Final Psychology

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  1. What is stress?
    A negative emotional state occurring in response to events that are perceived as taxing or exceeding a person's resources or ability to cope.
  2. What health psychology?
    The branch of psychology that studies how biological, behavioral, and social factors influence health, illness, medical treatment, and health-related behaviors.
  3. What is the bio-psychosocial model?
    The belief that physical health and illness are determined by the complex interaction of biological, psychological, and social-factors. Know that health psychology is guided by the bio-psychosocial model.
  4. What are stressors?
    Events or situations that produce stress.
  5. Know that Holmes and Rahe
    developed the Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS).
  6. What are daily hassles?
    Everyday minor events that annoy and upset people.
  7. What are microagressions?
    Being treated as incompetent or dangerous or both because of their race.
  8. What is acculturative stress?
    The stress that results from the pressure of adapting to a new culture
  9. How can stress indirectly affect a personal physical health?
    By prompting behaviors that jeopardize physical well being, such as not eating or sleeping properly.
  10. Know information about Walter Cannon and fight or flight response.
    Walter Cannon was one of the earliest contributors to stress research. Fight or flight response/This rapidly occurring chain of internal physical reactions
  11. Know information about Hans Selye.
    Hans Selye Confirmed Cannon's suggestion that prolonged stress could be physically harmful.(Canadian)
  12. General adaptation syndrome.
    3 Stage progression of physical changes that occur when an organism is exposed to intense and prolonged stress
  13. Who established the field of psychoneuroimmunology?
    An interdisciplinary field that studies the interconnections among psychological processes, nervous and endocrine system functions, and the immune system.
  14. What is psychopathology?
    The scientific study of the origins, symptoms, and development of psychological disorders.
  15. What does DSM-IV-TR stand for?
    Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.
  16. What did the National Comorbidity Survey Replication investigate?
    Just how common are psychological disorders.
  17. What were the findings of the National Comorbidity Survey Replication?
    Reconfirmed many of the previous national surveys, 1 out of 4 respondents reported experiencing the symptoms of a psychological disorder during the previous year.
  18. What is kelptomania?
    The impulse to steal objects not needed for personal use or monetary value.
  19. What is hypochondriasis?
    Preoccupation with imagined diseases based on a persons misinterpretation of bodily symptoms or functions.
  20. What is anxiety?
    The feeling of tension, apprehension, and the worry that often hits during personal crises and everyday conflicts
  21. What is general anxiety disorder?
    An anxiety disorder characterized by excessive, global, and persistent symptoms of anxiety; also called free floating anxiety.
  22. What is panic disorder?
    An anxiety disorder in which the person experiences frequent and unexpected panic attacks.
  23. What is agoraphobia?
    An anxiety disorder involving the extreme and irrational fear of experiencing a panic attack in a public situation and being able to escape or get help.
  24. What is post traumatic stress disorder?
    An anxiety disorder in which chronic and persistent symptoms develop in response to an extreme physical or psychological trauma.
  25. What is obsessive compulsive disorder?
    An anxiety disorder in which the symptoms of anxiety are triggered by intrusive, repetitive thoughts and urges to perform certain actions.
  26. What is definition of psychotherapy?
    The treatment of emotional, behavioral, and interpersonal problems through theuse of psychological techniques designed to encourage understanding of problems and modify troubling feelings, behaviors or relationships.
  27. What type of education and/or certifications are necessary for a clinical psychologist?
    Ph.D., Psy.D., or Ed.D and is required to be licensed.
  28. What type of education and/or certifications are necessary for a psychiatrist?
    Holds a medical degree(M.D. Or D.O.) and is required to be licensed.
  29. What is the primary goal of psychoanalysis?
    To help unearth unconscious conflicts so the patient attains insight as to the real source of the problem.
  30. What does the humanistic perspective emphasize?
    Emphasizes human potential.
  31. Know that the client centered therapist should demonstrate genuineness, unconditional positive regard, and empathic understanding.
  32. What is meant by “revolving door pattern”?
    A cyclical pattern of short-term readmission’s to the psychiatric units of health care centers by young adults with chronic psychiatric disorders
  33. What is meant by “catharsis”?
    Is an emotional release
  34. Know that Albert Ellis believed psychological problems were caused by irrational expectations and beliefs.
  35. Who developed cognitive therapy (CT)?
    Aaron Beck
  36. Who was the founder of psychoanalysis?
    Sigmund Freud
  37. Who was the founder of behaviorism?
    John B Watson
  38. What is a hypothesis?
    A tentative statement about the relationship between two or more variables, A testable question
  39. What is statistics?
    A Branch of mathematics used by researchers to organize, summarize, and interpret data.
  40. What is empirical evidence?
    Verifiable evidence that is based upon objective observation, measurement, and/or experimentation.
  41. What is the main focus of the Humanistic Perspective?
    Emphasizes free will, self- awareness and psychological.
  42. Who were the two psychologists that influenced this perspective?
    B.F Skinner/Sigmund Freud
  43. What is “natural selection” in Evolutionary Perspective?
    Organisms that inherit characteristics that increase their chances of survial.
  44. What does the Biological Perspective emphasize?
    Physical basis of human and animal behavior.
  45. Know the four basic goals of psychology.
    Describe, explain, predict, and control
  46. Know the four steps in the scientific method.
    • 1. Formulate a specific question that can be tested.
    • 2. Design a study to collect relevant data.
    • 3. Analyze the data to arrive at conclusions
    • 4. Reports the reults.
  47. Know the two basic categories of research methods.
    Descriptive & Experimental
Card Set:
Final Psychology
2011-12-04 07:28:57
Dec 2011

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