is not a dangerous
    • situation, but the client should not continue training at this point.
  5. A client has arthritis and is complaining of
    inflamed joints.
    • Stop the session and send the client home to rest – This is not a dangerous
    • situation, but the client should not continue training at this point.
  6. Your client has a fast, weak pulse and a bloated stomach. He/she most likely is
    suffering from which condition?
    □ severe dehydration
    □ muscle fatigue
    □ heat cramps
    □ heat stroke
    □ moderate dehydration
    • Severe dehydration – This is a potentially dangerous situation, and professional
    • medical assistance should be sought.
  7. Your client has a flushed face and experiences dizziness that gets worse when
    standing. He/she most likely is experiencing which of the following?
    □ severe dehydration
    □ muscle fatigue
    □ heat cramps
    □ heat stroke
    □ moderate dehydration
    • Moderate dehydration – It is important to know the difference between
    • moderate and severe dehydration. Medical assistance is not necessary for
    • moderate dehydration.
  8. peripheral artery disease
    arteries supplying blood to your legs (or to your arms) has become blocked or partially blocked, usually because ofatherosclerosis
  9. A client is experiencing cramping in the legs and buttocks. This would
    Symptoms of peripheral artery disease
  10. Excessive exercising may be a sign of which of the following disorders?
    • Anorexia nervosa – Individuals with this disorder have distorted views of their
    • bodies and may believe that excessive exercise is necessary.
  11. If your client is experiencing ventricular ejection, what is the BEST course of
    • Push through it – Ventricular ejection is a normal part of the cardiac process.
    • It refers to when blood is ejected from the ventricle.
  12. What is the appropriate course of action if your client is experiencing tight
    muscles and heavy breathing during aerobic exercise?
    • Reduce intensity – This is the best course of action to take to avoid injury or
    • over-training and to allow the client to get the most benefit from his/her
    • aerobic exercise.
  13. What do you do if your client is showing signs of pallor during a fitness
    • Discontinue the session – This could be a symptom of something more
    • serious, and it is recommended that you refer the client to a medical
    • professional.
  14. Your client is recovering from abdominal surgery. What exercises would you
    • None of the above – You should consult the client's physician for
    • recommendations and consent before beginning an exercise program with this
    • client.
  15. What is the best amount of weight loss per week for a safe weight-loss
    • 1 to 2 pounds – Many organizations recommend, however, that weight loss
    • occur at a maximum of 1 pound per week for reasons of health and safety.
  16. Valsalva maneuver
    Valsalva maneuver can be performed by forcibly exhaling against closed lips and holding your breath while exerting force into the abdominal region, as during defecation. It also can cause a temporary alteration in heart rate and blood pressure.
  17. All of these exercises are considered auxillary lifts except:
    □ lat pulldowns
    □ arm curls
    □ dips
    □ sit ups
    Lat pulldowns
  18. Bench press and squats are examples of what kind of lifts?
    Core lifts – The primary force is exerted through the core.
  19. Your client experiences pain while exercising that radiates into the jaw, neck
    and esophagus. He/she is most likely experiencing:
    • Angina – This condition results from a lack of blood flow and causes a feeling
    • of suffocating pain.
  20. The female athlete triad consists of which of the following? (choose ALL
    correct answers):
    □ occasional decrease in appetite
    □ high estrogen levels
    □ osteoporosis
    □ lack of menstruation
    • Osteoporosis and lack of menstruation – The third element is disorderly eating
    • patterns (not occasional decrease in appetite). Most female athletes experience
    • a decrease in estrogen levels due to exercise.
  21. Diagnosing a client's medical condition:
    □ is acceptable as long as you insist the client sees a doctor
    □ is negligent
    □ can expose you to liability
    □ should never be done; it is best to ignore any suspicious conditions
    • Can expose you to liability – You should never diagnose a medical condition
    • because the client views you as an authority figure and may not seek
    • additional medical advice.
  22. Your client’s heart rate is remaining steady despite a substantial increase in
    exercise intensity. What should you do?
    • Refer client to a physician – This is a sign of a potentially serious cardiac
    • problem.
  23. Your client wants to lose 25 pounds. What is the safest timeline for achieving
    this goal?
    • 25 weeks (one pound per week) – However, some professionals claim it is
    • safe to lose up to 2 pounds per week (which would mean 15 weeks is
    • acceptable). Still, the SAFEST timeline is 25 weeks.
  24. Chronic fatigue, eating disorders, muscle soreness and joint aches are all signs
  25. Which best describes the recovery position?
    • Laterally recumbent – The recovery position is a first aid technique
    • recommended for assisting people who are unconscious, or nearly so, but are
    • still breathing.
  26. A beta blocker is a(n):
    Hypertension medicine
  27. True or False? Walking can help build bone density.
    • True – Walking is a great activity for older individuals who are at a greater
    • risk of losing bone density.
  28. Which statement is NOT true about muscle glycogen depletion?
    □ causes injury
    □ causes fatigue
    □ causes muscle growth
    □ is reduced by carbohydrate loading
    • Causes muscle growth – Muscles need glycogen to grow and to function
    • properly. When muscle glycogen is depleted, it can cause fatigue and injury. Carbohydrate loading can decrease muscle glycogen depletion.
  29. True or False? Different muscle fibers are used for different tasks.
    True – Muscles can perform a variety of tasks using its different fibers.
  30. diaphragm is
    • The diaphragm is flat when contracted is the TRUE statement. The diaphragm
    • is the muscle used for breathing, and it is an involuntary muscle.
  31. Neurons that communicate with each other are called:
  32. the Kinetic chain is made up of the:
    The nervous, muscular and skeletal systems all form the kinetic chain.
  33. A neural end organ (like a tactile receptor) that responds to a mechanical
    stimulus (like a change in pressure) is called a(n):
  34. Which term refers to a muscle activity with no change in muscle length?
  35. When a muscle is stretched, primary sensory fibers of the ____________
    respond to both the velocity and the degree of stretch.
    Muscle spindle
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pass pass
2011-12-03 05:03:22

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