Social Psychology

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Social Psychology
2011-12-04 01:59:38

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  1. collectivism
    Giving priority to the goals of one's groups and defining one's identity accordingly
  2. planning fallacy
    the tendency to underestimate how long it will take on complete a task
  3. dual attitudes
    differing implicit and explicit attitudes towards the same object. Verbalized explicit attitudes may change with education and persuasion; implicit attitudes change slowly, with practice the forms new habits
  4. self-serving bias
    the tendency to perceive oneself favorably
  5. false consensus effect
    The tendency to overestimate the commonality of one's opinions and one's undesirable or unsuccessful behaviors
  6. false uniqueness effect
    the tendency to underestimate the commonality of one's abilities and one's desirable or successful behaviors
  7. locus of control
    the extent to which people perceive outcomes as internally controllable by their own efforts or as externally controlled by chance or outside forces
  8. learned helplessness
    the sense of hopelessness and resignation learned when a human or animal perceives no control over repeated events
  9. fundamental attribution error
    the tendency for observers to underestimate situational influences and overestimate dispositional influences on others' behavior
  10. overconfidence phenomenon
    the tendency to be more confident than correct- to overestimate the accuracy of one's beliefs
  11. confirmation bias
    A tendency to search for information that confirms one's preconceptions
  12. availability heuristic
    A cognitive rule that judges the likelihood of things in terms of thier availability in memory. If instances of something come readily to mind, we presume it to be commonplace
  13. illusory correlation
    Perception of relationship where none exist, or perception of stronger relationship than actually exists
  14. regression toward the average
    The statistical tendency for extreme scores or extreme behavior to return toward one's average
  15. self-fulfilling prophecy
    A belief that leads to its own fulfillment