Skin

Card Set Information

Author:
MarlieHopkins
ID:
120820
Filename:
Skin
Updated:
2011-12-04 21:50:26
Tags:
Skin
Folders:

Description:
Skin
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user MarlieHopkins on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Main functions of skin are protection, thermoregulation, somatosensory perception, and _.
    vitamin D synthesis
  2. Main functions of skin are protection, thermoregulation, _, and vitamin D synthesis.
    somatosensory perception
  3. Main functions of skin are protection, _, somatosensory perception, and vitamin D synthesis.
    thermoregulation
  4. Main functions of skin are _, thermoregulation, somatosensory perception, and vitamin D synthesis.
    protection
  5. Two major components of skin is the outer layer, the _, and an inner layer, the _.
    • *epidermis
    • *dermis
  6. Embryologically, the epidermis derives from _.
    ectoderm
  7. Embryologically, the dermis derives from _.
    mesoderm
  8. Embryologically, the _ derives from ectoderm.
    epidermis
  9. Embryologically, the _ derives from the mesoderm.
    dermis
  10. Epidermis contains keratinocytes, melanocytes, and _.
    immunocytes
  11. Epidermis contains keratinocytes, _, and immunocytes.
    melanocytes
  12. Epidermis contains _, melanocytes, and immunocytes.
    keratinocytes
  13. Keratinocytes is contained in the _.
    epidermis
  14. Keratinocytes produce the protein _.
    keratin
  15. Keratin is produced by _.
    keratinocytes
  16. Keratinocytes are responsible for the _ and _ qualities of skin.
    • *wear-resistance
    • *waterproof
  17. Cells responsible for the wear-resistance qualities of skin are _.
    keratinocytes
  18. Cells responsible for waterproof qualities of skin are _.
    keratinocytes
  19. Melanocytes are _.
    melanin
  20. Melanin is produced by _.
    melanocytes
  21. Melanocytes are partly responsible for _.
    skin color
  22. Skin color is partly the responsibility of _.
    melanocytes
  23. Immunocytes provide a first line of defense against invasion by _, _, and _.
    • *microbes
    • *fungi
    • *parasites
  24. Deepest layer of epidermis is _ or _.
    • *stratum basale
    • *stratum germinativum
  25. Stratum basale is the _ layer of epidermis.
    deepest
  26. Stratum germinativum is the _ layer of epidermis.
    deepest
  27. New keratinocytes are continuously produced from stem cells in the _ layer of epidermis.
    stratum basale
  28. Stratum spinosum is the layer of epidermis located _.
    next to the stratum basale
  29. Layer of epidermis located next to the stratum basale is the _.
    stratum spinosum
  30. Stratum granulosum is the _ layer of epidermis.
    second
  31. Second layer of epidermis is the _.
    stratum granulosum
  32. Stratum granulosum is the _ layer of epidermis.
    second
  33. Stratum granulosum synthesize and store _.
    keratohyalin
  34. Keratohyalin is synthesized and stored by _.
    stratum granulosum
  35. Keratohyalin is a precursor of _.
    keratin
  36. Precursor of keratin is _.
    keratohyalin
  37. In the skin of the palms and soles the _ layer of epidermis forms.
    stratum lucidum
  38. Stratum lucidum forms in the _ and _.
    • *palms
    • *soles
  39. Stratum lucidum consists of cells filled with droplets of _.
    elaidin
  40. Elaidin fills cells that are consisted in the _.
    stratum lucidum
  41. Elaidin is a translucent substance formed from _.
    keratohyalin
  42. Keratohyalin forms a translucent substance called _.
    elaidin
  43. Outermost layer of epidermis is the _ or _.
    • *stratum corneum
    • *cornified layer
  44. Stratum corneum or cornified layer is the _ layer of epidermis.
    outermost
  45. Stratum corneum consists entirely of dead keratinocytes filled with _.
    keratin
  46. Stratum corneum consists entirely of _ filled with keratin.
    dead keratinocytes
  47. in embryonic development, the epidermis gives rise to hair, nails, and _.
    dermal glands
  48. In embryonic development, the epidermis gives rise to hair, _, and dermal glands.
    nails
  49. In embryonic development, the epidermis gives rise to _, nails, and dermal glands.
    hair
  50. Root of a hair is enclosed within a _.
    hair follicle
  51. Tiny bundle of smooth muscle attached to each hair follicle is called the _.
    arrector pili
  52. Arrector pili is a tiny bundle of smooth muscle is attached to _.
    each hair follicle
  53. Arrector pili is a _ attached to each hair follicle.
    tiny bundle of smooth muscle
  54. Nails are plates of _, _ cells.
    • *hard
    • *keratinized
  55. Nails arise from stems located in the _.
    nail groove
  56. Growth of the nail occurs in the _.
    nail matrix
  57. Sebaceous glands are associated with _.
    hair follicles
  58. Glands are associated with hair follicles are the _.
    sebaceous glands.
  59. Sebaceous glands are absent from _.
    skin of palms and soles
  60. Glands that are absent from skin of palms and soles are _.
    sebaceous glands
  61. Sebum reduces _.
    loss of moisture
  62. Sebum contains _.
    antimicrobial chemicals
  63. Sebaceous glands are _ glands.
    holocrine
  64. Holocrine glands secretion is formed as a product of the _.
    breakdown of dead gland cells
  65. Secretion formed as a product of the breakdown of dead gland cells are _ glands.
    holocrine
  66. Suderiferous glands are also known as _ glands.
    sweat
  67. Sweat glands are also known as _ glands.
    suderiferous
  68. Two main types of sudoriferous glands are _ and _.
    • *eccrine sweat glands
    • *apocrine sweat glands
  69. Eccrine sweat glands are a type of _ gland.
    suderiferous
  70. Apocrine sweat glands are a type of _.
    sudoriferous gland
  71. Sudoriferous glands are _ glands.
    merocrine
  72. Merocrine glands include _ glands.
    sudoriferous
  73. Sudoriferous glands that are scattered throughout the body surface are _.
    eccrine sweat glands
  74. Sudoriferous glands that are most dense in the palms and soles are _.
    eccrine sweat glands
  75. Main role of eccrine sweating is to _.
    promote heat loss
  76. Evaporative cooling is a process in which some heat is absorbed by the water in the process of its transformation from a _ to a _.
    • *liquid
    • *gas
  77. Eccrine sweating is controlled by the nervous system as part of the process of _.
    thermoregulation
  78. Dermis is made up of abundant fibers of _ and _.
    • *collagen
    • *elastin
  79. Two layers of dermis are the _ and _ layers.
    • *papillary
    • *reticular
  80. Papilla of the papillary layer project into the _.
    epidermis
  81. Papillae of the papillary layer contain an extensive capillary network that supples the needs of the _ layers of the epidermis.
    basal
  82. Papillae of the papillary layer contain an extensive _ that supplies the needs of the basal layers of the epidermis.
    capillary network
  83. Part of the dermis that contains an extensive capillary network is the _.
    papillae of the capillary layer
  84. Papillae of the papillary layer plays an important role in _.
    heat loss from the body core
  85. Part of the dermis that plays an important role in heat loss from the body core is the _.
    papillae of the papillary layer
  86. Papillary layer is responsible for the _ of palms and soles.
    fingerprints
  87. Fingerprints are the responsibility of the _.
    papillary layer
  88. Reticular layer is composed of a network of _ fibers that give the skin its elasticity and resilience.
    crisscrossing collagen and elastin
  89. Reticular layer is composed of a network of crisscrossing collagen and elastin fibers that give the skin _.
    its elasticity and resilience
  90. Network of crisscrossing collagen and elastin fibers that give the skin its elasticity and resilience composes the _.
    reticular layer
  91. Underneath the dermis and not technically part of the skin is the _.
    hypodermis
  92. Hypodermis is located _.
    underneath the dermis
  93. Hypodermis contains loose connective tissue, arterioles, venules and _.
    adipose tissue
  94. Hypodermis contains loose connective tissue, arterioles, _, and adipose tissue.
    venules
  95. Hypodermis contains loose connective tissue, _, venules, and adipose tissue.
    arterioles
  96. Hypodermis contains _, arterioles, venules, and adipose tissue.
    loose connective tissue
  97. Blood flow into superficial vessels is controlled by the _ branch of the autonomic nervous system.
    sympathetic
  98. Increases in core body temperature inhibit the tonic sympathetic outflow to _.
    superficial blood vessels
  99. Increases in core body temperature inhibit the _ to superficial blood vessels.
    tonic sympathetic outflow
  100. As long as the temperature of the body surface exceeds that of the environment, heat can be lost through _, _, and _.
    • *radiation
    • *conduction
    • *convection
  101. Earliest effect of heat conservation measures is an increase in the outflow of impulses along sympathetic nerves to _.
    cutaneous vessels
  102. Earliest effectsof heat conservation measures is an increase in the outflow of impulses along _ to the cutaneous vessels.
    sympathetic nerves
  103. Second aspect of heat conservation is that _.
    sweating is abolished
  104. First-degree burns involve mainly damage to the _.
    epidermis
  105. Burns that involve mainly damage to the epidermis are _.
    first-degree burns
  106. Second-degree burns involve at least some damage to the _.
    dermis
  107. Burns that involve at least some damage to the dermis are _.
    second-degree burns
  108. Third-degree burns affect _ and _.
    • *dermis
    • *subcutaneous tissue

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview