bot ch17

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Author:
codyrayh
ID:
120811
Filename:
bot ch17
Updated:
2011-12-04 21:13:54
Tags:
botany
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Description:
botany
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  1. spices
    aromatic fruits, flowers, bark, or other plant part of tropical origin
  2. herbs
    • aromatic leaves or seeds from plants of temperate origin
    • valued for flavor, scent, medicinal, or other qualities other than its food value
  3. essential oils
    • volatile substances that contribute to the essence of species
    • perfumes, medicines, flavoring
  4. terpenes
    most essential oils are found in this class or organic compound
  5. asteraceae
    daisy family
  6. lamiaceae
    mint family
  7. apiaceae
    carrot family
  8. lauraceae
    bay, avocado family
  9. myristicaceae
    bayberry family
  10. solanaceae
    tomato family
  11. zingiberaceae
    ginger family
  12. liliaceae
    lily family
  13. ocimum basilicum
    • basil
    • lamiaceae
    • native to iran, india, and other tropical regions
  14. mentha sp.
    • mint
    • 13-18 species
    • sperad via stolens
  15. rosmarinus officinalus
    • rosemary
    • mint family
    • woody perenial herb w/ fragrant evergreen needle like leaves
  16. anethum graveolens
    • dill
    • carrot family
    • finely dissected leaves used as flavoring
  17. coriandrum sativum
    • cilantro
    • apiaceae
  18. foeniculum vulgare
    • fennel
    • apiaceae
    • hardy perenial herb
  19. matricaria recutita
    • chamomile
    • daisy family
    • made into tea
    • help w/ sleep and stomach ailments
  20. cinnamomum zeylancium
    • cinnamon
    • lauraceae
    • fragrant bark
  21. piper nigrum
    • pepper
    • tropical vine
    • black pepper harvested early, dried, turn black
  22. myristica fragrans
    • nutmeg
    • red aril around pit used for mace (spice)
    • pit conains seed used for nutmeg flavoring
  23. capsicum
    hot chilies
  24. capsaicin
    triggers heat sensitive nerve vibers in our mouths to create "hotness"

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