Gross anatomy spine actions

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wolfgar
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120652
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Gross anatomy spine actions
Updated:
2011-12-06 22:25:04
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Gross anatomy spine actions
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Gross anatomy spine actions
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  1. What muscles cause Lateralflexion of neck and head?
    • Splenius cervicis
    • Splenius Capitis
  2. What muscles cause rotation of the head and neck?
    • Splenius cervicis
    • Splenius Capitis
  3. What muscles cause Extension of neck and head?
    Splenius cervicis
  4. What muscles cause extension of the head?
    • Splenius Capitis
    • Obliquus capitis superior
    • Rectus capitis posterior major
    • Rectus capitis posterior minor
    • Splenius cervicis
    • Longissimus thoracis
    • Semispinalis capitis
  5. What muscles cause rotation of the head?
  6. Obliquus capitis inferior
    • Rectus capitis posterior major (ipsilateral rotation)
    • Longissimus thoracis
    • Semispinalis capitis (contralateral
    • rotation)
    • Splenius cervicis
    • Splenius Capitis
  7. What muscles hyper- extend the neck?
    Splenius cervicis
  8. What muscles hyper extend the head?
    Splenius capitis
  9. What muscles cause Lateral flexion of the vertebral column?
    • Erector spinae
    • Iliocostalis –
    • cervicis,
    • thoracis,
    • lumborum

    • Longissimus –
    • cervicis
    • capitis,
    • thoracis


    • Levatores costarum
    • Intertransversarii
    • Quadratus Lumborum


    • Obliquus Externus Abdominis
    • Obliquus Internus Abdominis
  10. What muscles cause Extension of the vertebral column?
    • Erector spinae
    • Longissimus - cervicis, thoracis
    • Spinalis - capitis, cervicis, thoracis

    • Transversospinalis
    • Semispinalis cervicis
    • Semispinalis thoracis
    • Multifidis
    • Rotatores

    • Interspinales
    • Quadratus Lumborum (lumbar region)
  11. What muscle rotate the vertebral column?
    • Transversospinalis
    • Semispinalis cervicis
    • Semispinalis thoracis
    • Multifidis
    • Rotatores

    Levatories costarum
  12. What muscles make up the Transversospinalis?
    superfical to deep ; semispinalis, ,multifidis, rotatores.

    • Semispinalis capitis (Transversospinalis)
    • Semispinalis cervicis (Transversospinalis)
    • Semispinalis Thoracis (Transversospinalis)
    • Multifidis (Transversospinalis)
    • Rotatores (Transversospinalis)
  13. What muscles make up the erector spinea?
    • Illiocostalis cervicis (erector spinae)
    • Illiocostalis Thoracis (erector spinae)
    • Illiocostalis lumborum (erector spinae)
    • Longissimus Cervicis (erector spinae)
    • Longissimus Capitis (erector spinae)
    • Longissimus Thoracis (erector spinae)
    • Spinalis Capitis (erector spinae)
    • Spinalis Cervicis (erector spinae)
    • Spinalis Thoracis (erector spinae)
  14. What muscles pull on the ribs and in what ways?
    Intercostales Externi - With first rib fixed by the scalenes they pull the rib towards another to elevate the rib cage and suck in air

    Intercostales Interni - Draws rib together and depress the rib cage

    • Levatores costarum - Raises ribs and laterally flexes and rotates the vertebral
    • column
  15. What muscles compress the amdomen?
    • Rectus abdominis
    • Obliquus Externus Abdominis
    • Obliquus Internus Abdominis

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