Course 2, Lesson 16, Cell Anatomy

The flashcards below were created by user sevierflygirl on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. /elle
    • little
    • tiny
  2. /genetic
  3. /id (noun)
    noun suffix - no meaning
  4. /in (noun)
    noun suffix - no meaning
  5. /lus
  6. /ole
  7. /plasm
    • formation
    • (cell) contents
    • growth
  8. /some
    a body
  9. /type
    • kind of
    • general character
    • mark
  10. adenosine
    chemical that helps the actions of glad hormones
  11. agranular
    smooth endoplasmic reticulum
  12. Golgi apparatus
    organelle that packages cell products
  13. ATP, adenosine triphosphate
    cell molecules that store energy
  14. biopsy
    remove tissue for diagnostic examination
  15. bol/o
    • throw
    • project
  16. centri/o
    relating to a center or central location
  17. centriole
    tubular organelles
  18. chondri/o
    • granule
    • little grain
  19. chrom/o
  20. chromat/o
  21. chromatin
    DNA scattered throughout the nucleoplasm
  22. chromosome
    DNA coiled tightly during reproduction
  23. chromosomal
    relating to chromosomes
  24. cili/o
    hair-like projections
  25. cilium, cilia
    hair-like projections of a cell
  26. cytoplasm
    gelatin-like material in the cell
  27. differentiated
    type of cell that has changed into a cell with a definite function
  28. DNA, deoxyribonucleic acid
    material in cell made up of genes
  29. enzym/o
    in + leaven
  30. enzyme
    a molecule that starts chemical reactions
  31. ER, endoplasmic reticulum
    organelle that moves materials around the cell
  32. flagell/o
    tail-like projections
  33. flagellum, flagella
    long, single projection from a cell
  34. gene
    code for making protein in a cell
  35. genet/o
  36. genetic
    relating to producing
  37. granul/o
  38. granular
    rough endoplasmic reticulum
  39. genit/o
  40. inclusion
    supplies of food and water contained in cytoplasm
  41. kary/o
  42. karyoplasm
    gelatin-like material in the nucleus
  43. lip/o
  44. lipid
    substances extracted from cells by fat solvents
  45. lys/o
    digest or dissolve
  46. lysosomal
    relating to a lysosome
  47. lysosome
    digesting body
  48. microvillus, microvilli
    very small villi
  49. mit/o
    • thread-like
    • related to mitsos (cell reproduction)
  50. mitochondria
    organelles in cytoplasm that use oxygen to digest food in cell
  51. mitosis
    cell reproduction
  52. mitotic spindle
    found in a dividing cell
  53. mitotic
    relating to cell reproduction
  54. nucle/o
    • center
    • cell nucleus
    • eyeball
  55. nuclear
    relating to nucleus
  56. mucleol/o
    little nucleus
  57. nucleolus, mucleoli
    small, round bodies that probably make ribosomes
  58. nucleoplasm
    gelatin-like material in the nucleus
  59. nucleus
    basic cell part
  60. organelle
    structure in cytoplasm that carries out instructions from DNA
  61. ox/y
    oxygen, containing oxygen
  62. oxidat/o
    adding oxygen
  63. oxidation
    use of oxygen to digest food in the cell
  64. pathologist
    one who studies disease
  65. phor/o
  66. phos/o
  67. phosphate, H3PO4
    any form of phosphoric acid
  68. phosphorus
    • a chemical element
    • chemical symbol = P
  69. prot/o
    • first
    • primitive
  70. protoplasm
    gelatin-like material filling cell
  71. reticul/o
    • little network
    • little net
  72. rib/o
    the sugar ribose
  73. ribosome
    organelle in cytoplasm
  74. RNA, ribonucleic acid
    carries instructions for making proteins
  75. som/o
  76. triphosphate
    chemical in ATP
  77. tri/
  78. undifferentiated
    cell that can change to different kinds of cells
  79. vesicles
    sac that forms around products of cell for delivery to rest of body
  80. vesicul/o
    little bladder or sac of fluid, blister, vesicle
  81. vill/o
    • finger-like projections
    • hairy tuft
  82. semipermeable
    allows some things to pass through membrane
  83. villus, villi
    short projections of cell membrane
  84. vir/o
  85. viral
    pertaining to a virus
Card Set
Course 2, Lesson 16, Cell Anatomy
Medical Transcription Program
Show Answers