Anatomy Practice Book Questions

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msu-malexander
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120777
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Anatomy Practice Book Questions
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2011-12-04 19:50:20
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Anatomy Practice Book Questions
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  1. The study of the structure of an individual cell is called
    cytology
  2. the development of unspecialized cells into more specialized ones is called
    differentiation
  3. The first person to produce a comprehensive, accurate atlas for the teaching of human anatomy was
    maimonides
  4. in ___ a requirement is mutation in DNA structure also the presence
    evolution
  5. humans exhibit ___ meaning that have varied teeth.
    heterodonty
  6. A chemical reation that consumes water to break a covalent bond in a larger molecule is called
    hydrolysis
  7. enzymes called ____ add phosphate groups to other organic molecules
    kinases
  8. bonds between atoms formed by the sharing of electrons are called
    covalent bonds
  9. ___ organic compounds are lipids
    hydrophobic
  10. All of the bodies steroids are synthesized from
    cholesterol
  11. water has surface tension because of its ___.
    Hydrogen bonds
  12. ____ molecules that form a major part of cell membranes are called phospholipids
    amphiphilic
  13. What are three classes of biological macro molecule
    lipids, nucleic acid, proteins, carbohydrates
  14. ___ can move in and out of a cell through passages called nuclear pores
    Macromolecules
  15. in the process called _______ molecules in the ECF bind to receptors on the cell surface and are taken into the cell in a membrane bound vesicle.
    receptor mediated endocytosis
  16. The spaces between the membranes of rough or smooth ER are called
    cisternae
  17. All contents between the plasma membrane and nuclear enevelope are called the
    cytoplasm
  18. the "sense" portions of a pre-mRNA strand made in transcription are called
    exons
  19. The base pairs for DNA and mRNA are
    T-A, C-G, A-U, C-G
  20. Skin and eye color are examples of
    polygenic inheritance
  21. An allele is said to be ____ if it is not phenotypically expressed in the presence of another allele of the same gene
    recessive
  22. A new DNA helix is synthesized in short segments that must be put together end to end by an enzyme called
    DNA ligase
  23. A person with the blood type IA and IB shows characteristics of both blood types A and B bc these alleles are___
    codominant
  24. ABO blood groups is a trait that demonstrates
    multiple allele inheritance
  25. DNA wound together around a cluster of 8 proteins from a granule in the nucleus called a
    nucleosome
  26. males are more likely than females to inherit a genetic disease if the gene for it is
    X-linked
  27. The peroid in which a cell is preparing to divide is the
    G2 phase
  28. Different forms of a gene at the same locus on homologous chromosomes are called ___ in genetics
    alleles
  29. X chromosomes that is not expressed in a cell, it is located right outside the nucleus ; the number present in an individual is one less that the number of X chromosomes in somatic cell
    Barrbodies

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