Cardiac

Card Set Information

Author:
lesliebarney
ID:
120553
Filename:
Cardiac
Updated:
2011-12-06 00:22:26
Tags:
Nur 110
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Description:
Final Review
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  1. Epinephrine
    • Class: Adrenergic
    • Use: Anaphylaxis, shock
    • Comments: Increases HR, BP and cardiac output
  2. amiodarone (Cordarone)
    • Class: Antiarrhythmic
    • Use: Dysrhythmia (disturbance of rhythm
    • Class: Many side effects if on long term
  3. digoxin (Lanoxin)
    • Class: Cardiotonic
    • Use: Dysrhythmia
    • CHF
    • Comments: Watch in hypokalemia (toxicity);hold pulse <60
    • Toxicity:anorexia, N/V, halo, dysrhythmias
  4. atenolol (Tenormin)
    metoprolol (Lopressor)
    • Class: Beta 1 selective blockers
    • Use: Post MI
    • dysrhythmia
    • CHF, HTN
  5. ditiazem (Cardizem)
    • Class: Calcium channel blocker
    • Use: HTN
    • Dysrhythmia
  6. warfarin (Coumadin)
    • Class: antiqoagulant
    • Use: Afib;post valvular sugery
    • DVT
    • Comments: Watch INR
    • antidote: vitamin K
  7. heparin
    enoxaparin (Lovenox)
    • Class: Anticoagulant
    • Low molecular wt
    • Use: Afib, DVT, PE
    • Comments: IV or subcutaneous; heparin - monitor PTT or unfractionated heparin; give in abdomen; prevent further clots
  8. nitroglycerin (Nitrostat)
    • Class: Antianginal
    • Use: Cardiac Chest Pain
    • Comments: Causes headache; do not give within 24 hours of penil erection drugs; have nitrate free period
  9. lovastatin (Mevacor)
    • Class: Antihyperlipidemic
    • Use: Cardiac even prevention
    • Comments: Combined with diet
  10. enalapril (Vasotec)
    Lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril)
    • Class: ACE inhibitor
    • Use: HTN, CHF
    • Comments: watch renal
    • potential angioedema
  11. furosemide (Lasix)
    • Class: Loop diuretic
    • Use: CHF, HTN
    • Comments: Watch for decresed K+
  12. spironolactone (Aldactone)
    K+ sparing diuretic
    • Class: K+ sparing diuretic
    • Use: CHF, HTN
    • Comments: Watch for increased K+
  13. hydroclorothiazide (HCTZ)
    • Class: Diuretic
    • Use: CHF, HTN
    • Comments: Watch for decreased K+
  14. asprin (ASA)
    • Class: Anti-inlammatory
    • Antiplatelet, Analgesic
    • Use: Arthritis
    • Cardiac
    • Comments: Watch for bruising - Ecotrin in enteric coated version - not used for children (Reye's syndrom)
  15. Clopidogrel (Plavix)
    • Class: Antiplatelet
    • Use: Cardiac
    • Comments: Watch bruising
  16. atropine sulfate (Atropine)
    • Class: Anticolinergic
    • Use: Cardiac,Ophthalmic,Preop
    • Comments: Will cause increased HR, Dilates pupil, Do not use in glaucoma

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