physical science

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physical science
2011-12-03 16:59:47

quiz 2
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  1. Which of the following is true regarding Earth's axis?
    D.) the axis is tilted at 23.5 degrees from a perpendicular to the plane of the ecliptic
  2. The longest days of the year in the Northern hemisphere are experienced during the...
    A.) summer solstice
  3. Life is possible on Earth primariy because
    B.) the ozonesphere and ionosphere shield the surface from harmful radiation
  4. Based on temperature, the atmosphere is divided into...
    A.) 4 regions, ranging from the troposphere to the thermosphere
  5. The two most abundant gases in the atmosphere are...
    C.) nitrogen and oxygen
  6. the reflective quality of a surface is known as its...
    C.) albedo
  7. The single most important control on surface temperature is...
    A.) latitude
  8. During summer, cities located near the coast are_____ than those in the interior at the same latitude, while in the winter they are ______.
    C.) cooler, warmer
  9. The horizontal motion of air relative to Earth's surface is...
    B.) wind
  10. Air flows____a surface high pressure area because the density of the air in the high pressure zone is____ than that of the surrounding air
    C.) out of, more dense
  11. On a weather map of air pressure, what can you infer from a closer spacing of isobars?
    C.) a steep pressure gradient creating a faster flow of air
  12. During the day along the coast, the wind tends to blow toward the____ because______.
    A.) land, land heats more rapidly than water
  13. Mountain-valley breezes are caused by...
    C.) warm air rising upslope during the day and cooler air descending the slopes at night
  14. The winds that blow off the ice sheets of Antarctica and Greenland are...
    D.) gravity winds called katabatic winds
  15. When water evaporates, it ____ heat energy and ____ the surrounding air.
    C.) absorbs, cools
  16. A mass of air always becomes saturated when it reaches the...
    D.) dew-point temperature
  17. Which of the following is used to measure relative humidity?
    C.) wet and dry bulb thermometers
  18. When the environmental lapse rate is between the dry and moist adiabatic lapse rates conditions are describes as...
    C.) conditionally unstable
  19. Clouds that have vertical development and produce precipitation are called...
    B.) cumulonimbus clouds
  20. Which of the following are correctly matched?
    C.) puffy or globular clouds-cumuliform
  21. Which of the following is the middle-level cloud type?
    d.) Altosratus
  22. A mT air mass is likely to be____ than a cT air mass because the mT air mass_____.
    B.) wetter, forms over the ocean
  23. Lake effect snow involves...
    D.)= A and C. heavy snowfall on the leeward shores of great lakes and cP and cA air masses being humidified and warmed by the Great lakes
  24. Which of the following cloud types is associated with tornado development?
    D.) cumulonimbus