Psychology ch.13 and 10

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bry2011
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120743
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Psychology ch.13 and 10
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2011-12-11 15:36:50
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Psych Final
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Psych study guide
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  1. What is Psychotherapy?
    (A systematic interaction between a therapist and a client to help the clients behavior overcome abnormal behavior or adjust problems in living.
    A systematic interaction between a therapist and a client that brings psychological principals to bear on influencing the clients thoughts, feelings, or behavior to help the client overcome abnormal behavior or adjust to problems in living.
  2. What is Fruedian psychoanalysis?
    (Its free association, but dream analysis and interpretation are also used)
    The main method to Fruedian psychoanalysis is free association, but dream anlaysis and interpretation are also used.
  3. What is Free association?
    (Its the psychoanalysis uncensored uttering of all thougts that come to mind.)
    In psychoanalysis, the uncensored uttering of all thoughts that come to mind.
  4. What is Transference?
    (Its responding to one person in a way that is simialr to the way one repsonds to naother person in childhood.)
    Responding to one person (such as a spouse or the psychoaalyst) in a way that is similar to the way one responded to another person (such as a parent) in childhood.
  5. What is Catharsisn?
    (Its the release of emotional tension after traumatic experience that has effect resoting one's psychological well being.)
    Release of emotional tension, an after a traumatic experience, that has the effect of restoring one's psychological well-being.
  6. What is Dream?
    (The overriding drive of youth to become someone important)
    Its Levinson's term for the overriding drive of youth to become someone important, to leave one's mark in history.
  7. What is Cognitive therapy?
    (Its a form of therapy that focuses on how client's cognitions lead to distress and may be modified to relieve distress and promote adaptive behavior.)
    A form of therapy that focuses on how client's cognitions (e.g., expectations, attitudes, baliefs) lead to distress and may be modified to relieve distress and promote adaptive behavior.
  8. What is Ellis' rational-emotive therapy?
    ( Its the originated rational emotive behavior therapy, which holds that people's baliefs about events shape their responses to them.)
    Ellis originated rational emotive behavior therapy, which holds that people's baliefs about events shape their responses to them. Irrational beleifs, such as the beliefs that we must have social apporval or achieve perfection, can worsen problems.
  9. What is Uncoditional Positive Regard?
    (Its the acceptance of the value of another person)
    Acceptance of the value of another person, althought not necessarily acceptance of everything the person does.
  10. What is Conditions of Worth?
    (It refers to conditions after which affection is givem
    Its is a term used by Carl Rogers to describe social influences on the self-concept; for example, a child might not include anger in her self-concept because her parents' scolding has established a condition of worth such that anger is inappropriate.
  11. What is Gestalt Therapy?
    (It attemps to intergrate conflicting parts of the personality through directive mehtods designed to help clients percieve the whole selves.
    Fritz Perl's form of psycholtherapy, which attemps to intergrate conflicting parts of the personality through directive methods designed to help clients percieve the whole selves.
  12. What is Behavior Therapy?
    (Its the systematic application of the principals of learning the direct modification of a client's problem behavior.)
    Systematic application of the principels of learning to the direct modification of a client's problem behaviors.
  13. What is Systematic desensitization?
    (Its the Wolpe's method of reducing fears by associating a heirarchy of images of fear evoking stimuli with deep muscle relaxation.)
    Wolpe's method of reducing fears by associating a heirarchy of images of fear-evoking stimuli with deep muscle relaxation.
  14. What is Aversive conditioning?
    (The behavior therapy technique in which underised responses are inhibited by pairing repugnant or offensive stimuli with them)
    A behavior therapy technique in which underised responses are inhibited by pairing repugnant or offensive stimuli with them.
  15. What is Successive approximation?
    (Its a operent conditioning of a series of behaviors that gradually become more similar to a target behavior.)
    In operant conditioning, a series of behaviors that gradually become more similar to a target behavior.
  16. What is Group Therapy?
    (Its more economical than indiviaul therapy)
    Group therapy is more economical than individual therapy
  17. What is Family Therapy?
    (Its one or more families that make up the group)
    Family therapy undertaken from the the "system approach" modifies family interactions to enchance the growth of individuals in the family and the fmaily as a whole.
  18. What is Antidepressants?
    (Its acting or to releive depression)
    Acting or relieve depression
  19. What is Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)?
    (Its treatment disorders like major depression by passing an electrical current through the head.)
    Treatment of disorders like major depression by passing an electrical current (that causes a convulsion) through the head.
  20. What is a Psychiatrist?
    (They're physicians who specializes in the treatment of mental disroders.)
    Is a physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders.
  21. What is a Psychologist?
    (They're described as being either " applied or research-oriented)
    Psychologist are generally described as being either "applied" or "research-oriented".
  22. What is Health Psychology?
    (Its the field of psychology that studies the relatonships between psychological factors of prevention and the treatment of physical illness.)
    The Field of psychology that studies the relationships between psychological factors (e.g., attitudes, baliefs, situational influences, and behavior patterns) and the prevention and treatment of physical illness.
  23. What is stess?
    (Its the demand that is made on an organism to adapt.)
    The demand that is made on an organism to adapt.
  24. What is Eustress?
    (Its stress that is healthful.)
    Stress that is healthful.
  25. What is Type A Personality?
    (Behavior chatracterized by a sense of time urgency, competitiveness, and hostility)
    The theory describes a Type A individual as ambitious, aggressive, business-like, controlling, highly competitive, impatient, preoccupied with his or her status, time-conscious, and tightly-wound.
  26. What is Type B Personality?
    (Describes type B individuals as generally patient, relaxed, easy-going, and at times lacking an overriding sense of urgency.)
    The theory describes Type B individuals as perfect contrast to those with Type A personalities. People with Type B personalities are generally patient, relaxed, easy-going, and at times lacking an overriding sense of urgency.
  27. What is Type C Personality?
    (Is someone who is at heightened risk for a slew of afflictions, colds, asthma and cancer.)
    Someone who is at heightened risk for a slew of afflictions, from colds to asthma to cancer.
  28. What is Self-efficancy expectations?
    (Its our baliefs that we can bring desired changes through our own efforts.)
    Our baliefs that we can bring about desired changes through our own efforts.
  29. What is Psychological hardiness?
    (Clustor's of traits that buffer stress and are characterized by commitment, challange, and control.)
    A clustor of traits that buffer stress and are characterized by commitment, challange, and control.
  30. What is Commitment?
    (A dicision to maintain a relationship)
    The decision to maintain a relationship.
  31. What is General adaptation syndrome (GAS)?
    (Its Selye's term for a hypothesized three-stage response to stress.)
    Selye's term for a hypothesized three-stage response to stress.
  32. What is Alarm reaction?
    ( Its the first stage of GAS, which is triggered by the impact of a stressor and characterized by sympathetic activity.)
    The first stage of the GAS, which is triggered by the impact of a stressor and characterized by sympathetic activity.
  33. What is Resistance stage?
    (Its the second stage of GAS, charaterized by prolonged sympathetic activity in an effort to restore lost energy and repair damage.)
    The second stage of the GAS, characterized by prolonged sympathetic activity in an effort to restore lost energy and repair damage.
  34. What is Exhaustion stage?
    (Its the third stage of GAS characterized by weakened resistance and possible deterioration.)
    The third stage of the GAS characterized by weakened resistance and possible deterioration.)
  35. What is Flight or fight response?
    (Its an innate adaptive response to the perception of danger.)
    An innate adaptive response to the perception of danger.
  36. What is Parasympathetic nervous system?
    (Its most active when during processes that restores and reserves energy to the body)
    The branch of the autonomic nervous system that is most active during processes that restore reserves of energy to the body.
  37. What is Immune system?
    ( Its the system of the body that recognizes and destroys foriegn agents that invade the body.)
    The system of the body that recognizes and destroys foriegn agents (antigens) that invade the body.
  38. What is Sympathic nervous system?
    (Its most active durinf the process that spends body energy from stored reseves)
    The branch of the autonomic nervous sytem that is most active during process that spends body energy from stored reserves, such as in flight or fight reaction to predator.
  39. What is Antigens?
    (Its a substance that stimulates the body to mount an immune system response to it.)
    A substance that stimulates the body to mount an immune system response to it. (The contraction for anibody generator.)
  40. What is Psychoneuroimmunology?
    (Its the field that studies the relationships between psychological factors and the fuctioning of the immune system.)
    The field that studies the relationships between psychological factors (e.g., attitudes and overt behavior patterns) and the functioning of the immune system.

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