Study Beatles Final

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Study Beatles Final
2011-12-08 02:08:04

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  1. Tomorrow Never Knows
    • Released August 5, 1966 (last track on album Revolver) on parlophone record label
    • - written by John Lennon
    • - it was originally titled mark one
    • - this would be known as an LSD drug song
    • - LSD was originally a legal drug for medicine, but in 1963 became illegal
    • - Tibetan Book of the Dead: book that has to do with the soul transcending into nirvana.
    • - Real LSDsong
    • - Dechronicization
    • - moving outside the normal conventional modes of time
    • - Depersonalization
    • - losing the ego. Transcending and letting go
    • - Dynamization
    • - everything seems to bend. Lose distinctness in being able to define objects
    • - the singing and drums and everything else never really syncs. Only one chord used
  2. Eleanor Rigby
    Written by PM

    • released august 5, 1966
    • Released in Revolver Album as well as on a 45 rpm single. B-side to the Yellow Submarine single

    • -album and single were released simultaneously
    • - double string quartet by George Martin
    • - PM recalls that he found the name father McKenzie after looking through the phone book. the father part came from him thinking of his dad (father McCartney)
    • - The name eleanor came from Eleanor Bron, who had starred with the Beatles in the film Help
    • - Bernard Hermann
    • - He was a composer and some of his works had a direct impact on the music that went into Eleanor Rigby
    • - The score for François Truffaut's Fahrenheit 451 had an impact on George Martin's staccato string arrangment for the song.
  3. Love You To
    • Written by George Harrison
    • Released August 5 1966 in album revolver by parlophone records
    • - North Indian (Hindustani) classical music
    • - Used sitar (ravi shankar), tamboura, tabla
    • - really showing his interest in Indian music in the recording studio
    • - Tambora instrument used
    • - Alap and Dhrupad
    • - introduction and the Dhrupad is the main singing section
    • - Singer + single melodic instrument (sitar)
    • - Swarmandal
    • - plus vocals, tambourine, pen fifths on electric guitar, with volume-tone pedal and fuzztone
    • - GH in singing
    • - opens with harp like sound swarmandel
  4. Paperback Writer
    • - Single released 10 June 1966 in the UK
    • - Written by PM
    • - Released as the A-side of the single
    • - On the other side was Rain by JL
    • Similarities between PW and Rain
    • - wall to wall sound
    • - drone like harmony
    • - special effects in both
    • Differences
    • - rain is a very slow song
  5. Rain
    • Written by JL
    • Released 10 June 1966 in the UK
    • B-side of the paperback writer single
    • There was backward recording in this song which gave it a sort of "sucking" effect
    • Tape speeds - speeds of the tape varied in playback to give different sound effects
  6. Penny Lane
    • written by PM
    • Released 17 February 1967 in the UK as one side of a double A-sided record
    • - Also included in the magical mystery tour LP
    • - the name penny lane came from the fact that there was a road Penny Lane that PM and JL would meet on.
    • - it was in liverpool
    • Similarities to Strawberry fields forever
    • - both are titled about places in liverpool
    • - psychadelic lyrics
    • - orchestral score, varispeed recording (recording at a certain speed and then playing it back at a different speed)
    • Differences
    • - "SFF" is lazily horizontal (almost a single not melodically - Lennon's melody)
    • - "PL" is vertical in tune and harmony (PM's tone very melodic)
  7. Strawberry Fields Forever
    • John wrote the song on an acoustic guitar
    • b-side of Penny Lane single
    • released 17 february 1967 in UK

    • - Take 7("airy")
    • - Mellotron
    • - Guitar
    • - Drums
    • - Take 26 ("Heavy")
    • - 4 trumpets
    • - 3 cellos
    • - Guitar
    • - Swaramandal (heavily reverbed)
    • - Other effects, instruments
    • - Free form outro (fade in/fade out)

    • Strawberry Fields Forever
    • - Final Version
    • - Intro (w. Mellotron) = take 7
    • - Chorus ("Let me take you down")
    • - Verse ("Living is easy")
    • - Chorus (changes to take 26 at "I'm going to ...") @ 1'00"
    • - Verse ("No one Ithink is in my tree")
    • - Chorus ("Let me Take you down")

    • - Final Version
    • - Intro (w. Mellotron) = take 7
    • - Chorus ("Let me take you down")
    • - Verse ("Living is easy")
    • - Chorus (changes to take 26 at "I'm going to ...") @ 1'00"
    • - Verse ("No one Ithink is in my tree")
    • - Chorus ("Let me Take you down")
  8. Sgt Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band
    • released 1 june 1967
    • released on the album sgt. peppers lonely hearts club band
    • written PM

    • Edwardian period combined with psychedelia
    • - very different combination of musical styles in this song
    • - Starts with tuning up of orchestra and then goes to electric guitar
    • - Then there is appluase and laughter followed by trumpets
    • - Last song is kinda of a closing song that ends the "show"

    • - Recording Sessions
    • - 24 Nov. 1966 through 1 April 1967
    • - Yielded 16 songs
    • - Overall themes
    • - Childhood in Liverpool
    • - Alter ego for the band that the Beatles could pretend to be
    • Beginning of the hippie movement particularly in the US. Autobiographical in nature 'childhood'. Really only the first two songs did this. Both released as singles
  9. Within You Without You
    • George Harrison
    • released on album sgt. peppers lonely hearts club band
    • released 1 june 1967

    • - Product of GH's studies of sitar, meditation, and Hindu beliefs
    • - GH (sitar, vocals, tamboura)
    • - Indian musicians (tabla, swaramandal, dilruba [violin-like instrument])
    • - Orchestral score by George Martin (8 violins, 3 cellos), written in imitation of Indian parts
    • - Eastern meets Western

    • - Hindustani-like form
    • - Unmeasured, alap-like intro =
    • - Tambouras and statement of thematic material on a solo melody instrument (dilruba)
    • - Followed by brief pentatonic idea on swaramandal
    • - then tabla sets tempo (jhala)
    • - Verse (gat) ("We were talking...)
    • - Verse (gat) ("We were talking...)
    • - Chorus ("Try to realize...")
    • - Etc.
  10. “A Day In The Life”

    • released on album sgt. peppers lonely hearts club band
    • released 1 june 1967

    • Suki Potier
    • Tara Browne (heir to a fortune) involved in a car accident (speeding and died) Lennon wrote about it. First two verses coming from this newspaper article
    • 4th verse
    • - parts that seemed to be written by PM and part done by JL seemlessly put together

    • - Intro
    • - Verse ("I read the news today, oh boy, about a lucky man you made the grade")
    • - Verse ("He blew his mind out in a car")
    • - Verse ("I saw a film today, oh boy..."), leading to "I'd love to turn you on...," leading to
    • - Orchestral interlude, leading to
    • - Middle section ("Woke up, fell out of bed"), leading to transition ("Ah..."), leading to
    • - Verse ("I read the news today, oh boy, four thousand holes in Blackburn, Lancashire"), leading to "I'd love to run you on...," leading to return of orchestral music and then final piano chaord (sustained for approx. 45 seconds)
    • - But LP itself never concludes
    • - Album ends with a piano chord that goes to silence and then the record has a groove put in the vinyl that is a continuous loop that will never end. The listener has to manually stop the music.
  11. “All You Need Is Love”
    • written by JL
    • - released 6 July 1967 on a single
    • - it was the A-side and on the other side was "Baby your a rich man"
  12. “I Am The Walrus”
    • On late 1967 film magical mystery tour
    • Released 24 November 1967
    • Magical Mystery Tour Album
    • also released as a single (A-side hello goodbye)

    • - involves Yoko Ono in a strange kind of way
    • - Has a bizarre and obscure mix of lyrics that JL had ever written.
    • - JL since his childhood had been interested in the world of Lewis Carol; alice and wonderland, through the looking glass. Mid 19th centurey fantaxy literature. One of the poems in through the looking glass there is a story of the walrus and the carpenter.
    • - song of this walrus and carpenter who lure unsuspecting oysters to be their friends but ultimately they end up eating them.
    • - JL seemed to be fed up with the fact that the Beatles were getting so big.
    • - Chorus comes from Humpty Dumpty
    • - This song also included on single Hello Goodbye which was on the A side. Very odd lyrics
  13. “Lady Madonna”
    Released 15 March 1968

    • PM song Lady Madonna early 1968 (got the name for the song from a sub sarahan women holding a baby)
    • - He plays the piano in this song. He taught himself how to play
    • - Words for the song come from; response from Paul to I Am The Walrus by JL. Paul is trying to mix it up with John. Lyrics that didn't really have any meaning.
    • - The words see how they run come from John Lennon's song I am the walrus.

    - released as a single and on the other side was the inner light
  14. “The Inner Light”
    - the b-side to lady madonna

    • - Song by GH that is very strange. First song by GH on a single. Referencing North Indian Music. Titled the Inner Life. Very unlikey to be on a single by a rock band. Last of GH's song with the beatles where he references classical north indian music.
    • - song doesn't include the Beatles in any way aside from GH singing.
    • - George had traveled to Mumbai to do recordings fro Wonderwall.
  15. “Revolution 1”
    • - 1968: the year of revolt
    • - 1968: where you there?
    • - Demo ("count me out")
    • - "Revolution 1" ("count me out -- in")
    • - "Revolution" (single version) ("count me out")
    • - The Rolling Stones, "street Fighting Man"
    • - "Revolution" (2 promo film versions) ("count me out -- [in]")

    Protests of the vietnam war appeared in 1968. Thousands of young people protested as they weren't interested in the draft. Strike of workers and students in Paris and it almost brought down the government. Demonstrations of Columbia university that shut down the school for several weeks. Lennon was ambiguous on where he stood (violence vs. Non violence). McJagger street fighting man, they were clearly positioning himself, but then he is more ambiguous and is not really in. Both Lennon and Jagger were ambiguous.
  16. “Revolution 9”
    released 22 november 1968 on "The Beatles" album

    • - Developed from "Revolution 1"
    • - Originally ran for 10'17", with a long, free-for-all jam as outro
    • - Outro removed and used as basis for a new musique concrete piece ("Revolution 9")
    • - "Revolution 90" based on at least 154 different ideas taken from at least 45 sources
    • - John Cage, Variations IV (through Yoko Ono)

    First four minutes of the song were cut out and used for Revolution 1. The last six minutes John and Yoko Ono created a musique concrete known as Revolution 9. Random pieces of music used to create this.
  17. “Revolution”
    • released 26 august 1968
    • - released as a single and the A-side was "Hey Jude"
    • - produced under the apple label
    • - two distinct arrangements of the song in 1968 (revolution and revolution 1)
    • - revolution is a hard rock verison and revolution 1 is a slower version

    • inspired by the political protests of 1968 (protests against the vietnam war)
    • - "count me out, in" is the ambiguous phrase that lets Lennon not really have a distinct opinion on the matter
  18. “Hey Jude”
    • written by PM
    • released 26 August 1968 as the first single from the Beatles own record label, Apple Records
    • Song is over 7 minutes long so it is quite a long single

    • - TWO PARTS
    • - Typical verse-bridge form: AABABA + LONG outro
    • - Recalls original "Revolution"?
    • Hey Jude referencing JL's Revolution 1
  19. “Come Together”
    • written by JL
    • opening track on abbey road album
    • released 31 october 1969 (UK) - single
    • released 26 september 1969 - album

    • - "come Together - Join the Party!" - Timothy Leary (phsychologist who experimented with LSD) 1970 decided he would run for governor for CA. He didn't get very far. He asked JL to write a song for his campaign. (That's where the idea of the song came from)
    • - Chuck Berry's "You Can't Catch Me" (1955)

    Some of the lyrics from the song are stolen from Berry's song "You Can't Catch Me". The basic music is just stolen from Berry. Great irony to this; lennon reaching back fifteen years "embracing the style". Irony of this is that Berry was one of the original rock and roll artists who was uneducated and from the south. He lost all of his licenses to somebody in New York. The person who stole Berry's music is now sueing Lennon for stealing Berry's music.
  20. “Something”
    • Released in album Abbey Road 31 October 1969 and as a single as well (b-side)
    • - (a-side) was come together

    also released Single/ only song by GH where his song is released on the A side of a single

    • - James Taylor, Joe Cocker
    • February 1969 Beatles recorded it. GH gave it to an up and coming singer Joe Cocker who recorded it and released it later that year.
    • James Taylor was one of the first artists signed by apple records. Nobody had heard of James Taylor before this. Released his first album on apple records. Titled "Something in the way she moves" from 1968.
    • Never see the Beatles together in that short music video. Love song kinda from GH.
  21. “I Want You (She’s So Heavy)”
    • written by JL
    • released 26 september 1969
    • - in the album Abbey Road

    • About JL obsessing over Yoko Ono. I want you repeating over and over again. The song goes on for 8 minutes which is very long for a rock band. Very similar to the Hey Jude song where Hey Jude is repeated many times in the song. Artistic one upmanship Lennon wanted to make sure his song was just slightly longer than PM.
    • the words I want you are repeated over and over again.

    • - Moog Synthesizer (named after inventer Robert Moog)
    • Synthesizers were the cutting edge in the 70s. White noise sort of created by the moog synthesizer

    3 minute repetition of the same words and the white noise comes in.
  22. You Never Give Me Your Money
    • Released on the "medley" of abbey road album
    • - written PM
    • - released 26 september 1969
    • This song, "marks the psychological opening of his solo career.
    • - the song was itself more of a suite than a song, perhaps taking its cue from Lennon's, "HAPPINESS IS A WARM GUN". Like happiness, it was put together from several existing sections looking for a home, of which fice can be discerned: (1) the poignant opening verse/ chorus in A minor; (2) a double-time boogiewoogie passage in c("our of college..."); (3) a return to half-time with chiming Leslie-toned guitar from Harrison ('But oh that magic feeling ...'); (4) a six-bar instrumental modulation to A major; and (5) the closing section ('One sweet dream ...'), ending with a repeated arpeggiated progression possibly influenced by the similar figure in (I want you she's so heavy)
  23. Sun King
    • written by JL and put in the "medley side of abbey road
    • - released on 26 september 1969
    • sun king and mean mr mustard are two of Lennon scraps and are at best hafl-songs.
    • - they would've been unusable without the excuse of the long medley.
    • recorded in one sequence, sun king and mean mr mustard.
    • Sun King begins in E major before going to C.
    • (the main guitar phrase, adapted from Fleetwood Mac's 1969 hit 'albatross'.

    (Lennon) [begins with the words Here comes theSun King ; chord progression from Don t Let Me Down ]
  24. Mean Mr. Mustard
    • also released on medely of album Abbey Road
    • Released 26 September 1969
    • - mean mr mustard: a joke perpetrated in a fit of of boredom during The Beatles' spring 1968 sojourn at Rishikesh.
    • - it is just over a minute long
    • "it comes as a shock, in the bland sunshine of Abbey Road, to be confronted with this tongue-poking throwback to Sgt. Pepper.
  25. Polythene Pam
    • Released 26 September 1969 in melody of Abbey Road
    • - written JL
    • - recorded en suite
    • - was written in Rishikesh; it was held in reserve for The Beatles but was never used.
    • - Polythene Pam is a guitar song fanfared by massive chords on an acoustic 12-string.

    It concerns a real life liverpool 'judy' - Polythene Pat, one of The Beatles' original Cavern fans. Locally famed for her taste for thermoplastic, she metamorphosed in Lennon's fantasy into polythene Pam, a ludicrously apparelled fetishist.
  26. She came in through the bathroom window
    • Song released in Abbey road 26 September 1969
    • - PM

    refers to some of the 'APPLE SCRUFFS' - the femail fans then given to standing guard outside Apple, Abbery Road and the group's homes - who climbed a ladder left in McCartney's garden, got into his house through the bathroom window, and stole a precious photograph of his father. To get this back, he had to negotiat with the girls outside.
  27. Golden Slumbers
    • released 26 september 1969 in abbey road "medley"
    • - written PM

    the passionate fortissimo melody of the C major chorus sets a nursery-rhyme by one of Shakespeare's contemporaries, the playwright Thomas Dekker.
  28. carry that weight
    • released 26 september 1969 abbey road medley
    • - golden slumbers and carry that weight were conceived and recorded as one piece.
  29. The End
    • released 26 september 1969 on abbey road medley album
    • - written by PM
    • - ringo starr drum solo and guitar solo's by GH, JL, PM
    • - unusual to have solos like this
  30. Her Majesty
    • written by PM and released on 26 september 1969 on medley of abbey road
    • - song appears 14 seconds after "the end" finishes
    • - the song was not listed on the sleeve and is considered a hidden track.