Card Set Information
Main functions of skin are protection, thermoregulation, somatosensory perception, and _.
vitamin D synthesis
Main functions of skin are protection, thermoregulation, _, and vitamin D synthesis.
Main functions of skin are protection, _, somatosensory perception, and vitamin D synthesis.
Main functions of skin are _, thermoregulation, somatosensory perception, and vitamin D synthesis.
Two major components of skin is the outer layer, the _, and an inner layer, the _.
Embryologically, the epidermis derives from _.
Embryologically, the dermis derives from _.
Embryologically, the _ derives from ectoderm.
Embryologically, the _ derives from the mesoderm.
Epidermis contains keratinocytes, melanocytes, and _.
Epidermis contains keratinocytes, _, and immunocytes.
Epidermis contains _, melanocytes, and immunocytes.
Keratinocytes is contained in the _.
Keratinocytes produce the protein _.
Keratin is produced by _.
Keratinocytes are responsible for the _ and _ qualities of skin.
Cells responsible for the wear-resistance qualities of skin are _.
Cells responsible for waterproof qualities of skin are _.
Melanocytes are _.
Melanin is produced by _.
Melanocytes are partly responsible for _.
Skin color is partly the responsibility of _.
Immunocytes provide a first line of defense against invasion by _, _, and _.
Deepest layer of epidermis is _ or _.
Stratum basale is the _ layer of epidermis.
Stratum germinativum is the _ layer of epidermis.
New keratinocytes are continuously produced from stem cells in the _ layer of epidermis.
Stratum spinosum is the layer of epidermis located _.
next to the stratum basale
Layer of epidermis located next to the stratum basale is the _.
Stratum granulosum is the _ layer of epidermis.
Second layer of epidermis is the _.
Stratum granulosum is the _ layer of epidermis.
Stratum granulosum synthesize and store _.
Keratohyalin is synthesized and stored by _.
Keratohyalin is a precursor of _.
Precursor of keratin is _.
In the skin of the palms and soles the _ layer of epidermis forms.
Stratum lucidum forms in the _ and _.
Stratum lucidum consists of cells filled with droplets of _.
Elaidin fills cells that are consisted in the _.
Elaidin is a translucent substance formed from _.
Keratohyalin forms a translucent substance called _.
Outermost layer of epidermis is the _ or _.
Stratum corneum or cornified layer is the _ layer of epidermis.
Stratum corneum consists entirely of dead keratinocytes filled with _.
Stratum corneum consists entirely of _ filled with keratin.
in embryonic development, the epidermis gives rise to hair, nails, and _.
In embryonic development, the epidermis gives rise to hair, _, and dermal glands.
In embryonic development, the epidermis gives rise to _, nails, and dermal glands.
Root of a hair is enclosed within a _.
Tiny bundle of smooth muscle attached to each hair follicle is called the _.
Arrector pili is a tiny bundle of smooth muscle is attached to _.
each hair follicle
Arrector pili is a _ attached to each hair follicle.
tiny bundle of smooth muscle
Nails are plates of _, _ cells.
Nails arise from stems located in the _.
Growth of the nail occurs in the _.
Sebaceous glands are associated with _.
Glands are associated with hair follicles are the _.
Sebaceous glands are absent from _.
skin of palms and soles
Glands that are absent from skin of palms and soles are _.
Sebum reduces _.
loss of moisture
Sebum contains _.
Sebaceous glands are _ glands.
Holocrine glands secretion is formed as a product of the _.
breakdown of dead gland cells
Secretion formed as a product of the breakdown of dead gland cells are _ glands.
Suderiferous glands are also known as _ glands.
Sweat glands are also known as _ glands.
Two main types of sudoriferous glands are _ and _.
*eccrine sweat glands
*apocrine sweat glands
Eccrine sweat glands are a type of _ gland.
Apocrine sweat glands are a type of _.
Sudoriferous glands are _ glands.
Merocrine glands include _ glands.
Sudoriferous glands that are scattered throughout the body surface are _.
eccrine sweat glands
Sudoriferous glands that are most dense in the palms and soles are _.
eccrine sweat glands
Main role of eccrine sweating is to _.
promote heat loss
Evaporative cooling is a process in which some heat is absorbed by the water in the process of its transformation from a _ to a _.
Eccrine sweating is controlled by the nervous system as part of the process of _.
Dermis is made up of abundant fibers of _ and _.
Two layers of dermis are the _ and _ layers.
Papilla of the papillary layer project into the _.
Papillae of the papillary layer contain an extensive capillary network that supples the needs of the _ layers of the epidermis.
Papillae of the papillary layer contain an extensive _ that supplies the needs of the basal layers of the epidermis.
Part of the dermis that contains an extensive capillary network is the _.
papillae of the capillary layer
Papillae of the papillary layer plays an important role in _.
heat loss from the body core
Part of the dermis that plays an important role in heat loss from the body core is the _.
papillae of the papillary layer
Papillary layer is responsible for the _ of palms and soles.
Fingerprints are the responsibility of the _.
Reticular layer is composed of a network of _ fibers that give the skin its elasticity and resilience.
crisscrossing collagen and elastin
Reticular layer is composed of a network of crisscrossing collagen and elastin fibers that give the skin _.
its elasticity and resilience
Network of crisscrossing collagen and elastin fibers that give the skin its elasticity and resilience composes the _.
Underneath the dermis and not technically part of the skin is the _.
Hypodermis is located _.
underneath the dermis
Hypodermis contains loose connective tissue, arterioles, venules and _.
Hypodermis contains loose connective tissue, arterioles, _, and adipose tissue.
Hypodermis contains loose connective tissue, _, venules, and adipose tissue.
Hypodermis contains _, arterioles, venules, and adipose tissue.
loose connective tissue
Blood flow into superficial vessels is controlled by the _ branch of the autonomic nervous system.
Increases in core body temperature inhibit the tonic sympathetic outflow to _.
superficial blood vessels
Increases in core body temperature inhibit the _ to superficial blood vessels.
tonic sympathetic outflow
As long as the temperature of the body surface exceeds that of the environment, heat can be lost through _, _, and _.
Earliest effect of heat conservation measures is an increase in the outflow of impulses along sympathetic nerves to _.
Earliest effectsof heat conservation measures is an increase in the outflow of impulses along _ to the cutaneous vessels.
Second aspect of heat conservation is that _.
sweating is abolished
First-degree burns involve mainly damage to the _.
Burns that involve mainly damage to the epidermis are _.
Second-degree burns involve at least some damage to the _.
Burns that involve at least some damage to the dermis are _.
Third-degree burns affect _ and _.