psych test 4

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  1. Abnormal Behavior:
    • behavior that is deviant, maladaptive, or
    • personally distressful over a long period of time
  2. Insanity vs mental illness
    • insanity
    • is a legal term that has nothing to do with mental illness, a judge decides if
    • you are insane not a psychologist a judge has no psychology background.
  3. Medical model
    • a
    • biological approach that dImage 2.png ¬escribes psychological disorders as
    • medical diseases with a biological origin
  4. DSM-IV:
    • abbreviation
    • for the diagnostic and statical manual of mental disorders, fourth edition; the
    • current version of the APA's major classification of psychological disorders
  5. Multiaxial system:
    • treat
    • the person not just the illness. Look at the whole person and not just the
    • label.
  6. Labeling: do not label.
  7. Goes
    on jars not kids not people.
  8. Anxiety disorders:
    • Psychological disorders that feature motor
    • tension, hyperactivity, and apprehensive expectations and thoughts. Looks like
    • somebody is having a heart attack.disrupts peoples life not talking about the
    • normal anxiety but abnormal all people experience anxiety not everyone has
    • abnormal anxiety
  9. Generalized disorders
    • disorders
    • that stop you from daily living
  10. Panic disorders:
    • an anxiety disorder marked by recurrent sudden
    • onsets of intense apprehension or terror
  11. Phobic disorders
    • commonly called phobia, an anxiety disorder in
    • which the individual has an irrational, overwhelming, persistent fear of
    • particular object or situation
  12. OCD
    • ob sessile compulsive disorder: an anxiety
    • disorder in which the individual has anxiety provoking thoughts that will not
    • go away (obsession) and/or urges to perform repetitive, ritualistic behaviors to
    • prevent or produce some future situation (compulsion).
  13. PTSD
    • post traumatic stress syndrome: an anxiety
    • disorder that develops through exposure to a traumatic event, severely
    • oppressive situations, severe abuse, and natural and unnatural disasters
  14. Mood disorders
    • psychological disorders in which there is a
    • primary disturbance in mood (prolonged emotion that colors the individual's
    • entire emotional state) two main types are the depressive disorders and bipolar
    • disorder
  15. Depressive disorder
    • mood disorders in which the individual suffers
    • from depression ( an unrelenting lack of pleasure in life)
  16. Bipolar disorder
    • a mood disorder characterized by extreme mood swings that include one or more
    • episodes of mania (an overexcited, unrelistically optimistic state)
  17. Suicide
    • severe depression and other psychological
    • disorders can cause individuals to want to end their lives
  18. Dissociative identity disorder
    • (DID) formerly called
    • multiple personality disorder, this is the most dramatic but least common
    • dissociative disorder; individuals suffering from this disorder have two or
    • more distinct personalities or selves.
  19. Amnesia
    • the loss of memory; dissociative amnesia: a
    • dissociative disorder involving extreme memory loss caused by extensive
    • psychological stress
  20. Fugue
    • dissociative fugue: a dissociative disorder in
    • which the individual not only develops amnesia but also unexpected travels away
    • from home ans assumes a new identity
  21. Dissociative disorders
    • psychological disorders that involve a sudden
    • loss of memory or change in identity
  22. Multipersonality disorder
    mulitple disorder
  23. Schizophrenia:
    • a severe psychological
    • disorder that is characterized by highly disordered thought processes
  24. Disorganized schizophrenia
    • a type of schizophrenia in which an individual
    • has delusions and hallucinations that have little or no recognizable meaning
  25. Catatonia schizophrenia
    a state of immobility and Unresponsiveness
  26. Paranoid schizophrenia
    • a type of schizophrenia that is characterized by
    • delusions of reference, grandeur, and persecution
  27. undifferentiated schizophrenia
    • type of schizophrenia that is characterized by
    • disorganized behavior, hallucinations, delusions, and incoherence
  28. Delusions
    • false sometimes even preposterous,beliefs that
    • are not part of the persons's culture
  29. Hallucinations
    • sensory experience in the absence of real
    • stimuli
  30. Word salad
    where some one says shit that dont make sense.
  31. Personality disorders
    • chronic, maladaptive cognitive-behavioral
    • patterns that are thoroughly integrated into the individual's personality
  32. Antisocial
    • they are the killers. Do things to other people
    • with no remorse. Know right from wrong. Don't like being told what to do
  33. Borderline
    • are founded, cutters, you dont do what I want
    • you to do or I am going to cut myself.
    • Like chaos emotions which they feed off. Polarized on their thinking
  34. personality
    what makes u you it never changes.
  35. psychoanalytic theory
    • personality are developed and solid by age 6
    • -freud is father of psych theory.
  36. Frued
    • lived in vienna
    • father of psych theory
  37. id
    • id-what youreally want and drives you
    • superego-its your conscience.
    • ego-makes decision makes it happen.

    • id=it
    • ego=I
    • superego=above I

    -id and superego are alway battleing.

    • id=devil
    • superego=angel.
  38. humanistic theory
    • tree hugers how you view yourself is how u act self concept.
    • -developed by carl rodgers
  39. self concept
    our conscience representation of who we are.
  40. humanistic theory
    • tree hugers how you view yourself is how u act
    • (self concept)

    -debeloped by carl rodgers.
  41. self concept
    our conscious representation of who we are.
  42. self concenpt
    how we view ourselfs

    -real self
    -ideal self
    real self-who we are real indentity

    ideal self- what we should be, who we want to be we thingk wwe whould be perfect.

    real self depends on ideal self.
  43. unconditional positive regard
    • you are perfect jus the war you r.
    • being accepted regardless of your behavior.
  44. traits theory
    • concelptual theory
    • -all part
    • -five factor model
  45. five factor mode
    • openess
    • conscientiousness-organized
    • extraversion-social
    • agreeableness-crankyness
    • neuroticism-quarky
  46. who invented social cognitive

    theory views emphasizing concious awerness, beliefs, espectation, and goals.
  47. what other terms did banduras coin.

    reciprocal determinism
    self efficacy
    reciprocal determinism-we are in control of what happens to us.

    self efficacy-the belief that one can master a situation and produce positive change.
  48. biological perspective:

    -Arousal levels

    arousal levels- do things because they feel good.

    neurotransmitters- how u feel about things.
  49. perfsonality assesment
    -self report
    self report-measure personality charecteristic ties. it ask people directly wether specific items describe their personality.

    MMPI-800 question test used on big issues going to court. differetn norms different test. its a type self report test
  50. projective test

    -Rorscharch inkblot

    Inkblot- its a way to tell how a person view things.

    TAT-tell a tale person is shown a picture and has a to tell a tale about it.
  51. type a /b personalities.
    resiliant/hardy personalities.
    type a - competitive,hard-driven, impatient, hostile, high chance of heart disease.

    type b- relaxed, easy going, related to good, social issues.

    resilient hardy- responsible for yrself proble solver.
  52. chp13 social pschology
    study of how people think about influence and realte to other people.
  53. stereotypes
    a generalization about a groups characteristics we group to make it esiear to organize groups.
  54. attritbution theory
    trying to deter;mine the underlyining cause a person behavior makings sense trying to figure out why people do what they do.
  55. attribution error
    wee incorrectly lable why people do things blame our sorrundings for our mistakes.
  56. false consensus effect
    thinking poeple think the way we do especially in our group.
  57. self serving bias.
    taking credit for our succes and seny responsiblility for our failures.
  58. attitudes
    our feeling and opinoins and beliefs about people, objects, and ideas.
  59. social comparison
    comparing yourself to other to makes yyou feel better or to improve yourself.
  60. cognitive dissonance
    • in your head you canno tbe a bad guy.
    • -cause really high stress.
    • -a persons psuchological disconfort caused by two inconsestant thoughts (somiking is bad for you but y do it anyway)
  61. self perception theory.
    look back on behaviors to change our attitudes.
  62. alturism
    unselfish interest in helping another person is the esception of doing domething for nothing.
  63. aggression
    social behavior whose objective is to harm someone either physically or verbally.
  64. confromity
    • -a change in a persons behavior to coincide more closely with a group standard.
    • -information social.
    • -normative social infleunce.
  65. information social
    the inflence other people have on us cbecause we want to be right.

    discussing with IT geeks we go along with their opinion about what computer we should buy
  66. normative social influence
    belong to a group because you want to be part of the norm.
  67. obedience
    -you are still responsible for the choices u make.

    -behavior that complies with explicite demands of the individual authority.
  68. group influence
    do things becuasee a group causes u to act a certain way.

    • de-individuation
    • social contagion
  69. Deindividuation
    the reduction in personal identity and erosion of the sense of personal responsibility when one is part of a group

  70. Social Contagion
    doing things because a group is doing it.

    imitative behavior involving the spread of actions emotions and ideas.
  71. group decision making

    risky shift & group polarization
    you think different in a group then when you are alone. more likely of taking risk in a group.

    -risky shift- the tendency for a group decision to be riskier than th average decisions made by the individual group members.

    group polarization- tend to be in a group who think the way you do. and strengtning your opinion after group discussion.
  72. group think

    majority and minority influence.
    group think- thinking the same way to be part of a group (goverment)and making the right decision is less important than maintaning group harmony.

    -majority always wins, but if minority can influence some mjority people minority can win.
  73. group indentity Us vs Them
    • divided we fall united we stand.
    • 1Ethnic Religion
    • 2Relationship
    • 3Vocations and avocations
    • 4political affiliation
    • 5sitgmatized identities.
  74. ethnocentric
    • favor ones group ove other groups and ethnic.
    • -it may underline prejudice, because you are not just implying your different but better than other groups.
  75. prejudice
    negative attitude towrad on individual based on the individual membership in a particular group.
  76. discrimination
    negative or harmful action toward a member of a group simply becasue the person belongs to a group
  77. task oriented cooperation
    working togehter to accomplish a goal
  78. chp 16
    biological therapies
    3 main ways to deal with them
    • drug
    • electroconvulsive therapy
    • psychosurgery
  79. type of drugs and what they do and cure
    anti anxiety
    anti depreseatn
    anti psychotics
    • ANTI ANXIETY-fixes anxiety, relax body to relax mind
    • ANTI DEPRESEANTS-fixes depression, dealing with neurotransmitters, two types of depression (situational&clinical) clynical is given medication.
    • ANTI PSYCHOTICS-fixes psychotic crazy, schizts side effect fixes tardire dyskinesia, this type of drug is a major tranqualizers.
    • LITHIUM-fixes bipolar, lithium is salt. brain creates it.
  80. electroconbulsive therapy ECT
    • shock therapy
    • given in small doses
  81. psycotherapy
    a biological thearpy with inrreversible effects, that involves removal or destruction of brain tissue to improve the individuals adjustment.
  82. psychotherapy
    a nonmedical process that helps individuals with psychological disorders recognize and overcome their problems.
  83. psychodynamic/psychoananlytic

    maladaptive coping.
    • developed by frued
    • very frew people do this too expensive.
    • maladaptive coping- childhood cray caused by people not being able to deal with stuff.
  84. humanistic/ tree hugers
    maladaptive behavior.
    unconditional positive regard. crazy depressed perfect the you are.
  85. behavior/confrontive
    behavior is learned (make this connection)
    maladaptive behavoier learned.
    • if you learn it you can unlearn it
    • behavior is learned.
  86. cognative/thoughts opposite of behavior
    maladaptive thoughts
    • you do what u do because of how you are thinking look at how you talk to yourself.
    • if you change the way you think you change the behavior.
  87. ON TEST
    people having a toolbox of therapy of all different pieces.
  88. individuals vs group
    • individuals is $95 an hrk group is cheaper.
    • how to deal with people in a group
    • the therapist is the leader in a group
    • somethngs are done better in groups and some are done better as individuals.
  89. self help support groups
    • talk with each other
    • not facilitated by a therapist
    • no therapy
  90. deinstitutionalization
    • worst thing to happen to mental health.
    • ridding of all crazy hospitals and have the crazies live in a neighborhood which was never made.
  91. therapeutic.
    relationship allieance
    • what a good therapist is and what good therapy looks liek building trust in your patient.
    • the relationship between a patient and his therapist an important element of succesful psychotherapy.
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psych test 4
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