Race and Policy

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Casefem024
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120425
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Race and Policy
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2011-12-04 01:20:51
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Race policy
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Race and Policy
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  1. Saggin
    • -Saggin started with Prison males
    • -Became popular with young minority males
    • -Football player kicked off airplane for saggin"indicent exposure"
    • -Personal responsibility
    • -Saggin pants symbolizes negative condentations of minority males in prison
    • -By wearing saggin pants you are saying you are not apart of mainstream and inferior or refuse success.
    • -Saggin is a lead to prison- by mimicking their style and surrendering the white flag.
  2. Globalization
    • Global distribution between countries.
    • America sends labor or work to other countries which have cause less jobs in many industries in American soil.
    • Example- Millions of factory jobs in American for low skilled workers were shipped out to other countries for cheaper cost.
    • These jobs helped low skilled workers to obtain a incomes to be successful economically to obtain the american dream of owning houses- food and a better living without an education.
    • Now it is starting to effect the middle class by sending jobs like engineering and other jobs to other countries.
    • This help start Occupy LA
    • America companies are about cost saving and low labor cost.
  3. Deindustrialization
    • Is the result of Globalization
    • A decline in industrial activity-labor-jobs.
    • Because of outsourcing jobs- millions of factory and steel mills closed.
    • causing factory workers to lose jobs, going on welfare,impoverished causing crime, etc.
    • Causes a negative trickle effect no jobs no spending no money circulating in a town, town is impoverished, or abandoned.
    • -Reminder of Consumner buying non american cars
  4. Standing
    • Ability of a party to show sufficient connection of harm from the law or action that is challenged to support the partys participation in the case.
    • If the plantiff cannot prove that the law or policy effects them and is harmed by such law they cannot bring up the suit.
    • This is connected to Parents involved in Communit Schools v Seattle School Distric No.1-which had no standing since no child has yet been affected beacuse the policy has not gone in affect.
  5. Legal Fiction
    • A rule assuming as true something that is clearly false.
    • A fiction is often used to get around the provisions of constitutions and legal codes that legislators are hesitant to change or encumber with specific limitations.
    • Example is Parents vs Seattle avoiding that there is no standing and taking the case in anyway - there was a history of racism and segregation in schools in Seattle and ignoring the letters that prove so.
  6. Socialism
    • Government ownership
    • Important b/c used to describe Obama Care- When he does not want to take over- just healthcare assesible to everyone
    • Example of using words to confuse people who are not educated on new policies.
    • His a Heterosexual who believes in monogamy.
  7. Negro (Tatum’s usage of the term)
    • Negro term became prominent in the 1920’s, used a physical description
    • a racist assessment of behavior, (fear that it is pathological)
    • which is associated with lower class and those who lack of education.
    • “African Americans have become enshrined as negroes under the law” (Tatum).
    • The negro was and still is the entity white America is attempting to keep out of their gene pool.
    • The term Negro remained the standard designation throughout the 17th to 19th centuries, and was still used as a standard designation, preferred by prominent black American campaigners such as W. E. B. DuBois and Booker T. Washington, until the middle years of the 20th cent. With the rise of the Black Power movement in the 1960s, the designation black was reclaimed as an expression of racial pride and, since then, the term Negro (together with related terms such as Negress) has fallen from favour and is now typically regarded as out of date or even offensive in both British and American English. Negro is still, however, used in positive contexts as part of the names of certain organizations, particularly the United Negro College Fund, and in historical context, with reference to baseball's Negro Leagues.
    • African American or Afro American or Afrikan American is re assessment, re labeling of the term negro for the sake of cultural identity
    • A connection with a broader sense of identity.
  8. FHA Loans
    • FHA loans were established by the national housing act of 1934.FHA LOAN Federal Housing Admin. origins from the National Housing act of1934
    • A government loan for housing given to FHA for low poverished families.
    • Funding for family housingInsures 80% of the value of the home
    • Accelerated the growth of suburban areas
    • Loans became more affordable especially in areas of high property value suburbs and white neighborhoods
    • Having African Americans in a neighborhood would decrease the value so in effect the FHA use a system of redlining to keep property values high in order to prevent home owners to default due to a lack of equity in the value of the home
    • African American neighborhoods were left to decay and low property values which does not promote financial investment.
    • VA LOANS do the same thing but only for approved veterans and it covers 100% of the value of the Home.
  9. Prison Industrial Complex
    • is a term used to attribute the rapid expansion of the US inmate population to the political influence of private prison companies and businesses that supply goods and services to government prison agencies.
    • The term often implies a network of actors who are motivated by making profit rather than solely by punishing or rehabilitating criminals or reducing crime rates.
  10. Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education
    • (1971) was an important United States Supreme Court case dealing with the busing of students to promote integration in public schools.
    • the Court held that busing was an appropriate remedy for the problem of racial imbalance among schools, even where the imbalance resulted from the selection of students based on geographic proximity to the school rather than from deliberate assignment based on race.·
    • This was done to ensure the schools would be "properly" integrated and that all students would receive equal educational opportunities regardless of their race.·
    • Busing students to promote integration is constitutional.
  11. Obama Health Care Plan
    • Obamacare requires everyone to obtain health insurance, which some americans have deemed this unconstitutional.
    • That it is socialism- and ran by gov't
    • not socialism

    • 3 Parts
    • 1 requires insurance to provide for anyone who wants it
    • 2 Everyone to have health insurance
    • 3 provides subsides

    • This is been challenged by supreme court- to change supreme court need standing. goes in affect 2014 no standing
    • will cover poor people
    • expansion of medicaid

    Nixon had this healthcare plan before obama
  12. Recidivism
    • relaspe into criminal behavior
    • experienced negative consequences of that behavior, or have been treated or trained to extinguish that behavior.·
    • percentage of former prisoners who are rearrested· Identifieso
    • Lack of rehabilitationo
    • Criminal propensityo
    • A system engaged in…
  13. Three Strikes
    • 1994 California policy that sought to win the war on crime. After three felonies, the convict will receive a punishment of life in prison without parole until 25 years has been served. It is a policy that has been adopted by over 25 other states.
    • require the state courts to hand down a mandatory and extended period of incarceration to persons who have been convicted of a serious criminal offense on three or more separate occasions.
    • These statutes became very popular in the 1990s.
    • Twenty-four states have some form of habitual offender laws.
    • The name comes from Baseball, where a batter is permitted two strikes before striking out on the third. (KKK)The Three Strikes law significantly increases the prison sentences of persons convicted of felonies who have been previously convicted of a violent crime or serious felony, and limits the ability of these offenders to receive a punishment other than a prison sentence.
    • Violent and serious felonies are specifically listed in state laws.Violent offenses include murder, robbery of a residence in which a deadly or dangerous weapon is used, rape and other sex offenses; serious offenses include the same offenses defined as violent offenses, but also include other crimes such as burglary of a residence and assault with intent to commit a robbery or murder.
  14. Health Care
    • U.S. best health care in the U.S.
    • 80% of U.S. GDP goes to vast technologies of medical aid
    • Most expensive in the worldProblem is with the delivery system health care
    • 45 million in U.S. are uninsured
    • Admisintered fee for service changed to managed care
    • HMO
    • PPO
  15. Health Care continued
    • Socialized medicince
    • Medical institutions owned by Goct. Doctors wordk for the Govt.
    • Universal Health care
    • Mandated health insuranceCompany and employers
    • Govt. subsidizes those that don’t have it.
    • Preventative care
    • General practitioner
    • Inequality in America
    • Access
    • Cost
    • Quality
  16. Parents involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District No.1
    • Holding:
    • The student assignment plan of Seattle Public Schools and Jefferson County Public Schools does not meet the narrowly tailored and compelling interest requirements for a race-based assignment plan because it is used only to achieve "racial balance." Public schools may not use race as the sole determining factor for assigning students to schools. Race-conscious objectives to achieve diverse school environment may be acceptable.decided together with Meredith v. Jefferson County Board of Education, is a decision of the U.S. Supreme Court that prohibited assigning students to public schools solely for the purpose of achieving racial integration and declined to recognize racial balancing as a compelling state interest. In a 5-4 opinion delivered by Chief Justice John Roberts, five justices held that the School Boards did not present any "compelling state interest" that would justify the assignment of school seats on the basis of race. Associate Justice Anthony Kennedy filed a concurrence that presented a more narrow interpretation, stating that schools may use "race conscious" means to achieve diversity in schools but that the schools at issue in this case did not use a sufficiently narrow tailoring of their plans to sustain their goals. Four justices dissented from the Court's conclusions.None of the nine Supreme Court justices disputed that, as Justice Kennedy put it, the case was "argued on the assumption...that the discrimination in question did not result from de jure [i.e. state-sponsored] actions." This made the case different from Brown v. Board of Education. All of the dissenting justices acknowledged that "the Constitution does not impose a duty to desegregate upon districts," if the districts have not practiced racial discrimination. However, the dissenters argued that the Constitution permits such desegregation even though it does not require it.

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