health psychology final

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health psychology final
2011-12-07 15:47:03
health psychology psu penn state

health psychology final review
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  1. The degree to which a person is able to maximize his or her, physical, psychological, vocational, and social functioning; an important indicator of recovery from or adjustment to chronic illness.
    quality of life
  2. An emotional response to chronic illness---a defense mechanism by which people aviod the implications of illness, a common reaction to chronic illness.
  3. The involvement of paitents in all aspects of a chronic illness including medication management, changes in social and vocational roles, and coping.
  4. An emotional response to chronic illness---a neurotic or psychotic mood disorder marked epsecially by sadness, inactivity, difficulty with thinking and concentration, a significant increase or decrease in appetite and time spent sleeping, feelings of hopelessness and dejection, and sometimes suicidal thoughts or attempts to commit suicide.
  5. An integrated set of beliefs about one's personal qualities and attributes.
  6. The perception and evaluation of one's body, one's physical functioning and one's appearence.
    body image
  7. A program of activites for chronically ill or disabled persons geared toward helping them use their bodies as much as possible, sense changes in the environment and in themselves so as to make appropriate physical accomidations, learn new physical and management skills if necessary, pursure a treatment regimen, and learn how to control the expenditure of energy.
    physical rehabilitation
  8. Programs designed to inform patients about their disorder and its treatment and to train them in methods for coping with the disorder and its corresponding limitations.
    patient education
  9. Groups of individuals who meet regularly and usually have a common problem or concern; _______ _______ are believed to help people cope because the provide opportunites to exchange information and concerns with similar others.
    support groups
  10. The number of infant deaths per thousand infants.
    infant mortality rate
  11. A common cause of death among infants, in which an infant simply stops breathing.
    suddent infant death syndrome (SIDS)
  12. ____________ is one of the most common forms of cancer found in young people.
  13. Up to age ______, children tend to think of death as a great sleep.
  14. Between ages ______ and _____ the idea that death is final may develop, although most children this age do not have a biological understanding of death.
    5 and 9
  15. The idea that death is universal and inevitable may not develop until age ______ or _______
    9 or 10
  16. Death that occurs before the projected age of 77.
    premature death
  17. The main cause of premature death in adulthood is sudden death due to _______ ___________ or _________.
    heart attack or stroke
  18. Ending the life of a person who has a painful terminal illness for the purpose of terminatin the person's suffering.
  19. A will prepared by person with a terminal illness, requesting that extraordinary life-sustaining procedures not be used in the event that the person's ability to make this decision is lost.
    living will
  20. _________ -___________ developed a five-stage thoery of dying.
  21. What are the five stages of the Kubler-Ross thoery of dying?
    • denial
    • anger
    • bargaining
    • depression
    • acceptance
  22. Medicao care for the terminally ill
    terminal care
  23. Care designed to make the patient comfortable, but not sure or improve te patient's underlying disease; often part of terminal care.
    palliative care
  24. Care designed to cure the patient's underlying disease.
    curative care
  25. Those who study death and dying
  26. Therapy with the dying
    clinical thanatology
  27. A sense that one is leaving behind a legacy through one's chidlren, or one's work or that one is joining the afterlife and becoming one with God.
    symbolic immortality
  28. An institution for dying patients that encourages personalized, warm, palliative care.
  29. Care for dying patients in the home; the choice of care for most terminally ill patients, though sometimes problematic for family members.
    home care
  30. A response to bereavement involving a feeling of hollowness and sometimes marked by preoccupations with the dead person, expression of hostility toward others, and guilt over the death; may also involve restlessness, an inability to concentrate, and other adverse psychological and physical symptoms.
  31. A general term referring to to illness cause by atherosclerosis, which is the narrowing of the coronary arteries, the vessels that supply the heart wuth blood.
    coronary heart disease (CHD)
  32. A pattern of risk factors for the chronic health problems of diabetes, heart disease, and hypertension, charachterized by obesity, a high waist to hip ratio, and insulin resistance. ________ _________ is exacerbated by inactivity, overeating, age, and hostility.
    metabolic syndrome
  33. A deficiency of blood to the heart due to obstruction or constrcition of the coronary arteries, often associated with chest pain.
  34. An intervention program designed to help heart patients acheive their opitmal physical, medical, psychological, emotional, vocational, and economic status after the diagnosis of a heart attack.
    cardiac rehabilitation
  35. A psychological state that can result after a myocardial infarction or diagnosis of CHD, consisting of the perception that the patients abilites and capacities are lower than they actually are; both patients and their spouses are vulnerable to these misconceptions.
    cardiac invalidism
  36. ___________ is also known as high blood pressure
  37. A method of reviving the functioning of the heart and lungs after loss of consciousness in which the patients heart and lungs has ceased to function properly.
    cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
  38. Chronically high blood pressure resulting from too much blood passing through too narrow vessels
    cardiovascular diease
  39. A personality predisposition to cope actively with psychological stressors; may become lethal when those active coping efforts are unsuccessful; the syndrome has been most documented among lower income Blacks at risk for developing hypertension.
    John Henryism
  40. A condition that results from a disturbance in blood flow to the brain, often resulting in physical of cognitive impairments, and in the extreme, death.
  41. A metabolic disorder characterized by high blood glucose in the context of insulin resistance; often co-occrus with risk for heart disease.
    type II diabetes
  42. Study of interactions among behavioral, neuroendocrine, and immunological process of adaptation
  43. Progressive impairment of the immune system by the human immunodeficiency (HIV); a diagnosis of _________ is made on the basis of the presence of one or more specific opportunistic infections.
    aquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)
  44. A crippling form of arthritis believed to result from an autoimmune process, usually attacking the small joints of the hands, feet, wrists, knees, ankles, and neck.
    rheumatiod arthritis
  45. A form of arthritis produced by a build up of uric acid in the body, producing crystals that become lodged in the joints; most commonly affected area is the big toe
  46. A chronic, inflammatory form of arthritis that may be managed by anti-inflammatory medications or immunosuppresive medications, depending on its severity
  47. An autoimmune disorder characterized by lack of insulin production by the beta cells of the pancreas
  48. models that pool and coordinate the medical and psychological expertise in a well defined area of mecial practice to make all available technology and expertise available to a patient; the pain management program is one example of a ___________ ___________ __________.
    comprehensive intervention model
  49. The formal evaluation of the effectiveness of an intervention realtive to its cost and the cost of alternative interventions
    cost effectiveness
  50. The effort to reduce or hold down health care costs
    cost containment
  51. Formal documentation of the successfulness of an intervention
  52. The conscientious, explicit, judicious use of the best scientific evidence for making decisions about the care of individual patients; the criterion for adopting medical standards
    evidence- based medicine