Card Set Information
Gradual, progressive mental deterioration.
Degeneration of neurons; tremors, weakness, and slowness.
Autonomic nerves influence bodily functions under stress.
Autonomic nerves regulate normal body functions.
Peripheral Nervous System
Cranial, spinal, and autonomic nerves.
Herpes Zoster (Shingles)
Viral infection of peripheral nerves.
Carries message towards brain.
Efferent (Motor) Nerve
Carries message from brain to muscle.
Branching fibre of nerve cell, receives nerve impulse.
Cerebral Vascular Accident
Disruption in normal blood supply to the brain (stroke).
Voluntary muscles, vision, speech, hearing, memory, etc.
Muscle movement and maintains balance.
Central Nervous System
Brain and Spinal Cord.
Fibre that carries nerve impulse along cell.
Sleep, appetite, body temp, pituitary gland.
Network of nerves.
Destruction of myelin sheath, replacement with sclerotic tissue.
Contagious, parasitic infections of skin with pruritis.
Ears, eyes, nose, throat.
Left eye, right eye.
Left ear, right ear.
Increased intraocular pressure.
Clouding of lens.
Inflammation of the middle ear.
Inflammatory skin disease.
Acute infection of skin: heat, redness, pain, and swelling.
Transient ischemic attack (gradual occlusion of blood vessels).
Autonomic Nervous System
Nerves controlling involuntary body functions of muscles, glands, internal organs.
Autoimmune neuromuscular disorder: weakness of voluntary muscles.
Bruising of brain tissue; neurologic deficits persist longer than 24 hours.
Breathing, heart beat, blood pressure.
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Degenerative disorder of motor neurons in the spinal cord and brainstem.
Death of tissue due to loss of blood supply.
Chronic Renal Failure.
End-Stage Renal Disease.
Chronic Kidney Disease.
Anti-diuretic hormone (vasopressin)
Raises blood pressure.
Increases water absorption in kidneys.
Kidney, ureter, bladder (xray).
Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis.
Blood urea nitrogen (blood test).
Nitrogenous waste excreted in urine.
Opening or canal.
Hormone secreted by kidney to stimulate red blood cell production.
Functional unit of kidney (glomerulus and renal tubule).
Hormones secreted by kidney; raises blood pressure by vasoconstriction.
High blood pressure resulting from kidney disease.
Estrogen replacement therapy.
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
Benign growth of cells within prostate gland.
Obstetrics: pertaining to pregnancy and childbirth.
Last menstrual period.
Loop electrocautery excision procedure.
Hormone produced by placenta to sustain pregnancy by stimulating progesterone and estrogen.
Stimulate maturation of egg cell.
Dilation and Curettage
Widening of cervix and scraping of endometrial lining (biposy).
Digital rectal exam.
Transurethral resection of the prostate.
Test indicates prostate cancer when PSA levels are high.
Produced by ovary and placenta.
Maintains development of placenta.
Promotes female secondary sex characteristics; aids in repair of endometrium.
Withdrawal of fluid.
Benign tumors in the uterus.
Doppler Ultrasound Study
Soundwaves measure blood flow.
Changes in depth of breathing, may be caused by heart failure or brain damage.
Fluid, bloodcells, debris.
Hyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of aveolar walls (COPD).
Chronic bronchial inflammatory disorder.
Abnormal breathing sounds: Pleural rub, rales, rhonchi, stridor, wheezes.
Inflammation of bronchi (COPD).
Inflammation of pleura.
Collection of air in the pleural space.
Inherited disorder; thick mucus secretions don't drain properly.
Placement of a tube through mouth to trachea to establish airway.
Pulmonary Function Test.
Chest tube passed through opening in chest to drain pleural effusion.
Diptheria, pertussis, tetanus.
Coronary artery bypass grafting. Arteries are anastomosed to coronary arteries to detour around blockages.
Deep Vein Thrombosis
High Density Lipoproteins (prevent atherosclerosis).
Low Density Lipoproteins (associated with atherosclerosis).
Shortness of breath.
Myocardial infarction (heart attack).
Hypertension (high blood pressure).
Coronary Care Unit.
Congestive Heart Failure.
Heart is unable to pump adequate amount of blood.
Carries oxygenated blood away from heart.
Upper chamber of the heart.
Waste gas released from body cells.
Mitral Valve Prolapse.
Surgical removal of plaque from inner layer of artery.
Expandable slotted tube that serve as scaffolding to hold open arteries.
Prevents clumping of platelets.
Fluid accumulation in lungs.
Carries oxygenated blood from lungs to heart.
Lower chamber of the heart.
Carries deoxygenated blood to heart.
Chest pain resulting from myocardial ischemia.
Carries deoxygenated blood from heart to lungs.
Flow of blood from heart to lungs and back to heart.
Nervous tissue that begins heart beat.
Contraction of heart.
Relaxation of heart.
Arterial Blood Gases.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.
Airway obstruction (emphysema and chronic bronchitis).
Infectious bacterial disease.
Upper Respiratory Infection.
Acute bacterial infection of the throat and upper respiratory tract.
Acute inflammation of aveoli.
Respiratory Synctial Virus.
Treats arrhythmias and strengthens heartbeat (lanoxin).
Coronary Artery Disease.
Disease of arteries surrounding heart.
Soundwaves produce image of heart.
Acute viral infection; barking cough and stridor.
Obstruction of bronchus or accumulation of air or fluid in pleural cavity.
Multiple-Gated Acquistion Scan.
Test of heart function.
Respiratoy distress syndrome.
Newborn condition; dyspnea and cyanosis.
Percutaneous Endoscopic Jejunostomy Tube.
Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy Tube.
Inflammatory Bowen Disease (Chron's and Ulcerative Colitis).
Liver Function Test
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease.
Liver function tests.
Total Parenteral Nutrition
Pancreatic enzyme; digests fats.
Chronic inflammation of intestinal tract.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome.
GI symptoms associated with stress.
Chronic inflammation of colon with ulcers.
Lower Esophageal Sphincter
Muscles between esophagus and stomach.
Secretes bile, stores sugar, iron, and vitamins.
Abnormal outpouchings in the intestinal wall.
Chronic degenerative disease of the liver.
Enzymes for digestion
Lowers blood sugar.
Passage of fresh red blood from rectum.
Accumulation of fluid in abdomen.
Black tarry stool; feces containing digested blood.
Failure of lower esophagus sphincter to relax.
Twisting of intestine on itself.
Telescoping of intestines.
Inflammaed intestines caused by bacterial infection.
Acquired ImmunoDeficiency Syndrome
Suppression of immune system.
Human ImmunoDeficiency Virus
Test to detect anti-HIV antibodies.
Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate
Time it takes erythrocytes to settle out of plasma.
Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug
Partial Thromboplastin Time
Measures clotting factors.
Used to monitor patients on anticoagulants.
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.
Chronic inflammatory disease involving everything.
Soft spot in skull of newborns.
Indicator of Lupus.
Recording of the strength of muscle contraction.
Anterior Cruciate Ligament of the knee.
Malignant tumor of lymph nodes and spleen.
Decrease in bone density.
Extreme hypersensitivity reaction.
Lymph tissue. Produces, stores, and eliminates blood cells.
Prevent formation of clots (warfarin).
Separation of blood into component parts.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.
Progressive weakness and degeneration of muscle fibres.
Chronic joint inflammation and pain.
Protein produced in respons to antigens.
Foreign substance stimulates production of antibody.
Progressive, degenerative joint disease.
Inflammation of joints due to excess uric acid in body.
Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation.
Reduction in clotting factors.
Packed cell volume.
Hemoglobin in blood sample.
Hematocrit. Erythrocytes in volume of blood.
Abnormal condition of the blood.
Membrane surrounding bone.
Treats bone and joint diseases surgically and medically.
Liquid portion of blood.
Blood protein containing iron; carries oxygen in red blood cells.
Removal of plasma from withdrawn blood.
Immmovable joint between bones, ex skull.
Protein in blood; maintains balance of water in blood.
Foot bends up.
Foot bends down.
Trauma to joint.
Overstretching a muscle.
Collection of solid lymphatic tissue.
Watery fluid within lymphatic vessels.
Packed Red Cells
Whole blood with most of the plasma removed.
Malignant neoplasm of bone marrow.
Specializes in joint problems.
Excess cortisol (Adrenal Gland).
Underfunctioning of Adrenal Cortex.
Diabetic blood test.
Test for glucose (diabetic blood test).
Syndrome of inappropriate ADH.
Thyroid Function Test.
Fasting Blood Sugar.
Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus.
Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus.
Blood Glucose Monitoring.
Synthetically prepared, similar to Cortisol. Used to treat inflammatory conditions.
Anxiety becomes bodily symptom with no physical basis.
Activities of Daily Living.
Excess parathormone (hypercalcemia).
Deficient parathormone (hypocalcemia).
Underactivity of the thyroid (slow metabolism).
Overactivity of thyroid (high metabolism).
Raises blood sugar.
Decreases blood calcium levels.
Increases blood calcium.
Increases blood sugar.
Thymosin - development of immune response in new borns.
Melatonin - supports body's biological clock.
Parathormone - Increases blood calcium.
T3, T4 - Increases metabolism.
Calcitonin - Decreases blood calcium levels.
Cortisol - Increases blood sugar.
Aldosterone - Regulates salte.
Glucagon - Increases blood sugar.
Insulin - Decreases blood sugar.