Abnormal Urine

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  1. Glucose
    • Glucosuria
    • Nonpathalogical: excessive intake of sugary foods
    • Pathalogical: diabetes mellitus
  2. Proteins
    • Proteinuria
    • Nonpathalogical: excessive physical exertion, pregnancy, high protein diet
    • Pathalogical: heart failure, severe hypertension, damage to glomerular filtration membrane (glomerulonephritis)
  3. Bilirubin
    • Bilirubinemia
    • Nonpathalogical: gall stone blocking the common bile duct
    • Pathalogical: liver disease
  4. Ketone Bodies
    • Ketonuria
    • Excessive formation and accumulation of ketone bodies, as in starvation and untreated diabetes mellitus
  5. Erythrocytes (RBCs)
    • Hematuria
    • Bleeding urinary tract (UTI)
    • Menstruation
  6. Low specific gravity
    Overly hydrated or ADH not present
Card Set
Abnormal Urine
Abnormal urine causes and names
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