Pharm Drugs for DM

Card Set Information

Author:
queline
ID:
120813
Filename:
Pharm Drugs for DM
Updated:
2012-01-11 11:17:18
Tags:
Drugs DM Pharmacology
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Description:
Drugs for Diabetes Mellitus
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  1. Which Insulins are short duration and rapid acting?
    • -Insulin lispro [Humalog]
    • -Insulin aspart [Novalog]
  2. Which Insulins are short duration and slower acting?
    Regular Insulin [Humalin R, Novolin]
  3. Which Insulin is intermediate Duration?
    NPH insulin [Humalog N, Novolin N]
  4. Which insulin is long duration?
    Insulin glargine [lantus]
  5. Name the onset, peak, and Duration to
    Insulin aspart [Novolog].
    • onset 10-20 minutes
    • Peak 1-3 hours
    • Duration 3-5 hours
  6. Name the onset, peak, and Duration to Insulin lispro [Humalog].
    • onset 15-30 minutes
    • Peak 0.5 - 2.5 hours
    • Duration 3-6.5 hours
  7. Name the onset, peak, and Duration to Regular Insulin [Humalin R, Novolin R].
    • onset 30-60 minutes
    • Peak 1-5 hours
    • Duration 6-10 hours
  8. Name the onset, peak, and Duration to NPH Insulin [Humalin N, Novolin N].
    • onset 60-120 minutes
    • Peak 6-14 hours
    • Duration 6-24 hours
  9. Name the onset, peak, and Duration to Insulin glargine [Lantus].
    • onset 70 minutes
    • Peak none
    • Duration 24 hours
  10. Which insulin should NOT be mixed with other insulins?
    Insulin gargine [Lantus]
  11. How should unopened vials of insulin be stored?
    Under refrigeration
  12. How long can an open vial of insulin be kept at room temperature?
    up to 1 month
  13. What is the greatest concern in tight control of insulin therapy?
    Hypogylcemia
  14. What is a major cause of insulin execess?
    overdose
  15. Hypogycemia activates what nerous system?
    Sympathetic Nervous System
  16. The following symptoms are an example of what?
    tachycardia
    palpations
    sweating
    nervousness
    headache
    drowsiness
    confusion
    fatigue
    Hypogylcemia

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